Poetry be aimed at emancipating the people: Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

From Surya Narayan Mohanty, Advocate, Tigiria

Honor to State Anthem of Orissa


Sambad Sahitya Ghar had recently organized a poets meet at Panchagan of Tigiria. It started with standing honor to the founders of the linguistic State to the tune of Bande Utkal janani, the State Anthem.

SCP addressing the audianceAddressing the meet as the chief speaker, Tigiria born eminent journalist Subhas Chandra Pattanayak recalled the splendid contribution of this ex-State to literature and culture of Orissa. He called upon the poets to write against superstitions, economic contradictions and ills of administration; because our people need freedom from perpetrators of their degradation and poetry can emancipate. He recalled how poetries had helped unification of divided Orissa and how poetries had inspired unarmed people to make their supreme sacrifices to force the British to leave India. Every epoch in the long history of human emancipation is generated by and celebrated with poetries, because poetry alone causes the vibration that concusses the conscience and jerks the society out of slumber to proceed towards progress, he said. Poets of the Athgarh Sub-Division comprising Athgarh, Tigiria, Baramba and Narasinghpur had joined the meet.

Presided over by educationist Basant Kumar Mishra, the conference was addressed by Hemant Kumar Das, former Director of Treasuries, Government of Orissa, who was the Chief Guest. He welcomed the noble initiative taken by the Sambad newspaper organization to enhance literary activities through Sahitya Ghar movement which is akin to Bhagavat Tungi movement of sixteenth century in Orissa. Poets should always aim at equipping people with ideas to make best of their contributions to evolution of a just society, said Das.

Former member of Rajyasabha, Subas Mohanty expressed profound satisfaction over the huge gathering in cause of literature. Sambad Sahitya Ghar movement is an excellent instance of corporate responsibility towards the society, he said.

Others who addressed the gathering included Ttrilochan Mohapatra (President, Sambad Sahitya Ghara, Narsinghpur), Duryadhan Barala ( President, Sahitya Samaja, Narsinghpur), Pramod Kumar Das (President, Sambad Sahitya Ghara, Athagaeh), Narayan Patra (President Sambad Sahitya Ghara, Maniabandha, Baramba), Dr Lokanath Swain (Principal, Nilamadhab Collage, Kantilo), and Bishnu Charan Paikray (Co-ordinator, Sambad, Athagarh).

Popular poets of the Sub-Division who recited their latest poetries included Rabinarayan Barik, Narasinghpur; Sabita Sahu, Maniabandh; Pt. Suryanarayan Mishra, Baramba; Kailas Chandra Jena, Baramba; Sarangadhar Jena, Athgarh; Smt. Minamali Mohanty, Athgarh; Duryodhan Baral, Baramba; Adv. Pranakrushna Dash, Athgarh; Adv. Adwaita Charan Panda, Tigiria; Prafulla Kumar Mohapatra, Kanpur; Chandra Sekhar Mohanty, Baramba; Jagannath Barik, Baramba; Kuntala Behera, Cuttack; Adv. Surjyanarayan Mohanty, Tigiria; Sarat Chandra Majhi, Tigiria; Surendra Kumar Dutta, Cuttack. Chief Guest Hemanta Kumar Das and Chief Speaker Subhas Chandra Pattanayak also recited their poems. Sarat kumar Majhi co-ordinated the poetry presentations.

Release of the book by Harekrushna PattanayakRelease of Tuma Pade


Three new books were released on the occasion. Those were Niraba Pratikriya by Harekrushna Pattanayak, Tume Pade by Ms. Parbati Pradhan and Mo Ga’n Bindhanima by Joginath Dash.

felicitation to Hemant Dasfelicitation to Subhas Ch PattanayakFelicitation to Subas Mohanty


Three illustrious sons of Tigiria – Hemant Kumar Das, Subhas Chandra Pattanayak and Subas Mohanty – were felicitated on the occasion.

SCP replying to felicitation

In replying to felicitation Sri Subhas Chandra Pattanayak expressed pride over his birth in Tigiria, the land where the tie and die Khandua has also its place of origin in Nuapatna and where the scripture of Odissi dance ‘Abhinaya Darpana Prakasha’ had been authored. Tigiria is not only the birthplace of Pt. Bhubaneswar Badapanda, whom Sir Basudev Sudhala Dev as well as Chandrasekhar Samanta Singhar (Pathani Samanta) owed their knowledge, but also is the birthplace of Gopinath Tunga, author of Veera Sarvasva, the famous scripture of warfare, Tigiria is not only the birthplace of Prof. Jayakrushna Mishra – the author of last millennium’s only Sanskrit Mahakavya Matrumukti Muktavali, but also the birthplace of world famous philologist Dr. Devi Prasanna Pattanayak whose scholarly perseverance has brought for Oriya the Classical Language status. To take birth in such a place is the factor of his pride and happiness, he said.

honor 3honor 4honor 5

Some of the newspaper reporters of Tigiria were honored. They include: Radha Mohan Mohapatra (Repoter The Dinalipi), Pravat Kumar Swain (Repoter The Samaj ),Jafar Khan   (Repoter The Dharitri) and Rajkisore Behera (Repoter The Pramaya ).

honor 6Honor to Jagabandhu Tunga

Tigiria born eminent lawyer practicing in the High Court of Orissa, Ms. Sadaya Laxmi Pattanayak, Famous dramatist Jagabandhu Tunga Samanta, Educationist Dibakar Sahu were also honored on the occasion.

Durga Devi Cultural Acedami and Durga Devi Danda Dance Party of Panchaga’n entertained the meet with excellent Odissi and Folk dances.

Team of Tigirian youth under leadership of Advocate Surya Narayan Mohanty, Purna Chandra Das, Amulya Raut and other members of the Local Sahitya Ghar organized the meet.

Is continuous misrule changing the character of young men in Orissa?

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

I was returning from my native place Tigiria to my workplace Bhubaneswar on January 25. It was around midnight. I was enjoying the loneliness with a speed of 60km, which I usually do. After Kuspangi, around 15 motorcycle riders overtook me and to my bewilderment covered the entire road from one side to the other.

Shockingly, mine was the only car on the road from Kuspangi side.

When a vehicle was approaching from the front side, the fellows were siding to left and instantly thereafter were blocking my passage.

I cannot say that, alone in the car I had not panicked. There is a police station at Chowdwar and its number is in my mobile phone. I tried to call the police station, but failed. There was no signal. Every BSNL user suffers from lack of connectivity so often that to me it was not unusual. In that situation, I had to keep my composure. I stopped blowing horn seeking passage and reduced my speed gradually to 40km. The fellows also reduced their speed. I maintained the same speed. I expected two things to happen thereby. Firstly, on noticing that I was driving unperturbed, the fellows – if they were criminals – would be perturbed themselves and flee; because every criminal suffers from fear within. Secondly, if they were not criminals but behaving like that as a matter of fun, they will not like to miss the thrill of motorcycling in speed on a trafficless highway for a longer period and would eventually speed away. But to my horror, they came to a halt to force me to halt.

I apprehended that some mischief was brewing in their mind.  I decided to defend myself in whatsoever manner my mind would then dictate, without bothering for the police.

while returning from Tigiria in the night

Therefore, I took a picture of the roadblocking gang and prepared myself for the worst eventuality. A truck was parking in the left side of the road. Two uniformed men arrived in a motor cycle.

The gang dispersed.

During last 40 years, I have enjoyed the lonely roads in the night in a two-wheeler or in a car often alone and sometimes with my wife. But never have I had the experience of a gang on two-wheelers obstructing my movement in such a mischievous manner.

Is the prevalent phase of misrule changing the character of young men in Orissa?

My beloved Birthplace Tigiria

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Tigiria, to the lap of which my mother had delivered me, was a beautiful place to live in.

It had tremendous contributions to culture and literature of Orissa. The scripture of warfare – Veera Sarvaswa – was authored here. The scripture of the dance form that is now known as Odissi Dance – Abhinaya Darpana Prakasha – was authored here.

Pandit Bhubaneswar Badapanda, Kabibara Arttabandhu Pattanayak, Prof. Jayakrushna Mishra, Prof. Devi Prasanna Pattanayak are some of the stars Tigiria has posted in the sky of Orissa’s literature.

Entirely humanitarian kings like Banamali Tunga Champatti Singh Mohapatra, revered sentinels like Jagabandhu Rautroy Pattanayak, Freedom fighters like Madhusudan Pattanayak had their birth in this splendid soil.

The world famous Khandua is Tigiria’s contribution to Sri Jagannatha as well as to Odissi Dance. A splendid land of glorious Buddhist past, in post-independence period it has gradually lost its mana to continuous misrule.

Deeply affected by her ruin, in a solitude when none but her was in my heart, that past had enticed me into in its magnificence, which, forms a part of my forthcoming book ‘Ketebele Kemiti’. I am sharing here.


Dr. Debi Prasanna Pattanayak’s new book on language released

Famous linguist Dr. Debi Prasanna Pattanayak’s new book ‘Language and Cultural Diversity’ has made a hit with bibliophiles.

Release of DPP's Book

It was released on 17 September 2014 by the Chief Minister of Orissa, Naveen Patnaik, who lauded Dr. Pattanayak’s constant emphasis on initiation of education to children in their mother tongue as that only improves children’s self confidence and leads to internal educational efficiency.

Dr. Pattanayak, already decorated with Padmashree, has been recommended by the State Government for Padma Bhusan award this year.

Son of famous freedom fighter Madhu Sudan Pattanayak, he belongs by birth to Tigiria, the famous former Princely State where the scripture of what is now known as Odissi Dance – Abhinaya Darpana Prakash – as well as India’s one of the only two noted scriptures on warfare – Veera Sarvaswa – were authored. The  palm leaf manuscripts of both the scriptures are now in Visva Bharati University at Shantiniketan of West Bengal, along with hundreds of palm leaf manuscripts written by Tigiria’s people of literary excellence in the bygone princely days, which, Dr. Pattanayak had taken from the Tigiria Palace to enrich the famous Central University with its first library of ancient manuscripts.

Tigiria Celebrates Champaka Dwadashi

Champakdwadasi is Tigiria’s famous festival of fireworks where controlled application of gunpowder write excellent scripts of ecstasy in the sky in welcoming the season of showers and sowing of seeds in the soil, said eminent journalist Subhas Chandra Pattanayak on the occasion of inauguration of the festival on June 09. A son of the soil, he was felicitated for ‘social service’.

SCP after felicitation

Formerly a Princely State, Tigiria was famous for production of excellent rice. Its richly fertile soil is so immensely suitable for agriculture that cultivators from neighboring States were migrating to Tigiria and amongst all the ex-States, this was the most densely populated, as per statistics recorded by the British. So, when Summer reaches its last stage and monsoon approaches the land, people of Tigiria celebrate the union of Earth with Heaven symbolical represented by Parvati and Siva on the day of Champak Dwadasi.

Power politics having destroyed the unity of the people, this festival was abandoned for decades after Panchayati Raj metamorphosed into a new era of anarchy. A great tradition of Tigiria had died.

But villagers of Puruna Tigiria, Amunihasahi, Paikianra and Chasanra have revived this tradition since four years and this year, it was the ‘Fourth Champakdwadasi Mahotsava’, observed for two days.

Odishi in Champak Dwadasi Festival

The first day dedicated to music and dance performed by local artists and the second day to display of fireworks for which Tigiria is famous since ancient days.

The festival commenced with lighting the lamp of inauguration collectively by the organizers: Kabichandra Nayak (Chairman), Kabichandra Parida (President), Dibakar Pradhan (Vice President) Adhyapak Manoranjan Mohanty (Secretary), Pabitra Mohan Jena (Joint Secretary), Duryodhan Basti (treasurer) of the ‘Sri Sri Shankareswar Mahadev Shanti Pragati Parisad, under the banner of which the celebrations are held. With them were village committee leaders of the four villages: Mana Ranjan Nayak (President, Puruna Tigiria), Laxman Majhi (Secretary, Puruna Tigiria), Basanta Kumar nayak (President, Paikianra), Benudhar Jena (Secretary, Paikianra), Kulamani Swain (President, Chasanra), Narendra Kumar Mohanty (President, Amunihasahi) and Mangaraj Raut (Secretary, Amunihasahi). Local Sarapanch Pramod Kumar Majhi and Samiti member Ms. Madhuyotsna Priyadarshini had joined them along with Panchayat Samiti Chairman Bhagirathi Nanda, Journalist Subhas Chandra Pattanayak, Tahsildar of Tigiria Binod Kumar Jena and Sub-Divisional Police Chief Krutibas Jena.

The meeting was presided over by Kabichandra Parida and coordinated by Adhyapak Manoranjan Mohanty. Chairman of Tigiria Panchayat Samiti Bhagirathi Nanda was the Chief Guest.

Others felicitated were Rajkishre Behera (Journalism), Sambit Kumar Tunga (Bravery),

On the 2nd day of the celebrations, bright students of Tigiria were felicitated. They included Nilakantha Behera (Block Level High School topper) and Ms. Diptimayee Sahu (Panchayat level Matric topper) and Block level Upper Primary Scholarship holders: Rakesk Amahant, Sonali Piroi, Jyotiranjan Jena, Sima Nayak, Snehamanjari Majhi, and Purnima Behera.

When Athgarh Sub-Collector Madhusudan Mishra, as chief guest of the concluding day witnessed the unique display of fireworks, the inaugural day was celebrated with performance of Pala, Pallinrutya, Panchana Nrutya, Balashree, Ghanta Badya o Nrutya, Odissi, Chhau, Sambapuri Nrutya and Bhajan by local artists, specifically of Durga Devi Dance Academy, Panchagan – a village whose participation in Champak Dwadasi in the past was immense.

In placing the annual report of the festival, Parisad Secretary Adhyapak Manoranjan Mohanty advanced the idea of an exhibition of Tigiria’s indigenous products like the unique Khandua fabric of Nuapatna and replicas of Tigiria’s famous Banas like the Haveli and literary works of authors born in Tigiria including palm-leaf manuscripts over and above display of agricultural equipments and technologies for benefit of the cultivators.


(Pictorial input from Harekrushna Pattanayak, Tigiria)

Tigiria Samskuti Parisad, hereinafter called the Parisad, founded by former Member of Parliament representing Orissa in the Rajyasbha, Subas Mohanty and young intellectuals of Tigiria, honored three of the illustrious sons of the soil on 28 December 2011 with Pranab Kishore Pattanayak in the chair.

Eminent persons from all parts of the Ex-State witnessed Tigiria Sammana presented to Dr. Debi Prasanna Pattanayak for being an author and linguist of international repute, to Sri Amulya Ratna Nanda IAS (Rtd) for being a distinguished head of administration in various departments and ministries in State as well as Central level and to Sri Lalit Mohan Pattanayak for being a guiding light in sports didactics, honored by the President of India for best of contributions to the Scouts movement in Orissa.

Eminent Dramatist, Advocate Suryanarayan Mohanty read out the citations to each of them as chief of orissamatters.com Sri Subhas Chandra Pattanayak presented the awards.


In presenting the Samman, Sri Pattanayak, by birth a Tigirian, recalled the glorious past of this ex-State and its matchless contributions to culture of Orissa. One of its contributions was the dance form that has developed into Odissi, he said.

Dwelling on the darkest phase of Orissa’a history when Sri Mandira of Puri had to suffer absence of the deities for 12 years, which, according to Pt. Kedar Nath Mohapatra in Khurudha Itihas, had begun on May 16, 1692, as on that day, the Gajapati (King Emperor of Orissa) had to concede defeat and allow the invading Muslims to take away the Jagannatha Trinity by desecrating the Ratna Vedi (The Lord’s podium) under orders of Aurangzeb, Sri Pattanayak said that in reality the Mogul General had taken away only duplicate images of the deities, willfully kept to deceive the invaders. The real images were kept hidden in Bimala’s backyard from where, according to Madala Panji, they were taken away into an unknown place. Madala Panji says, nobody knew whereto they went; but because of that, all rituals in Sri Mandira had stopped.

Recalling the scenario, Sri Pattanayak claimed that Shankarshan Tunga Mandhata, then the King of Tigiria, had, under a plan finalized with the Gajapati, secretly carried the images by trained elephants from the compound of Bimala up to Mahanadi and then in boats into his State, in recognition whereof the Gajapati had conferred on him the rank of Bada Pariccha, the second highest rank – below the Gajapati and above the Rajguru – in the deity’s protocol, with hereditary right, a position no other king of Orissa is ever bestowed upon with.

After twelve years, suffering heavy loss in pilgrimage tax as pilgrims had stopped visiting Puri due to non-existence of the deities in Sri Mandira, the Mogul Emperor commissioned new images of Jagannath Trinity in the Ratna Vedi and thus the original Trinity could not go back to Puri from Tigiria, he said.

This unexpected stay of Sri Jagannatha – called Prasanna Mani and Prasanna Purusottama Dev because of He having been pleased to stay in this small principality – not only made Tigiria the most densely peopled amongst all the princely States, but also gave rise to unprecedented cultural activities in Tigiria.

During the resultant renaissance, Prince Jadunath @ Jadumani Tung Rai Singh amalgamated Alasa Nrutya of coastal Orissa with Tunga Nrutya, the martial folk dance promoted by his family and known by his family name, as to him this must have seemed a must for maintaining agility and complete physical fitness of his subjects as they were to have been kept ready to protect the Trinity from enemy attacks at anytime, when the techniques of war including training of war animals as well as development and use of advanced weaponry was provided with in his father Gopinath Tunga’s unique work on warfare, ‘Veera Sarvaswa’, he said.

This new form of dance, that Jadunath created by amalgamating Alasa and Tunga Nrutyas, was having no name, but was in practice in Tigiria.

Jadunath had codified the process of the dance in a scripture he had authored under the caption ‘Abhinaya Darpana Prakasha’, which according to Pandit Kedar Nath Mohapatra in Descriptive Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts of Orissa, was in vogue in Orissa as the grammar of the dance form now known as Odissi. But despite presence of this scripture, Odissi exponents are in dark about scriptural base of the dance, the classical status whereof they use to their benefit.

Kavichandra Kalicharan Pattanayak, whose singleminded endeavor finally fetched the national recognition of Odissi as a classical dance, had translated Abhinaya Darpana Prakasha into English with illuminating footnotes. Orissa Directorate of Culture had taken away all his manuscripts after his death for proper maintenance to facilitate their referral use. But sadly the same is no more available to scholars. This wrong must be corrected and Abhinaya Darpana Prakash be recognized as the scripture of Odissi and Tigiria its birthplace, said Sri Pattanayak, over and above many other aspects of Tigiria’s contribution to Orissan culture he dwelt upon.

The Best of Awards Ever Received

In response to the felicitation, Dr. Debi Prasanna Pattanayak said that he has been bestowed upon with various awards in the national and international level. But Tigiria Samman given to him by the soil of his birth, is certainly the best of awards ever received. He fondly recalled his childhood days and narrated how this land was a land of universal brotherhood. Those days are always desired, he said.

Sri Amulya Ratna Nanda recalled the romance of learning that teachers and classmates had generated, as he remembered Tigiria of his student days. Working life might have made him stay away, but the birthplace has remained always attractive. Therefore, Tigiria Samman would remain for him most cherished for ever, he said.

Sri Lalit Mohan Pattanayak recalled how unreserved cooperation of the people of Tigiria had helped him make his contributions to the world of sports in the region and inspired him to expand his interest into the scouts movement. The President Award that he got for the outstanding marks he made in Scouts was like a dream come true, but if, he said, there was anything to feel proud in that, he shared that pride with his villagers, because here in Tigiria, his priorities were shaped. He said that the youngsters must chase dreams of their own choice with social relevance so that a better world to live in would emerge. To him, no award was greater than the honor his birthplace gave him.

In his Presidential speech, Pranab Kishore Pattanayak informed that the Sanskruti Parisad would go on honoring illustrious children of Tigiria in the soil of their birthplace every year from now on.

Pujya Puja (honoring the worthy) is a major objective of the Parisad, said Advocate Bikram Keshari Dash, Secretary, in his report.

Advocate Surya Narayan Mohanty acted as the coordinator.

Amongst the eminent persons from different parts of Tigiria, present in the auditorium were: Bikram Pratap Singhdeo (2nd son of the King of Tigiria), Gopinath Dash (Retired Chief Engineer), Gobind Chandra Sahu (Retired Head Master), Naba Kishore Mishra, Gagan Bihari Pattanayak, Bijay Mohanty, Ramakant Panda, Durga Charan Das and Sushil Kumar Nanda. Advocate Pranakrushna Dash and Advocate Fani Bhusan Rath from Athgarh were also present.

Eligible for High School graduation, but financially disadvantaged eight students were given gift packets containing money towards their examination fees by Sri Pranakrishna Choudhury, Secretary of John Augustus Prison and Social Services, Athgarh, in course of the meeting. Sri Choudhury in a short speech apprised the audience of humane manners of Augustus.

The Parisad is a brainchild of former Rajyasabha member Subas Mohanty who witnessed the entire proceeding from the dais.

ATBN Advocates’ Association Celebrates Foundation Day

(Photos from Laxmi Prasad Pattanayak)

Advocates from the four Ex-States – Athgarh, Tigiria, Baramba and Narsingpur (ATBN) – belonging to Athgarh Sub-Division in the District of Cuttack, celebrated today the 17th foundation day of ATBN Advocates’ Association in the NALCO guest house auditorium at Bhubaneswar with F.B.Rath, its President, in chair.

Sarat Kumar Panda, President of Bhubaneswar Chapter of the Association, while welcoming and introducing the event, delivered the keynote address.

Advocates: Lalit Kumar Biswal, President of Narasingpur Bar Association, Surjyanarayana Mishra, President of Baramba Bar Association, Bikram Keshari Das, President of Tigiria Bar Association and Adwaita Charan Panda, senior advocate representing Athgarh Bar Association in absence of the President thereof gave views of their respective Bar Associations, when Sadayalaxmi Pattanayak, a Tigirian practicing in Orissa High Court, Jambeswara Das of Kandarpur, Athgarh, who heads the Cuttack Civil Bar Association and Banoj Kumar Pattanayak of Baramba, a High Court practitioner as well as Member of Orissa State Bar Council also addressed the conference.

The senior-most lawyer of Athgarh sub-division – Dhanurdhara Raut – was felicitated on this occasion. In his reply to the felicitation, he gave hint to now extinct Athgarh District created after independence.He recalled how Subhas Chandra Pattanayak of Tigiria, Pratap Chandra Pattanayak of Baramba and he together had initiated steps for its revival and urged upon the members of the Association to take up the issue.

Hemanta Kumar Das, eminent financial administrator and former member of Orissa Public Service Commission, addressing as Chief Guest, observed that in post independence India positive economic development has reduced poverty, but feeling of poverty generated generally by consumerism and specifically by neighbors’ envy has spread. This contradiction has been contributing to rising unrest in the country.

He eventually came to the current mass movement against corruption as led by Anna Hazare and even as he opined that Anna deserves support for his voice against corruption, the obstinacy he displays in the matter of constitution and scope of Jan Lokpal is counter productive inasmuch as no Prime Minister can function if every now and then he is to be dragged to a Lokpal. He emphasized on thus-far-and-no-more norm in agitations against administration, if a responsible democracy is to be built up and retained. He called upon the lawyers not to forget commitment to country in prosecuting and defending the under-trial persons in pursuit of financial gain and fame.

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak of orissamatters.com, who was the chief speaker, stressed on legal steps to revive the lost district of Narasingpur that was one of the eight districts created with Princely States after they merged with Orissa giving the State its present form. He gave vivid details of how the district was created and lost because of lust for power of a person, who taking advantage of being a minister in the interim government despite pre-merger public rejection at Athgarh and being influential because of grip on the highest circulated daily of the day published from Cuttack town, had caused obliteration of the Narasinghpur district by using the Government to reduced it to a subdivision under the district of Cuttack, so that, from his residence he can pull the strings through the Collector of Cuttack. It is time to revive the district as the people thereof have been drastically discriminated against when the rest of the seven districts created with the merged ex-states are in existence and are getting profuse amount of district development funds whereas annexed to a highly developed district like Cuttack, the most undeveloped four ex-states have been perishing due to lack of due development funding, he pointed out.

At the beginning of the meeting, the Association had paid silent standing respects to the mother of Sri Pattanayak, passed away on 16 December, along with obituary respects paid to member advocates living no more since its previous meeting.

In expressing deep gratitude for the kind gesture, Pattanayak described, how she had to endure unbearable terminal illness for several months with no hope of survival on the strength of medical science. He then urged upon the legal community to cogitate as to why should there not develop legal provisions , even through case-laws, to ensure final journey into peace with dignity for terminally ill, incurable and entirely atrophied old citizens instead of subjecting them to tormenting and barren treatments, squeezed ultimately into paranteral feed and bottled oxygen.

Emphasizing on evolution of humane face of law and elimination of judicial blunders that encourage wrongful prosecution, he cited the case of Mili Panda, who, despite quashing of cognizance against her in a lower court by Orissa High Court, is perishing in prisons under various pretexts. Hatred generated towards activism against exploitation is helping hijackers of public exchequer in accumulating massive wealth when maximum majority of Indians are being forced to thrive on distress sale of anything they have, including agro-products and offspring. The legal community, therefore, should consciously work for protection of pro-people elements from the dragnet of law misused in the guise of maintenance of law and order, he said.

He found similarity between the current anti-corruption drive by Anna Hazare and the one of 1977 led by J.P.Narain and observed that this drive would lead to no remedy exactly as the movement steered by JP had failed, because there is no agenda in it to change the country’s political economy from pro-rich to pro-society, from capitalism to socialsm. If right to equality is what is to be ensured by Law, then lawyers must act against political economy of inequality, he underlined.

Dev Narayan Pattanayak, Secretary of the Association proposed vote of thanks and the participants were given a lively musical treat.

Unuttered Yet Unanswered A Question of Late Asharani Pattanayak

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

My mother Asharani, the last daughter-in-law of Ex-State Tigiria’s last Rautroy (hereditary chief of the royal army till the State merged with India), the revered Late Jagabandhu Rautroy Pattanayak and wife of late Nishanatha Pattanayak, who despite being a member of a Mahatrana privileged family (hereditarily privileged to possess property without paying any royalty to the King), had given all the support for the Prajamandal Andolana (freedom movement of the inhabitants of Princely States), has breathed her last on the Hospital bed in the evening of 16 December 2011 at the age of 91. She succumbed to Gastric Adenocarcinoma, that had, by the time of diagnosis, after many weeks wasted in Kalinga Hospital without any relevant investigation, had spread into an incurable stage.

She was motherliness incarnate. She was simplicity incarnate. Aristocratic in mentality, she was most compassionate in reality.

All my childhood friends and all the children of our Sahi (neighborhood) were seeing in her the most concerned and affectionate mother that their experience could prompt them to comprehend and my childhood teachers who were coming to our house to teach me were also having the same feeling, as my revered teacher Sri Bira Kishore Mishra has told me several times.

She was a mother to all the labors that were working in our agricultural fields and engaged in household works. Never had it happened that a poor person had wanted any help from her, but was denied. As I remember my days in Tigiria, if a beggar was seemingly starving, she was not only giving alms, but also feeding him/her with utmost concern, care and affection.

Plants and animals in our compound and surrounding were one with her being always. The kindness and emotion with which they were being treated can be of seldom similarity elsewhere.

But she was of a typical Gadjati (paradigmatically highlander) personality that had, by birth, made her absolutely fearless and completely free of hypocrisy, and therefore, in her expression of appreciation or disapproval of any matter, she was honest, specific and sharp.

She was an early riser and a tireless user of time till retiring for the night. She had had no schooling, because the village Ganjara she was born to, (you may know of Ganjara from my poem first published in ‘Eureka‘ and compiled in my book on the anvil, ‘Ketebele Kemiti) had no school. A traditional Abadhan (Alphabet teacher) belonging to the astrologer caste had taught her up to the ability of reading Jagannatha Das’s Oriya Bhagavata and Sutra (formula) of basic arithmetic enough to keep accounts of domestic expenditures. But she had developed an enviable reading habit and whenever not busy in work in the home or garden, she was busy in reading poems, stories and Purans. Reading language newspapers every morning and watching Oriya news channels in every evening was one of her hobbies. But the highest of happiness she was having was in giving return gifts for every favor done to her by anybody at anytime. Even in Hospital bed, she had not given up this practice. Before she had become too shrunk to utter words, she had wanted me to give some lemons from our garden to a Doctor that had treated her quite kindly and had asked a nursing sister as to which fruit she likes most and knowing of her preference for mangos, she has given instruction to me and to my brothers to give her the best of mangoes from our garden, when the season comes.

Such and much more was my mother Asharani.

She gave a very brave fight against the pernicious disease. And, she endured the menacing pains sans any remission. Lest we in the family fall deep into worries, she was keeping her eyes closed while silently trying to suppress the tormenting aches that cancer was giving her. And, till her last moment, the dreaded disease that ate away her body, had failed to diminish her composure.

The Doctors knew that they cannot cure her. It was known that medical science cannot save her life. Yet, she was not led to peace, as the Laws of our land do not allow a terminally ill and incurable patient to die with dignity.

Her brooding about why this happens and her unuttered reaction that her tired glances were sending into my fingers had made me cry out on the screen of my iPhone on the corridors of the Hospital, in a state almost of abstraction.

I think to share one of such cries with you, because I feel, no terminally ill person of my mother’s age and condition should be compelled to suffer so severely for so many days till death terminates her breathe, when medical science pronouncedly fails to ensure a cure.

So, here is the poem – the reflection of my mother’s silent brooding – for you to cogitate her unuttered question and to speak out your mind, if you like, on whether or not there should be a Law to lead any incurable and terminally ill senior citizen to peace with dignity. The words may be mine, but mingling must be in them, the helpless cries of all the children bereft of the beloved parents in similar situations.

Let us rise above dogmas relating to life, in interest of dignity of life and on the basis of absolute love for the ones we love the most.

Here is the unuttered question:


You know you are not able to tackle my ailment
My limbs are age-eaten,
My veins are dry.
Yet for the drips you need a way!

For parenteral feed you have pierced all my veins;
Needles have ushered in thrombosis in them.
Yet you go on making more punctures ignoring my pain.
Do I not deserve to sleep in peace
Without the needles exploring
my veins in vain?

I have lived my life for ninety years
And contributed my might to the society of ours.

I have neither wished any ill to any nor harmed any in life,
A simple citizen I always am, a content housewife.

I do not know if my atrophy is caused by age
Or by the country in rich-man’s bondage,
Or by the country’s lack of concern for common man,
Or by the spurious medicines available under prescription.

All I know is I am ill beyond your curing capacity;
My question is:
Have I no right to be led into peace with dignity?

Why is it?

Attempt to Distort the History of Khandua is an Offense against Cultural Heritage, said Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Any attempt to distort history of Khandua must be condemned as an offense against cultural heritage, said eminent journalist and culture scholar Subhas Chandra Pattanayak in a mass meeting in Tigiria’s Nuapatana on September 22. Tigiria is Sri Pattanayak’s native place.

The meeting was held in evening to protest against recent attempts by a vested interest section of weavers of Maniabandh village belonging to the neighboring Tahsil of Baramba in the district of Cuttack to mislead the state about Khandua heritage.

Bhagirathi Nanda, President, Orissa Cooperative Tasar and Silk Federation Ltd (SERIFED) who on 7 July 2009 had apprised the Controller of Geographical Indication Registry of origin and development of Khandua in Nuapatana, conducted the meeting.

Sri Pattanayak quoted and analyzed various sources in which Nuapatana of Tigiria is recognized as the place of origin of Khandua. Recalling his childhood days he said, Maniabandh was known for manufacture of a peculiar pattern of Dhoti and Chadar Called Maniabandhi Joda. The only Sharee Maniabandh was producing was known in the locality as Chagla Sharee. Khandua was Nuapatana’s exclusive product.

Linking the history of Khandua to history of Sri Jagannatha, Sri Pattanayak recalled how Ramachandra Dev –ii, the Gajapati emperor of Orissa, in a court-order in 1641 Saka, had asked the King of Tigiria to prevail upon eight weaver-brothers of Tigiria (Nuapatana) to supply Khandua to Srimandira for use by Sri Jagannatha in lieu of which he had offered to appoint them as Patra Sevakas of the Lord. This being recorded by the Madala Panji is a conclusive proof of Khandua being manufactured only in Nuapatana in Orissa. As far back as on 18th September 1813, a list of cloths kept for use by Sri Jagannatha, Balabhadra and Subhdra was prepared by the British, Khandua mentioned in this list is noted as (Nua) Putnee Khandooa, There is no mention of Maniabandh in respect of Khandua in this list, said Sri Pattanayak.

Recalling his childhood memories, Sri Pattanayak disclosed how legendary artist Bibhuti Kanungo had stayed in Nuapatana in the house of Arjuna Subudhi for months together to learn the technique of Khandua weaving. Later as he transmitted that technique to Sambalpuri weavers, he was issued with a communication of appreciation by the central government.

Quoting sources he said, Khandua and Bandha Padavali textiles found in public museums in India and abroad so far are from Tigiria (Nuapatana) only; not from Maniabandh.

So, evidently, Nuapatana of Tigiria is the habitat of the creators of Khandua. It is an offense against history to claim originality in manufacturing of Khandua by weavers of any other locality, said Sri Pattanayak.


The evening of Guru Divas September 5 was dedicated by the people of Tigiria to the fond memories of their great teacher, Pundit Narayan Dash, who passed away on August 29.

The cream of intelligentsia was one with the common man in recalling how Pundit Das had contributed his best to development of modern education in the former Princely State.

The obituary meeting was convened by his student and former MP (Rajyasabha) Subhas Mohanty.

Journalist Subhas Chandra Pattanayak, his student, presided over the event.

In the podium, others present were his childhood friend, Advocate Prafulla Kumar Mishra, his student, Advocate Adwaita Charan Panda and his colleague for a period, advocate Prana Krushna Dash. Social activist Pranab Kumar Pattanayak initiated the obituary.

The meeting was held in the Hall of P.M.Vidyapitha, the first High School of Tigiria of which Pundit Dash was one of the founder teachers. His devotion to teaching and his uncommon commitment to transform the School to a man making institution and his contributions to making the School a center of social relevance was held by one and all as unique.

Surya Narayan Mohanty(Advocate), Prasanta Kumar Pattanayak (Advocate), Subodh Chandra Pattanayak(Educationist), Lalita Krushna Das (Advocate), Lokanath Sahu (Businessman), Prafulla Kumar Maharana (Educationist), Mayadhar Sahu, Sushil Kumar Nanda (Social activist), Rabi Narayan Panda (Educationist), Trilochan Mishra ((Cooperative movement), Bijay Kumar Raut Educationist), Bikram Keshari Dash (Advocate), Jagabandhu Tunga Samanta (Culture activist), Girija Pattanayak (Social activist), Shankarshan Mohanty (Advocate), Rabindra Kumar Behera (Educationist)and Aniruddha Raut (former Teacher and Agriculturist) also paid their obituary respects. All who offered their obituary respects were one in recalling how a matchless epitome of humane character was Pundit Dash. He was an unique teacher who had never been harsh to any student, but in whom every student was seeing his source of inspiration, they said.