CHHADAKHAI in views of Harekrushna Pattanayak

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

The Buddhist Tantric concept of well-being ‘Panchatattwa’ – Madya, Mansa, Matsya, Mudra, Maithuna – was banned under Hindu fanatic concept of ‘Panchuka’, converting the last five days of ‘Karttika’, the month of Buddhist Sadhavas, to a period of penance, in order to completely extinguish the Buddhist influence over the people of Orissa. Baffling, therefore, is the orgy of fish/meat eating by the very same practitioners of penance on the day immediately following the ‘Panchuka’.

My younger brother Harekrushna Pattanayak, in one of his poems published in his compilation ‘Niraba Pratikriya’ (Silent Reaction) has come down heavily on this cultural hypocrisy. The poem is captioned – Chhadakhai Chhada. It is in Oriya language and, as the occasion is purely an Oriya one, my esteemed visitors belonging to Orissa, may peruse it.

 

 

 

 

Chhadakhai Chhada by Harekrushna Pattanayakchhadakhai...2

Modi’s Goebbels fought shy of seeking why polarization is on religious line

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

If political parties are as popular as they claim, why are they polarizing on religious line? Modi’s Goebbels was engaging viewers with this question on Times Now last evening. The verbal acrobatics, however, were far from seeking the answer.

If one tries to find out the answer, he/she may reach the religions. Religion puts people to opiumism that makes them too inane to oppose exploitation.

The rabid proponents of the system of exploitation that are seeking mandate are afraid of admitting that political economy of capitalism practiced and promulgated by Manmohan Singh has ruined India; because, thereby, they shall be attacking their own political economy.

Therefore, they are using religions to their benefit by obfuscating the voters and are trying to gain from the majority community in India by polarizing them on communal lines.

Communalism is the other name of religious opiumism caused by religious fanaticism and so, agents of capitalism, after capitalism as a political economy is showing symptoms of its failure all over the world, are not electioneering on issues of political economy; but have been using communalism as the main medium of vote-catching in Indian Elections 2014.

Since when fellows with more physical prowess and wild avarice started exploiting the weaker ones, religions are grown and used as shock-absorbers in their vehicles of tyranny. Even intellectual endeavors in Puranic days to save the human society from the mischief of religions have been overturned by agents of the exploiters.

Geeta a Victim of Religious Notoriety

As for example, umpteen attempts are made in India to convert Geeta into a religious canon, because herein alone, for the first time, a clarion call was given for discarding all the religions.

“Sarva Dharman Parityajya” (After discarding all religions) “Mamekam Sharanam Braja” (come only to my refuge), says the author Vyasa in the lips of his main character Sri Krushna in his epic ‘Mahabharata’.

The word ‘Mamekam’ (me alone) was elaborated in projecting ‘Vishwroopa’ (concise form of universe) of Sri Krushna. Arjuna saw the entire Vishwa in concise form in the body of Sri Krushna and, finally, stayed content in the human form of Sri Krushna. This indicates that in Geeta, by saying “Mamekam Sharanam Braja” Sri Krushna, in general the concise form of the universe, had been defined as human society in particular, in interest of which, all religions were required to be discarded.

This concise form of Universe/human society was further refined into the concept of unity of the people when the Devi defined herself as united form of the nation (“Aham Rastri Sangamani”) after showing her Vishwaroopa too.
And the concept was fully projected in Kali, the assaultive flame of awakening, arising out of the dormant society lying like a Shava (corpse) and with that awakening, the Shava becomes Shiva (destroyer of demons). Shiva in Indian mythology is also the last of the Trinity (Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva) regarded as the final arbitrator in whom all the Gods find their refuge. So, in mythological perception, Shiva is amalgamation of all religions. This indicates that Kali puts all the religions down at her feet and rises as the assaultive flame of people’s wrath against tyranny. So she also symbolizes that, when determination of the people to destroy the tyrants becomes aggressively active, it is necessary to discard the religions to dust of the soil, so that human society as a whole shall benefit.

So, Sri Krushna in concise form of Universe is the same as Kali in the age of mass awakening (“Kalou Kali, Kalou Krushna, Kalou Gopala Kalika: Tara Rahasya).

Sri Jagannatha (Lord of the Universe), regarded also as Sri Krushna, is, therefore, worshipped as Kali in His citadel at Puri (“Niladrou Sri Jagannatha Sakshat Dakshina Kalika”). So, Sri Krushna is, like Kali, conceived as eliminator of tyranny and its offshoots –the religions – to safeguard the interests of the exploited peoples. In other words, he symbolizes the collective conscious awakening of the exploited people of the world and their assaultive prowess. His views were clear: Religions are the obstacles to emancipation, discard them in entirety. Getting extricated from religions, the proletariat must fight against the exploiters, he had emphasized.

Paragon of revolutionary progressivism, Sri Krushna of Vyasa had called upon the proletariat (landless Pandavas) to fight against the land swindlers (Kauravas) as that fight only can give them emancipation (“Hato ba prapsyase swargam, jitwa ba bhogyase mahim, Tasmaddutistha Kaunteya yuddhaya krutanishchaya”). But religious taboos were hindering the progress, besides being factors of disunity of the have-nots, which was making them too pusillanimous to fight against the tyrants. Therefore, the call was given in Geeta to discard all religions. But religion being the vehicle of exploitation, attempts to transform Geeta into a religious canon has been made by the practitioners of religions.

World’s Parliament of Religions was aimed at foiling May Day impact

In modern time, we see how religions were used by the Industries to foil the effect of May Day.

May Day, celebrated as the International Workers Day, has its origin in Chicago of USA where workers in strike for their right to rest and reduction of working hours to eight hours a day, were subjected to State terror that brutally extinguished innocent workers through bullets and gallows to please the exploitive private industries and avaricious owners of means of productions.

At Chicago’s Haymarket Square, on May 4, 1886, to serve the interests of the private empires of exploitation, the Police had pounced upon the workers to disperse their peaceful rally. And the exploiters used an agent provocateur to throw a dynamite bomb at the police in order to precipitate the situation for gunfire from the police to extinguish the leading lights of the labor movement.

The exploiters-police nasty nexus, having caused the mayhem, known as Haymarket massacre, had tried to terrorize the awoken working class by using the judicial system. Eight of the labor leaders were convicted with one of them given imprisonment for 15 years and the rest sentenced to death. This judgment was delivered and enforced despite the fact that the prosecution had blatantly failed to prove who of them had thrown the bomb. In fact, none of the convicted had thrown the bomb as evidence on records had shown. Yet, four of the seven death row convicts were hanged on November 11, 1887 while two were saved from gallows as Governor Richard J. Oglesby of Illinois had commuted their death sentences to life imprisonment; one had died in the prison. People had continued their protests against the exploiters-police- Judiciary nexus when a new Governor of Illinois John Peter Altgeld had to condemn the wrong done to the workers through the stage-managed trial, for which, he had pardoned the surviving ones in 1893. By this year – 1893 – Chicago had become a seat of the working class consciousness that the exploitive class was no more able to face.

As the exploiters were eager to extinguish the fire of class consciousness of the workers, religion was the only way they found congenial to their design. So, to get a monumental audience easily for their purpose, they convened a World’s Parliament of Religions in Chicago, when the city was agog to have the World Columbian Exposition in 1893. Swami Vivekananda had joined this Parliament projected as representative of the Hindus and contributed his might to protection of the exploiter class through religious jargons. His speech was found so suitable to the exploiters that he was encouraged to continue preaching Vedanta, the philosophy that aims at making the people acquiesce into the system of exploitation in the name of God, as thereby only, emancipation would be achieved, if not in life-time, in the next birth.

The working class uprising against restless exploitation in Chicago that gave birth to the May Day, which the world observes as the International Workers Day, discernibly dwindled after that Parliament of Religions held in 1893, the year which had found the Governor of the State, as noted supra, condemning the wrongful trial of workers following Haymarket massacre.

The technique of suppressing working class consciousness is used by the exploiters always under the guise of religion.

Chanakya Method

Chanakya, the author of the Arthasastra (canon of political economy) had advised the kings, that, if any of them desires to expand his territory, he should depute his trusted ministers to the targeted area to generate amongst the inhabitants thereof a strong faith in a God while linking the same God to himself to cultivate their faith also in him. Once confidence in a God grows, self-confidence would recede and there should be no difficulty in grabbing their land, because people lacking in self-confidence would never stay strong enough to give a battle to protect their territory; even as they will not hesitate to go against their own king in support of the king they believe to be the man of their God, Chanakya had elaborated.

And India has witnessed how territories were subjected to fierce battles in the name of different Gods, projected as presiding deities of the quarreling kingdoms. Subjects of the kings were worshiping them as incarnation of the Gods they worship and tolerating horrific tyranny of the kings and their officers, because of the fear that the God would be dissatisfied if His incarnation- the king – and his acolytes are resented to. So, faith syndrome makes the tortured people too pusillanimous to revolt against oppression and exploitation. This is ensured by religions.

Thus Chicago was chosen

Therefore, the same Chicago, where workers were massacred by the rich owners of industries by using the State’s Police and Judiciary, as the workers were demanding for recognition of their right to rest, the World’s Parliament of Religions was willfully organized in 1893.

Religions were used to foil the instant impact of workers’ awakening and their supreme sacrifice that Haymarket had witnessed.

Satya Yug Ayega, Sab Thik Ho Yayega

The then Government of Orissa had put me in Jail in August 1983 as a preventive measure when the Communist Party of india had given a call for Bharat Bandh against pernicious rise in prices of essential commodities. Despite all sorts of oppressive steps taken against Communist activists all over the country, whole of India had responded to the call like never before and the Bandh was observed even in places where Communist influence was not that defined. This unmistakable rise of the masses against price rise had sent such shock waves that the profiteers and hoarders and their agents in political as well as executive governments both in the Center and the States were stunned.

However, on release from jail after a week, as I was waiting at Khuntuni of Athgarh for a public bus to proceed to Cuttack, four persons with buckets of colors and sprayers and brushes alighted from a car and proceeded to the nearby ‘bus-stoppage-shade’. They sprayed white color on the side-walls of the shade to cover whatever was written there earlier. As the white color dried up, they wrote “Satya Yuga Ayega, Sab Thik Ho Jayega, Jay Guru Paramatmaka” (Good days will come, every problem would be solved, Glory to Guru Paramatma). Onlookers read the apparently innocent lines and nodded in approval. “Yes, unless Satya Yuga comes, our misfortune won’t end” they were murmuring.

Everywhere in Orissa the same display was painted by the said hired artists and while going to Bhopal after a month, I had seen the same painting up to Bina at rail side vintage points and on road sides from Bina to Bhopal and in Bhopal Township too.

Who were those painters? Who had funded them to write this particular set of message? And why?

After many months, when I was in the chamber of a lawyer friend, I found him giving advice to a delegate of a business chamber to settle the issue mutually as otherwise, once the matter reaches the Court, it would be embarrassing to them.

I gathered that the said business chamber had engaged the painters mentioned above to write the above message as a part of the chamber’s campaign to erase the effect of the CPI led Bharat Bandh against price rise. But as the painters had not been paid with the promised amount, they had preferred a dispute, which the Chamber’s lawyer was trying to settle through compromise.

In fact, within a short time of writing of this message, I had observed how the effect of the Bharat bandh against pernicious price rise had evaporated. People had relapsed into the previous state of non-agitation believing that “Satya Yuga Ayega, Sab Thik Ho Yaega” under the grace of “Guru Paramatma”.

People of India are discernibly condemning Manmohan Singh for his wrong economic policies that has ruined India and, particularly, for his inaction against price rise. But the man who asserts to replace him in the top post is leading his campaign on the basis of religion, as he has no other political economy than that of Manmohan Singh.

Irrespective of which party bags how much votes, the people will continue to suffer as long as religions are allowed to keep them too opiated to believe “Satya Yuga Ayega, Sab Thik Ho Jayega”.

Modi’s Goebbels, as expected, keeps mum on this.

Neither there was, nor there is, any real Freedom of Speech and Expression in Theocratically Backward Orissa:AMOFOI on Free Speech Day

Forty one years ago, on August 2, 1971, the High Court of Orissa had issued a judicial writ to the Government to stop prosecuting a new entrant to Orissa Education Service, B. Ramachandra for criticizing a Government policy in a newspaper, as to the Court, the nature and character of the decision of the Government would improve, only if Government servants are allowed to criticize it.

Ramachandra was facing prosecution for having contravened Rule 6(ii) and Rule 7(i) of Orissa Government Servants Conduct Rules, 1959 that prohibit publication of articles by Government servants criticizing the Government. The High Court, in quashing the prosecution against him, had also declared the said Rules “void”.

It was a day of victory for freedom of speech.

But alas! the Government of Orissa has not yet withdrawn the said two Rules and the Government servants are yet kept suppressed and intimidated in matter of sharing their informed views with the public as a result of which the Government is often taking wrong steps without knowing where its shoes pinch.

Therefore, AMOFOI, the ‘anti-caste marriage and one-child family organization of India, founded by Ramachandra, has resolved to observe August 2 as ‘Free Speech Day’ every year as celebration of the judicial writ and in order to mount pressure on the Government to amend itself in term of the said judicial writ.

Prof. Biswaranjan

This new campaign for free speech was launched on August 2, 2012 at the State Information Center (Jaya Dev Bhawan) Bhubaneswar under Presidentship of Prof. Biswaranjan. He held that every act of suppression of Government servants’ right to expression by using the rigors of Rules is nothing but indication to what extent administration is inflicted with malfunction. Whichever Government knows that it cannot give good governance, prefers to silence its employees by curbing their right to expression through creation and imposition of restrictive laws. Miles to go; yet initiation of observation of the ‘Free Speech Day’ is the best beginning in this regard he said.

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Representative-in-chief of orissamatters.com Subhas Chandra Pattanayak was the guest of honor-cum-chief guest. He lauded AMOFOI for its decision to observe August 2 as Free Speech Day as free speech is the strongest weapon to defeat plutocracy that has taken over India through political treachery.

Chittaranjan Nanda

Advocate Chittaraanjan Nanda, a senior practitioner in Orissa High Court was the guest of honor, who gave an account of evolution of right to information from the right to freedom of speech and observed that the government has erred in not having dropped the restrictive provisions from the Conduct Rules by way of amendment, in view of the 1971 decision of the High Court.

Dr. Shashikant Acharya

Dr. Shashikant Acharya, Ex-Professor in Mechanical Engineering in REC, Rourkela, pointed out how the rational thinking contributes to free speech too. A government that do not discourage people’s mad rush into grip of blind beliefs cannot encourage free speech, he warned.

Dr. Bijayanand Kar

Dr. Bijayanand Kar, retired professor of Philosophy, Utkal University, strongly supported the free-speech-campaign, as to him any restriction on expression is anathema to evolution of society that human beings always dream for.

When John Omprakash, President of AMOFOI had welcomed the seminar, educationist Ms.Swapna Bijayini proposed the vote of thanks.

We place below the key-note address given by Prof. B.Ramachandra CST Voltaire, founder secretary of AMOFOI on whose case the Orissa High Court had issued the landmark order .

Prof. B.Ramachandra CST Voltaire

Lord Jagannath of Puri with his clones and other deities in each and every village of Orissa are being used to perpetuate caste system and social exploitation in the name of religion and thus a great obstacle to free thinking and free expression, despite advancement in technological modernity. Because of this theocratic backwardness, neither there was nor there is freedom of speech and expression in Orissa.

Freedom of speech is the essence of all that the best of thinking minds have prescribed for human society of the world.

Even as Tagore’s famous words in this respect were, “Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high; where knowledge is free, …….. into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake”, the utilitarian thinker J . S. Mill’s work ‘On Liberty’ says, “If all mankind minus one, were of one opinion, and only one person were of the contrary opinion, mankind would no more be justified in silencing that one person, than if he had the power, would be justified in silencing mankind”. When Bertrand Russell said, “Do not use power to suppress opinions you think pernicious, for if you do, the opinions will suppress you”, Voltaire championed free speech in the following words: “I do not agree a word of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it”.

The High Court of Orissa had issued a writ of this wisdom, in the case of B. Ramachandra, in 1971, by declaring “void” the Rules that restricted freedom of expression of government servants; but sad, the governments that have ruled over the State since then, have not complied with the High Court order. To campaign for its implementation, the Free Speech Day may lay the foundation.

IS THERE ANY GODMAN WHO IS NOT A DEVIL?

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Swami Nityananda, a self-styled Godman, a swindler and a sex-offender in the eyes of prosecution, enlarged on bail last year in trial for crimes including rape, is hiding when the Karnataka Police is chasing after him on recent orders of the Chief Minister to take him into custody on fresh allegation of crime and after his pet goons assaulted the reporters querying about his alleged refusal to accept court summons on charges of sexual abuse raised newly by one of his victims, a woman belonging to USA.

The criminals are using bails as their freedom to commit further crimes as the courts are not binding them to prove themselves innocent within a stipulated period. By wrongful interpretation of bail, the courts are helping criminals to hoodwink the law and to stay free to play further havoc upon the society.

It is absolutely wrong to assume that everybody is innocent until proved guilty. Judiciary from bottom to top is addicted to this wrong. Therefore, the criminals are misusing bails to their own advantage.

It is not that the bail granting judge considers the accused not guilty.

The cognizance of the case against the accused is by itself indicative of acceptance of the alleged offense as true until proved otherwise.

So, the accused, granted bail, is an offender until proved innocent.

In other words, the judge holds the accused prima facie guilty; but honoring human rights, grants him time to prove himself not guilty.

This is the concept of bail.

Therefore, every bail needs be time-bound with stipulation that the accused must prove his/her innocence within the period of bail, failing which the court should simply pronounce the punishment, provided for the offense under the penal codes.

But judiciary is not doing it. As a result of which, judges are continuing to make farce of their power to grant bails; crimes are spreading and criminals are not being properly punished and the society is not being free from the grips of the offenders, the shrewd Sri Sris, the avaricious Babas, the spiritual looking mafias, the Gurus and the Godmen.

Had the so-called Godman Nityananda not been enlarged on bail or had his bail been time-bound and had he been required to prove his innocence within the boundary of that time, he might have already been punished for the crimes he is charged with or the cause of seeing in him a menace might have been removed.

But going through the Nityananda episode one does not feel like seeing something exceptional in the self-styled Godman.

In the country of the Sathya Sais, of Jayendra Saraswatis, of Chandraswamies, of Krupalus, of Thakurs, of Dadas, of Didis, of Dhirendra Brahmacharies, of Nirmal Babas and the likes, who of the so-called Godmen is not a devil?

Away from the Eurocentric Lens

For the first time in our history the entire country has expressed advance support to a verdict yet to be delivered.

It is the verdict of the Allahabad High Court that its Lucknow Bench will delver after a few hours on the disputed point of Ayodhya.

Leaders of rival religions are one in opinion to honor the verdict. It is clear for the moment that concern for human beings beyond boundaries of religions has woken up our conscience. This new awakening can give birth to a new epoch of peace if political pollution is not allowed to mar it in India and Pakistan.

There are individuals and institutions that have consistently worked for awakening of conscience against political enmity amongst people on the issue of religion. Saswat Pattanayak is one of them.

While awaiting the verdict that all the right thinking Indians have supported to in advance in endorsement of all the endeavors to promote unity of the people over religious disunity, I am reproducing below for the readers of these pages Saswat Pattanayak’s brilliant deliberation in saswat.com that was originally written for Kindle Magazine’s Round Table 2010.

India, Pakistan :: The Way Forward

By Saswat Pattanayak

“No, I didn’t love my country, if pointing out what is unjust in what we love amounts to not loving, if insisting that what we love should measure up to the finest image we have of her amounts to not loving.” – Albert Camus

In professing love for their respective countries, politicians from both India and Pakistan have established a woeful yardstick. Their barometer of patriotism involves maneuvered acquisitions, militarist occupations and immoral propaganda. In direct breach of peoples’ trust, beliefs, and needs, the nations have emerged as more powerful than their citizens, the administrative servants are now masters of the enslaved population – their phony diplomatic rounds and gimmicky bus trips devoid of sincere attempts to restore peace. The warmongers on both sides are pretending to be the peaceniks while their chief accomplices dictate from Washington DC. Macabre series of political doublespeak take pretentiousness to newer heights as innocent civilians die of curfews, poverty and abject violations of basic human rights.

India-Pakistan peace talks are deliberately redundant and more importantly, oxymoronically misleading. Quite simply, they are not talks between the peaceful citizens of India and Pakistan. In vastly oppressive lands, where intelligence of the masses are routinely undermined by overworking propaganda machines, few bureaucrats and politicians suddenly declare themselves qualified to resolve the problems they are more keen on sustaining. The perpetrators of human rights violations dress up for pretentious occasions to address human rights. The nuclear weapons lovers get together amidst fancy entourage of hawkish sycophants to affirm their love for peaceful coexistence. Nefarious land-grabbers imposing curfews to institute order upon daily wage workers invite each other over to redefine peoples’ sovereignty. Religious zealots remarkable for their abilities to trample upon minorities on both sides exchange their self-proclaimed secular credentials. And living upto the expectations of such meaningless diatribes masquerading as dialogues, the so-called Indo-Pak talks predictably fail, each time, every time.

In latest episode of this reality television show, Indian Home Secretary GK Pillai declares that Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) was responsible for the 2008 Mumbai blasts. Pillai chooses to spit his venoms on eve of the much touted foreign ministry-level talks at Islamabad. The first attempt at a dialogue following Mumbai blasts is murdered even before its potentials are explored. Pakistani officials find legitimate excuse to hold press meets to denounce Indian motives, and Indian officials cry a river over lack of coordination between home ministry and external affairs ministry. Media on both sides indulge in juicy headlines on how SM Krishna, Indian Minister for External Affairs, was now less of a man, and create investigative reports based on conspiracy theories – the bestselling one describes Pillai helping ISI and Lashkar-e-Toiba (LET) by divulging details of Deavid Headley’s interrogations. Certified patriots earning headlines is always a win-win situation, talks or no talks.

The Genesis

A win-win situation for politicians and the press demands heedful observations. Tacit supports for opportunistic statecraft have been prevailing from the fateful days of 1947. If India and Pakistan were meant to harmoniously coexist, there were hardly any needs for partitions. Divisions of lands and peoples as a condition for independence were mutual agreements between political elites to ensure power sharing. The grand visions associated with the great Indian freedom struggle had simply nothing to do with the final decisions of the former colonial masters. Post-partition, it was not the biggest migration in world history. It was simply the biggest fraud committed upon the aspirations of the largest mass movement against colonialism.

When the freedom struggle against the British was waged by oppressed people across religions, languages and diverse cultures, it should have been equally inconceivable to negotiate on the desirable prospects, if the independence were to be attained. Instead, egotist, albeit, towering personalities took it on their stride to determine what was appropriate for their power aspirations and silently awaited orders from the masters to proceed on a criminally divisive geopolitical map.

If we are not used to question the intent of the partition process that resulted in India and Pakistan, it is because the people of both countries are systematically instructed to confuse mutual hatred with patriotism. It is because for generations we are instructed to glorify the foundations of our respective ‘free’ nations that are primary causes of the largest massacres across religious lines. Instead of questioning the roots of Indo-Pak divisions that were orchestrated in the most brutally inhuman manner so that we can address them afresh in changing times, we are brainwashed into embracing an intolerant, schismatic normative.

If India and Pakistan are constitutionally devoid of mutual love, it is because they were never meant to be in love, to begin with. Despite claims to the contrary, the partition was not a historical necessity; it resulted from power greeds and quests for personal fames. Maulana Azad writes in ‘India Wins Freedom’ : “Patel was an even greater supporter of the two nation theory than Jinnah. Jinnah may have raised the flag of partition, but the real flag bearer was Patel….Patel said whether we liked it or not, there were two nations in India. He was convinced that Muslims and Hindus could not be united into one nation. There was no alternative except to recognize this fact. In this way alone could we end the quarrel between Hindus and Muslims. He further said that if two brother cannot stay together, they divide. After separation with their respective shares, they become friends. If on the other they are forced to stay together, they tend to fight every day. It was better to have one clean fight and then separate than have bickering every day….”

And yet Sardar Patel, who demonstrably dismissed the apprehensions of Nehru regarding murders of Muslims in Delhi following partition demands, was made the Home Minister after India had immortalized Mountbatten’s claim to fame as the granter of freedom. Our first president Dr Rajendra Prasad whom we glorify as a pacifist took the lead in dividing Indian Army on religious lines. He said “if India was divided into two States, a unified Army should not and could not continue for a day.” When thousands of innocent people were killed over partition declaration, the Army stood helplessly, and when required, took part in the mayhem. The chief architects of newly devised State of India were also the men with a mission – to keep India and Pakistan separate through infusion of mutual hatred, not harmony.

With personality cults sketching Indian destiny, redefining what constitutes unity and sovereignty, declaring with authority that transfer of power from the white elite skins to the brown elite ones was legitimate enough a reason to stop imagining further, all freedom movements have come to a standstill. If the Germans want to reunify, let them. If Koreans continue to assault each other following divisions, let them. If millions of people are refugees in their own lands, let them be. We shall never reconsider uniting with our brothers and sisters. To vulgarize Kipling further, “Oh, India is India, and Pakistan is Pakistan, and never the two shall meet.”

Status Quo

What mentality drives the people to cheer for their former colonial masters when England goes to play cricket, and yet, declares people unpatriotic if anyone were to cheer for the “rival” Pakistan or Indian team? How is it that over a billion people on earth have forgiven their slave masters for universally denounced racist crimes, and yet cannot forgive each other for crimes they never intended to commit on their own? How is it that even as we claim to discredit colonial rule, we carry out its principal legacy of divide-and-rule policies, even after demise of the Empire?

Something does stink here. Perhaps our ruling classes thrive on power by wielding the tools of the former masters. Despite the conditions of destitute that put the entire humanity to shame, if India and Pakistan have not seen revolutionary movements of the oppressed succeed against their consolidated domestic powers, it is because both the countries have developed excellent defense mechanisms. Of course, the people are poor, because we need the budget to support military needs. In face of the aggrandized Arms Race that rivals Israeli and American aspirations, both India and Pakistan regimes have managed to convince their hopelessly desperate voters that security needs are stronger than food requirements. Even as recent studies indicate that majority of poor people of the world live in South Asia, and that, more poor people with greater intensity of deprivation reside in Indian states than in 26 poorest countries of Africa, we have decided it is wiser to invest in the Nuclear Club membership than to improve mutual trade relations among India and Pakistan.

It is easier to rule over people when they are scared. And to keep them scared, it is necessary to keep reinventing an enemy. Both Indian and Pakistani politicians have mastered this skill to perfection. Since they must maintain their hierarchical rule, why not also continue to make enormous profits while at it? Arms race is big business, military budgets largely unaudited, and people fooled into silly patriotic games through snazzy naming of deadly weapons. From India’s acquisition of Vampire jet fighter in 1948 and Pakistan’s Attacker in 1950, much has changed since. Weapons are named as Toofani, Milan, Cobra, Nilgiri, Khukri, Rajput, Godavari, Ghazi, Ghauri, Shaheen, Magar, Vikrant, Natya, Prithvi, Dhanush, Agni, Shaurya, Brahmos, Nirbhay, Trishul, Akash and have predictably gained acceptance into a psychologically numbed landscape of war imaginings.

Just as arms race status quo is maintained in the name of protecting the external borders, domestically, politicians from both nations have resorted to gross human rights violations tactics to maintain power of force. Invoking President’s Rules, Military Orders and civilian Curfews, the ruling powers suppress any popular resentments in a timely fashion. In the latest of attacks upon civil liberties, charges of treason are being introduced against journalists who air dissenting views. Whether or not Pakistani singers/actors will perform in India and vice versa, is now being left to the whims of political goons who have no stake or knowledge about nature and scope of performance arts. The very people who are most responsible for widespread corruptions coupled with lack of basic standards of living are at the helm of affairs to decide on the well-being of the dispossessed masses. People who make a living from planting seeds of hatred are the ones addressing press conferences on needs for peaceful dialogues. Until their status quo is questioned, and their obsessions with controlling the people are addressed, no peace talks will ever look transparent, let alone viable. It is imperative to admit that, be it the renowned Ghulam Ali or the lesser known fruit seller from Kashmir, every citizen deserves to be heard; every resident requires an effective platform where not just votes for the system, but also votes against the existing political frameworks can be exercised.

Way Forward

Stifling voices of the people is the biggest crime on part of any State. Ironically, in committing the crime – while suppressing certain dissenters – both Indian and Pakistani administrators claim to be resolving problems. Kashmir is the biggest testament. For over six decades now, the Kashmiris have refused to take sides and have instead prepared themselves to any eventualities. Their demands for autonomy are neither unjust nor untimely. In fact, true implementation of Article 370 would grant them as much. The Report of the State Autonomy Committee (SAC) has been advocating for “a series of constitutional and legislative measures to restore the political autonomy that Jammu and Kashmir was guaranteed at the time of its accession”. Rivaling it is the Report of the Regional Autonomy Commission (RAC), which represents the Hindu right-wing sponsored by US-based Kashmir Study Group and it seeks to restructure the State along dangerously divisive lines – “by creating eight new artificial units expressing adherence to the communal principle”.

It should not be much of a guess as to how we deal with Jammu & Kashmir – the gordian knot when it comes to Indo-Pak talks. It is high time for Republic of India to acknowledge that human rights issues are international issues. Kashmir is soon emerging as the next Palestine. Refusal to acknowledge the crisis is not prudent, nor acceptable. Indian military exploits in Kashmir simply do not get absolved by replacing them with “terrorism in Mumbai” charges against Pakistan – a country that has way more victims of terror than India (170 died in Mumbai blasts – a number that’s monthly statistic for Pakistani deaths from terrorism attacks).

India needs to recognize that majority of Kashmiris are sick and tired of Indian Army deployment there. Killing of young boys (as happened in this Summer) is not going to improve its reputation. In a classic instance recently, when the corpse of 17-year-old Muzaffar Ahmad Bhat was found, the official version that he had jumped into a stream to escape Indian security forces was denounced. There were torture marks on his head and neck, and the doctors declared after post-mortem that he was killed by the security forces. No sooner than people took the body in a procession that Indian CRPF men fired at them and killed their first victim, 35-year-old Fayaz Ahmad. Several others, including 18-year-old Abrar Ahmad Khan, were also shot dead by the police. These are also instances of terrorism, and are no different just because they are committed by the State. Around the same time, this July in Pakistan, extremist Deobandis of Sipah-e-Sahaba attacked Data Darbar, the sacred shrine of Sufi scholar Hazrat Data Ganj Bakhsh Ali Hajveri. 42 worshippers who died belonged to Berelvi sect (Sunni Muslims following tenets of Sufism).

Politicians need to look at the complexities of terrorism levels to convey a clear message that both Hindu and Islamic terrorism are results of sectarian fanaticism without mainstream supports. Terrorism must be discussed in details, but so also should Kashmir – the largest victim of terrorism. Kashmir crisis does not get solved by nationalistic assumptions of unity and sovereignty. And it certainly does not get addressed by being ignored at high-level peace talks. In fact, quite the contrary. The more transparent, both India and Pakistan are regarding their role in maneuvering Kashmir situation, the sooner are the peace talks going to actually embrace peace.

Like the Kashmir issue, India-Pakistan talks require “autonomous” handling. We need to identify pacifists and citizens who can take “government” out of context while reinitiating dialogue. Unlike a debate, a dialogue process is not about who wins, it is about empathetic understanding. Unless military controls are undermined, economic independence are encouraged and religious fanaticisms are legally suspended, all talks about Indo-Pak future are merely showy and expensively dispensable.

A new dialogue about India and Pakistan require new imaginations. A federal reunification manifesto with autonomous rights to both nation-states is not as dangerous a proposal as the original partition sketch. A mutual agreement for complete disarmament between India and Pakistan is not likely to be as unfriendly a conversation as the surreptitious nature of warmongering going on for decades. An increase in fair trade agreements between both the neighbors with an aim to benefit both economies is definitely more desirable for the entire subcontinent, than seeking out the first world powers as primary business partners who have traditionally monopolized over our collective resources through employment of deceptive means.

Finally, a new dialogue requires preparation for the societies to question the historical assumptions through rigorous examining of the true knowledge of our peoples’ history. We have been renaming the cities to reflect our anti-colonial stance based on half-baked history textbook lessons. A progressive people’s history would have taught us to fully implement our aversion towards colonial legacies and thereby reclaim our Pakistani brothers and sisters, as our own, as much as open ourselves to their fold. It is essential to conceptualize India and Pakistan away from the Eurocentric lens. If our patriotism must be about loving our countries, as Pablo Casals once said, it must not stop at the borders.

ACTIVE PRACTICE OF RELIGION AND UNLIMITED ACCUMULATION OF PROPERTY IN PRIVATE HANDS SHOULD BE BANNED, SAYS SCP

A blatant ban on active practice of religion is most urgent as otherwise the country can never be saved from the worst of unrest, warned eminent scribe and social activist Subhas Chandra Pattanayak at Athgarh on January 12 while addressing as the Chief Guest a congregation of politicians, academicians, advocates, students and youth on occasion of the National Youth Day dedicated to Swami Vivekanand.

Strongly disapproving the way religious revivalists have endangered Indian society by using conversion and counter-conversion as their weapons, Sri Pattanayak lauded the landmark contributions of Vivekanand to lessening of venoms of religions by spreading his mentor Ramakrishna Paramahans’ dictum that no religion is better than the other.

He regretted that the Hindu religious fundamentalists are using Vivekanand as their icon through misinterpretation of his words and speeches though his stress on co-ordination of all religions is indicative of his conscious endeavor to free religions of their respective venomous fundamentality.

Elaborating his observation, Sri Pattanayak clarified that fundamentality besides being the basis of peculiarity of every religion is the chain with which the preachers keep their respective followers bonded. Emphasis on co-ordination of all religions means emphasis on removal of all the streaks of fundamentality from all the religions, which Vivekanand had tactfully undertaken, he said.

But, he also said, Vivekanand or his mentor was not the first to find out how dangerous were the religions fundamentally.

SCP addressing audience in Athagarh

SCP addressing audience in Athagarh

Muni Vyasadev in saying “Sarvadharman parityajya mamekam saranan vraja” in the Bhagavat Gita in the lips of Sri Krshna, had made it unambiguously clear that all the religions must be discarded for saving the society from disunity and fall.

Vivekanand had made improvisation on Vyasa’s drastic rejection of religion by stressing on coordination of all religions that necessarily meant discarding of the components of fundamentality inherent in all of them. Now as religious revivalism has re-emerged with all its macabre machinations and fundamentalists of all the religions are wrecking havoc on human lives, as witnessed latest in Kandhamal, Vivekanand looks more relevant, he said.

SCP delivering speech at Athgarh

SCP delivering speech at Athgarh

He called upon right-thinking peoples to unite to force the religions to co-ordinate with each other for saving the society from religion-generated mayhems or, if the fundamentalists don’t listen and do not desist from dragging people to hell while living in misguided anticipation of happiness after death, to ban active practice of all religions, as no religion is more important than human beings.
Speakers Manoranjan Mohanty and Divyajyoti Pani dwelt on life and time of Vivekanand and how he had inspired the youth to make supreme sacrifice for the motherland.

Presiding over the event, Lalatendu Senapati, Journalist and principal organizer of Gadjat Parikrama, lauded Vivekanand’s contribution to the concept of Universal Brotherhood and thanked Sri Pattanayak for the new angle he gave to contextual interpretation of the person, who had and still inspires the brilliancy in youth.

Audiance At Athgarh

Audiance At Athgarh

The event being organized by Gadjat Parikrama there was a seminar on contributions of Gadjats (Ex-Princely States) to Orissa.

SCP observed that the most magnificent contribution of Gadjats to Orissa is discernible in the Odissi as well as Chhau dance systems and in tie-dying textiles.

Recognized by culture-scholars as the grammar of Odissi dance, the unique scripture captioned Abhinaya Darpana Prakash was authored by the Prince of Tigiria, Jadunath Rai Singh Tunga, who had developed the new system of dance by amalgamating his family dance discipline called Tunga Nrtya with Alasa Nrtya of coastal Orissa, he said. Similarly the Chhau dance discipline was developed in three princely states such as Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar and Sareikela with extensive practice in the Oriya populated track of West-Bengal, Purulia. Gadjats being hilly regions, many tribal dance forms such as Ghumura of Kalahandi, Dhenkanal and Tigiria, Ravana Chhaya of Talcher and Palalahara etc had developed to the tune of nature that are now attracting world attention.

On the dias

On the dias

Sri Pattanayak gave details of how the unique tie-dying technique used in production of the famous Khandua was developed in Tigiria and how Bibhuti Kanungo acquiring training in this technique from Arjuna Subuddhi of Nuapatna of Tigiria had contributed the technique to weavers of other regions, such as Sambalpur, for which he was awarded by the central government. Maniabandh of ex-State Baramba has also enriched this technique, he said, while stressing that princely States like Sonepur have made unique contributions to indigenous textile technology.

But the greatest contribution of Gadjats, he pointed out, is their peoples’ role in shaping the country. The youngest martyr of India, Baji Raut, was from Orissa’s Dhenkanal and his brutal assassination by the British and Royal forces had sharpened the freedom struggle that ultimately extinguished kingship in the country. The peoples’ movement of Dhenkanal developing into militant revolt against the kings of Orissa, they were forced to merge their respective States with the Union of India after the British had left. Had the peoples not forced their Kings to merge their respective States in the Union of India, the country could never have acquired the geographical shape it has at the moment. In fact, merger of the Princely States of Orissa with India had paved the path for merger of other Princely States in other parts of the Country, he said.

Pointing out how the supreme sacrifices of martyrs have been lost due to lust for money in peoples in power and in trade and commerce, Sri Pattanayak said that the peoples of Gadjats were traditionally respecting their kings as gods, specifically as in Hindu scriptures they were equated with Vishnu. But the same people revolted against the kings and wiped out kingship. In doing this, they in fact had expressed their disapproval of unlimited accumulation of properties by individuals. This was perhaps the best ideological contribution of Gadjat peoples to the country. But the politicians have killed the spirit of this ideology as a result of which mafia has taken over India; economic offenders have emerged as achievers and traitors have emerged as leaders.

The peoples of the Gadjats, by forcing kings out of their thrones in order to extinguish the system of accumulation of unlimited property by individuals had shown the way, let us not shy away, he said.

The participants pledged to devote themselves for all round development of Gadjat areas. Activists Lalatendu Senapati, Sanatan Rai, Brahmanand Lenka, Chandrakant Mishra, Asok Dash, Ratnakar Beura, Bhubananand Pattnaik, Pratap Chandra Rautray, Prakash Puhan, Nachiketa Parmanik, Sudhansu Nanda, Prakash Sethy, Harihar Sahu, Radhanath Das and Bijoy Kumar Nayak were felicitated. Students of Athgarh Nrtya Sangeet Vidyalaya sung the title song on Gadjat authored by eminent lyricist Radhanath Das.

(Source: Gadjat Parikrama, Athgarh)

KANDHAMAL IS NOT A CASE OF COMMUNALITY: IT IS A CASE OF NATIONALITY

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Kandhamal of Orissa is in hot headlines for enmity between the followers of two religions: Hindu and Christian. The politico executive and judicial administration wants us to believe that it is a case of communality. But in reality it is a case of religious nationality.

The peoples of India have suffered the separation of precious parts from the body of their motherland in 1947 as it was a prerequisite for independence on August 15 on the ground of religious nationality when the Muslims, multiplied on this soil through conversions claimed to be a separate nation as against the nation of the Hindus.

With formation of Pakistan, Hindustan lost a great portion of its national asset and has been in constant loss due to the terrorism practiced by Muslim converts at the border.

So rise of another religious nationhood through multiplication of Christians by conversions has become the crux of alarm for the Hindus as the Christians, by concept and in practice belong to a religious nationality, as they themselves want others to know by projecting their religious head, the Pope, as a Sovereign Head of State.

It is politically significant that the Pope, because of being the Pope, is being projected and treated as a Sovereign Head of State.

This understood, there is no difficulty in understanding why everywhere in India Hindu activists are trying to bring prodigal children back to their homes through counter-conversions.

Every Hindu may act as a counter-conversionist if thereby his motherland could be saved from another division on religious nationality.

Laxmananand was such a counter-conversionist who had concentrated in Kandhamal.

Unknown assailants, who, in local perception, are Christians, have killed him

So attack on Christians by Hindus in that district is a counter-attack.

A man, face wrapped, projected as a Maoist, has told a private TV channel that members of his organization have killed Laxmanananda to obstruct religious revivalism. This assertion is being read as a Christian mischief to hoodwink the general public. This is simply because, peoples know, the Maoists cannot find any difference between a conversionist and a counter-conversionist as both of them are religious revivalists. So killing of Lamananand alone on reason of religious revivalism cannot be accepted as an act of the Maoists.

In the circumstances, it is easily inferred that the Christians of Kandhamal received the counter-impact of their own mischief after the cold-blooded murder of Laxmananand.

The assassinated Hindu activist was unambiguously the strongest obstacle that the Christian missionaries were facing in converting Hindus to Christian religion in the region. And he was killed.

The Hindu agony is increasing beyond tolerance as the Governments, both in the State and at the Center, have failed to find out the assassin of the man who had sacrificed his worldly comforts to conduct counter-conversion to obstruct the rise of a rival religious nationality again on the soil that has already suffered the disadvantage of division of the motherland by converted Muslims at the time of independence.

The Christians have gone to the Supreme Court of India through a PIL seeking orders for inquiry into the assault on them by the CBI.

Suppose the CBI takes over the case, should that automatically end the unrest?

What is the crux of their allegation that they need the CBI to inquire into? As they say it is the assault on Christians. But in reality the issue is not the assault on the Christians; the issue is counter-assault on the Christians.

It would therefore be wrong to inquire into the counter-attack before the attack is inquired into. Therefore the ghastly murder of Laxmananand should first be inquired into before any inquiry is ordered into assault on Christians.

And the assault on Christians being a counter-assault, should, instead of expenditure of so much official energy on it, be left to be settled by the Christians themselves through credible pledges that they would do everything to wipe out the feeling that they are building up a Christian nationhood like the Muslims of pre-independence era.

As long as this feeling is not wiped out, the Hindus of Hindustan cannot be, even at gun point of Police, obstructed from taking any step, including violent steps, to preempt any possibility of a fresh division of their motherland on the ground of religion.

It is absolutely wrong to say that the majority (Hindu) community has assaulted the minority (Christian) community in Kandhamal. The concept of community is a wrong concept. The correct phenomenon is that a portion of the citizenry has assaulted another portion of the citizenry and the later portion has mounted a counter assault on the former. And in this specific instance, minority amongst the citizens (Christians) assaulted majority amongst the citizens (Hindus) by killing Laxmananand and by building up a minority religious nationhood, in retaliation to which the Hindus, being the majority of the citizenry, have, if at all, mounted their counter-assault.

This had to happen. Majority citizens cannot sit mum when motherland is infested with the viruses of minority nationality.

This scenario is really painful. It would never have happened had all the religions been banned after adoption of the Constitution of India.

Every religion was a societal code that was controlling man’s behaviors vis-à-vis the Society. With framing of the Constitution these codes called religions should have been stored for sociological study only. But shortsighted politicians have played the nastiest of mischief by allowing them to control human behavior in free India. So these religions have become rivals to our Constitution and their followers have linked these codes to their respective religious nationalities.

This being the fact, Christians constitute a rival nation vis-à-vis the Hindus. Hindus form the majority. India is a democracy. Democracy is run by majority. So India as a democracy belongs to the Hindus. But Hindus have never misappropriated India for themselves. Though they were the majority in the Constituent Assembly they framed a Constitution that resolved to build up the country as a secular democracy. They gave full freedom to practitioners of their rival religions to treat India as their home and to practice their religion without obstruction. But nowhere they had said that the practitioners of their rival religions should be allowed to expand their religious nation by dragging away members of Hindu religion to their own.

In view of this every conversion since framing of our Constitution is absolutely unauthorized and blatantly illegal.

The Cuttack Archbishop’s PIL has given the Supreme Court a great chance to dive deep into this matter. The active practice of religion should be seen as active denigration of the Constitution inasmuch as the Constitution being the supreme code of conduct, parallel or rival codes of conduct cannot be countenanced.

It should be made clear that by secularism the framers of the Constitution had only meant that there should be no bar in practice of the religions by their respective followers’ families. But they had never meant for keeping the State mum when certain religions would try to encroach upon others.

If the Supreme Court gives real serious attention to the issue, it should nullify all conversions with retrospective effect from the day of the adoption of our Constitution. And put a blatant ban on emergence of religion as nation.

Words like protection to minority may look magnanimous, but if minority religions take turn towards becoming minority nations, the majority of the country’s citizenry will never sit silent. They must fight that design come what may. Because, to the Hindus of Hindustan, any possibility of further division of their motherland on basis of minorities’ religion-nation can never be acceptable.

So, let us be very clear that Kandhamal is not a case of communality as is being projected; it is a case of religious nationality.