Plutocracy_a Specimen is Orissa: Study it and get ready for a revolution

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Orissa is reduced to a state of inanition by Naveen Patnaik inasmuch as more than half a crore, at least 5,967,215 persons as per the list of beneficiaries under Public Distribution Scheme, are suffering from continuous slow starvation, who just thrive on subsidized rice at the rate of Re.1 per kg; when as many as 63,759 persons are identified as paupers having not even this abysmally little purchasing power to have rice at Re.1, for which they are given the rice they need free of cost under the Annapurna scheme. “This initiative” confesses the State government “helps to mitigate the maladies of hunger, deprivation and poverty. AAY scheme specifically caters to the need of the poorest of poor people living in urban & rural areas, who face difficulties to buy essential commodities even at a relatively lower price”.

When UNDP puts the figure of poor in Orissa at 15.32 million based on data of 2009-10, a CLAP project finding on “State of Children in Orissa” shows that, the State has the “highest percentage of Infant Deaths and Neo-Natal Deaths among the States of India. The IMR for the State is 83 per 1000 live births. The Neo-Natal Mortality is 61 per 1000 live births. 54.4% born in Orissa are underweight. 20.7% of Children below 3 years of age are severely underweight and another 54.4% are moderately underweight”, attributing this sordid reality to severe malnutrition and continuous slow starvation.

In such a State, against 147 Assembly seats, 217 multimillionaire (crorepati) candidates, have been fielded by non-Communist political parties, who have also fielded 324 declared criminals, most of whom are charged with serious crimes like murder, attempt to murder and rape.

In Naveen babu’s regime, Orissa was blackened through mandate 2009 with 18 MLAs and 3 MPs who could not be punished, as criminal cases against them continued to limp, because prosecution did not dare to pursue those cases in right earnest.

This happens in plutocracy where mafia rules the roost.

In plutocracy corrupt politicians whom people really hate get elected because elections become Hobson’s choice. And in this process they use the administration and machinery of election like the Election Commission in the Center and Chief Electoral Officers in States. This technique is glaringly evident in Orissa.

The ruling party here is named after Biju Patnaik, more a mafia than a democrat. All officially instituted welfare projects are named after the same Biju Patnaik which is a ruling party design to keep the voters too dazzled to differentiate between the Biju Janata Dal and Biju-named projects. As a result, BJD appears as the provider of their welfare, though all the Biju-named projects are created with and funded by the State exchequer.

A fare and non-plutocratic election machinery – the EC, India and CEO, Orissa – should have banned all advertisements in media and mention in electioneering of every official project named after Biju since the very day of commencement of preparation for election, if Orissa voters were to use their unbiased, unprejudiced, uninfluenced, free wisdom in casing their votes.

I had pointed out the malady much earlier on 5 March 2014 and 9 April 2014, but it did not happen.

Over and above this, several instances of heavy cash being carried in vehicles engaged in electioneering of ruling and non-communist parties, as located by stray officials sans any punitive action, indicate to what extent the election is made undemocratic, which proves that, the election which our innocent people believe to be a democratic process of their mandate, has become a plutocratic phenomenon, where they elect their enemies only as their representatives.

These plutocratic politicians do not allow their voters to know even their election manifestos.

bjpAs is well known, the BJP, which is aspiring to capture India by exploiting people’s wrath against Manmohan Singh-Sonia misrule, had not issued its manifesto till closure of electioneering in Orissa for the first phase of election. When it released its manifesto, the total copies thereof were only 1000 when Orissa has a total of 2.88 crore voters.

bjdThe BJD had no more copies of manifesto than what was necessary for release to the Press. It disdainfully disobeyed the election law to print the numbers of the copies of the manifesto which it circulated only to members of the Press at Bhubaneswar. We did not get a copy of BJD manifesto in any of its electioneering camps and none of its slogan-raisers or campaigners candidates could give us a copy either, which establishes that the ruling party of Orissa had no scheme of equipping the people with the election manifesto.

congressThe Congress had limited its manifesto to 10,000 copies as against 2.88 crore voters of Orissa too, when its offshoot Ama Odisha had printed only 500 copies. aop

So, for all these non-Communist parties, planting candidates in all/almost all the Assembly constituencies of Orissa, seeking of mandate on the basis of manifesto carried no meaning. They have made the election a farce and a medium of plutocracy in the guise of democracy, and nothing else.

Read the scenario and find the specimen of plutocracy in Orissa and be ready to fight against whosoever forms the next government with such treachery and foul play, if you really love your motherland and wish it stay a democracy.

A violent class war is inevitable, as from now on, plutocracy will tighten its grip to further imperilment of the poor, perishing under slow starvation and silently suffering the ignominy of thriving on Re.1 per kg rice.

Your post-election responsibility is to try to forestall the violent class war by building up a non-violent revolution to force the government(s) to put a ceiling on private property, so that concentration of wealth in hands of a few shall stop and corruption caused by unlimited avarice of the rich and aspirants for richness would shrink to obliteration and enough funds shall be available for all round development of all Indians.

Get ready.

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New Year: New Danger Kejriwal

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Kejriwal is the new danger to Indian democracy. Let me explain.

Plutocracy takes over democracy in the name of ‘Aam Admi’ (ordinary citizens). But as people change the government through election, they believe that the government shall be their own, run by their own representatives.

They are duped. In the name of ‘Aam Admi’, in absence of a fighting party of the toiling masses, propounders and practitioners of political economy of capitalism, get the votes and ignore the Aam Admi in their eagerness to serve their capitalist masters. Congress had won the last election to lead UPA in the name of the ‘Aam Admi‘ (“Congresska Hath, Aam Admike saath” was its slogan). But its government became a government of repression of the Aam Admi and benevolence for the capitalists and even for the foreign traders. In plutocracy, this happens.But, because of the method plutocracy uses, ordinary citizens (Aam Admi), gullible as they commonly are, fail to understand the rich man’s tricks.

In this method, ordinary citizens use the franchise to elect their representatives, which gives them the feeling that they are the masters; but on being elected, the same representatives do not work for the ordinary citizens; because the money invested in their election campaigns having come from the rich, their administration gets addressed to the benefit of the rich. Aam Admi remains the pawn.

Kejriwal and his team has formed the government with the support of the ordinary citizens. But thereby their dependance on Aam Admi has ended as far as Delhi is concerned. Hereafter they will act in interest of plutocracy. But will act as if their steps benefit the ordinary citizens. Their steps in this regard has started. Kejriwal has passed orders for free supply of 700 liters of water to every family. Corporate media has highlighted it as a great act of benevolence. But by this who shall really benefit? Ordinary citizens in Delhi use less than a hundred liters of water per day. The rich families use more water. So, by waving the water rent for 700 liters per day, Kejriwal has ensured that the poor ordinary citizens bear the cost of the water freely supplied to the rich. This is plutocracy.

If AAP is really for the Aam Admi, the huge numbers of hugely exploited DTC employees – who have been working regularly for several years without being regularized, thereby perishing without entitlement to the benefits provided under labor laws – could have been regularized by Kejriwal, as the first step in interest of the Aam Admi, when they met him a day ago. That has not happened, because there is no difference between his and his predecessor Shila Dixit’s political economy and rule. The rule is plutocracy.

Shrewd agents of the rich

In plutocracy, shrewd agents of the rich get elected in the name and with the help of ordinary citizens – Aam Admi – and thereafter serve the rich at the cost of the poor. When people revolt, they float/promote a new outfit of politics in the name of the neglected common man that takes over the revolution with the help of the rich media acrobats and emerge as people’s heroes and grab power in the name of the new outfit and ultimately kill the awakening that could have changed the system. In emergence of AAP, this has happened. The new phase of mass awakening his been hijacked, at least in Delhi.

This is what exactly had happened in 1977 in the name of ‘Janata’ (a synonym of ‘Aam Admi’) in India, when the spontaneous Indian upsurge against Indira Gandhi’s misrule was hijacked by Jaya Prakash Narayan and his team.

In the name of ‘Janata’

In the name of ‘Janata’ (Aam Admi’), the right-wing politicians and communal chauvinists like the Jansanghists had then come to power.

Morarjee Desai had become the Prime Minister with a cabinet comprising the very same fellows whose corrupt practices as leaders of the Congress had ruined the credibility of that party, such as Biju Patnaik of Orissa; and whose rabid reactionary conduct had distanced the Congress from the people, such as the members of the Congress Syndicate, over and above the communalists and practitioners of political economy of inequality.

Those self-seekers, by their verbal attack on Indira Gandhi as the central cause of all the ills the country was subjected to, had, of course, successfully diverted the mass awakening of the people against misrule, but no sooner than that, had themselves indulged in such nefarious misrule, that the ‘Janata’ government that they had formed, had collapsed within two years of coming to power and the ‘Janata’ (‘Aam Admi’) of India were so disillusioned and demoralized that, to them, the same Indira Gandhi seemed much better than the ‘Janata’ alternative they had been misled to vote.

Democracy took a nastier turn towards plutocracy.

India became fee simple for Indira and her family and factotums with political conspiracies and scandals becoming synonymous with her government.

From then on till now, when Congress members are competing with each other to wag their tails more vigorously to establish who is more loyal to her daughter-in-law Sonia and her son Rahul than the others, India has remained a land of communal hatred, disunity, displacement, dishonesty, impropriety, and Mafiosi.

India has seen a Prime Minister in Rajiv Gandhi who patronized R. K. Dhawan, the man whose “complicity or involvement” in the murder of his mother Indira Gandhi was analytically and emphatically pointed out by Justice M.P.Thakkar in his enquiry report. Justice Thakkar was deliberately picke up to conduct the unavoidable enquiry, as, many believe, he was so close to the Gandhi family that his report would not affect any member thereof. He, in fact, did not mention any member of Indira’s family in connection with her murder. But he had not to ignore the fact that, Dhawan was “close to someone having clandestine connection with the CIA”, which, to Justice Thakkar, had built up the “heap of suspicion”.

Rewarding a person suspected to have been involved with murder of his mother by Rajiv Gandhi with sensitive politico-administrative positions is a mystery that has not yet been solved, though hands of CIA in Rajiv Gandhi’s murder is also a suspected phenomenon.

However, India has seen in post ‘Janata’ scenario, how Rajiv Gandhi’s closest circle had offered harbor to commission agents like the Italian agent Ottavio Quattrocchi that had given birth to the Bofors scandal and let him escape the dragnet of law, as Sonia Gandhi continued to boss over Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

Had right-reactionaries using the name of ‘Janata’ not hijacked the mass awakening of the ordinary citizens against impairment of their democracy in 1977 elections, a time would never have come for India to be treated as a fee simple by Indira Gandhi, Rajiv and his widow and son.

The mistake of being misled

The mistake of being misled by the use of the word ‘Janata’ in 1977, not only promoted self-seekers in politics, but also ushered in such a phase that despite Prime Ministers playing treacheries against the country, people did not rise in revolt.

They did not revolt on seeing the Preamble of their Republic rendered inconsequential by Manmohan Singh and Pranab Mukherjee of Narasimha Rao cabinet when they subjected India to WTO design by signing GATT agreement behind back of the nation, in contravention of the nation’s pledge for socialism enshrined in the Preamble. When Constitution of India has provisions for amendment in any part of its body, by no way its Preamble can be changed. Amendment of the Preamble that mandates to make India a socialist sovereignty was not possible. And, therefore there was an insurmountable obstacle to make India a capitalist country. Signing the WTO agreement was the way to make capitalism the official creed of India despite the socialistic Preamble. These two fellows did that and sabotaged the country in Narasimha Rao government.

They kept mum despite seeing their national undertakings being sold away in throwaway prices to private profiteers by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

They kept mum despite seeing how Prime Minister Manmohan Singh betrayed the Republic by subjugating the country to American market design by signing the nuke deal without the Parliament’s approval and by promulgating the same by using political horses including the Speaker.

They kept mum as Sonia Gandhi became the extra-constitutional boss of the Prime Minister of India and one after another, India’s constitutional sentinels like the CEC and CAG got reprimands from the PM for having exposed the illegalities and mega scams his government is involved with.

The design

So, when in the first half of 1970s people of India had spontaneously waken up to save their motherland from derailment, the right-reactionaries had got united under Jaya Prakas Narayan in the name of ‘Janata’ (ordinary citizens) to divert them from the real cause of that derailment, as a result of which the patriotic revolution which could have saved India, was forestalled.

As a result, India has become a land of commission agents, Mafiosi and mega-scams – of exploitation of the weaker segment of the population including women and children – of concentration of wealth in hands of a few forcing the majority to perish in slow starvation – of all out corruption and nonchalant administration – of displacement of indigenous people, denudation of forests and destruction of eco-systems for benefit of the avaricious private and foreign industries – of unbearable financial straits for the majority for whom food security law and low-priced rice and/or wheat has become unavoidable to avert starvation deaths – of uncontrolled black-market and price rise leading to enhancement of DA to almost 100% of the new scale of pay the government servants draw as otherwise plutocracy cannot function – and of many other ills the nation is inflicted with.

Four decades after, as the people rose in revolt again against plutocratic exploitation, and the revolution was going to take a definite shape against the pernicious economic policy of Manmohan Singh and thereby capitalism was going to face the toughest challenge to its continuance in India; exactly like Jaya Prakas Narayan of 1970s, Anna Hazare and a band of situational loudmouths including Kejriwal was picked up by the fidgeting capitalists to divert the mass awakening from revolt against capitalism to demand for a Lokpal, attributing all administrative ills to corruption. This has ensured, India stays a safe haven for the capitalists.

Kejriwal, the offshoot of Anna Hazare’s Lokpal campaign has emerged a prominent agent of plutocracy, with his inauguration as Delhi Chief Minister in the name of the Aam Admi’.

People duped

People are duped, because, they are guided by corporate media to believe, by refusing mandate to the Congress Party and by ushering in Kejriwal through their ballots, they have strengthened democracy.

Kejriwal has succeeded in blocking people’s awakening against capitalism that Prime Manmohan Sngh had perniciously clamped on India. It will take time now for the Delhi voters to know that Kejriwal is nothing but a new mask of plutocracy for extinguishment of which they had started the now aborted mass action.

And, the composition of AAP leadership is such that it shall have no class consanguinity with the Aam Admi (ordinary citizens), who, for survival only, have no other way than depending on food security law and lowest priced rice and/or wheat.

The very fact that AAP has spent Rs.30 lakhs per constituency on records is indicative of plutocracy it is wedded to.

Plutocracy has ensured that Indian elections remain so very expensive that no Aam Admi (ordinary citizen) would dare to contest. So the rich and representatives of the rich contest the elections under whatsoever non-communist banners available and on return, serve the interests of the rich.

Kejriwal and AAP have invested high amount of money in the election and have no affinity for the political economy of the poor class. On the other hand, the AAP leadership is dominated by crorepatis (high rich multimillionaires) who have wealth spanning from rupees ten millions (Dharm Vir Singh) to more than 300 millions ( Shazia Ilmi).

Impact of the rich

The Constituent Assembly of India had to deliver a pro-rich Constitution, because it was “dominated by the rich class”.

Laxmi Narayan Sahu of Orissa, on the third reading of the draft Constitution, had held it to be a repressive Constitution under which the ordinary citizens will suffer more than they were suffering under the British rule.

Dr. Ambedkar, in response, had to admit that the Constituent Assembly was unable to produce a real emancipatory Constitution because of the overwhelming majority of the rich class in the Assembly. He had hoped that when the first Parliament of India will be elected by the votes of the ordinary citizens, comprising the representatives of the poor people as they being in majority would be the dominating electors, the first task it may perform should make appropriate laws to reduce the “gap” between the rich and the poor, so that the the purpose of freedom can be achieved.

Notoriety of the Nehru Government

But, that never happened, as the caretaker Congress Government of Nehru played two notorious games to make the first Parliament advantageous for the rich.

The rich class, eager to engulf India after the British was afraid of Gandhiji.

His emphasis on programs like Village Swarajya was enough to restrict exploitation of India by the rich.

So, firstly, the Nehru Government ensured that Gandhiji, whose active guidance could have inspired the people to use the franchise for creation of the first Parliament with representatives of their own class in order to achieve economic emancipation along with political freedom, was silenced.

Reports galore that with Sardar Patel as the Home Minister, intelligence reports on threat to Gandhiji’s life were ignored.

Thus the first general election to the first Parliament could not be actively guided by Gandhiji and hence there was no voice of Gandhian (Aam Admi) economy in the first Parliament.

Secondly, the Nehru Government ensured that voice of the working class also remains absent in the first Parliament.

With deliberate design, the Communist Party of India was banned, forcing most of its leaders go underground.

Resultantly, the rich class dominated also the first Parliament.

The new danger

Ambedkar’s hope for eradication of the “contradictions” inherent in the rich class produced Constitution was shattered and lost.This happened, as the rich people elected by the poor citizens acted in their class interest.

The rich people in AAP will not act differently. They will act in their class interest. Hence, ‘Aam Admi’ will not really gain. They shall stay pawn in the game the rich play.

Therefore, Kejriwal is the new danger the country shall have to face in the new year.

Kejriwal’s Tirade of Abuse Hurled at Indian Parliament is a Game that Plutocrats Play

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Indian Parliament, which has not yet been able to codify its privileges, had to hear vociferous harping on about its privilege breached by anti-corruption campaigner Arvind Kejriwal in attributing non-materialization of the Jan Lokpal Bill to its being a House of criminals, to whom the Bill cannot but be an anathema.

Cutting across party lines, members wanted punishment for Kejriwal for the tirades of abuse he had hurled at the rampart of democracy.

The Speaker, however, tactfully closed a short-duration discussion, propelled by debates on Monday, on Tuesday with remarks that any comment detrimental to dignity of Parliament was “unwarranted and unacceptable”.

Had it any impact on Kejriwal?

No.

To him, the House should have addressed itself to introspection instead of spending so much energy on reaction to his remark.

As 162 of its members are charged with heinous crimes, it would not be surprising if the Jan Lokpal Bill does not materialize, he claims to have said.

When reasoning out as to why the anti-corruption bill is not materializing in the Parliament is not a direct disrespect shown to the Parliament, it cannot be overlooked that the inordinate delay in bringing out the law is enhancing credibility of a combine that has no real agenda for eradication of corruption.

We are sure, adoption of the Bill and creation of the so-called Jan Lokpal will not end or even control corruption in India.

As long as right viruses rule the roost, corruption shall continue to grow; because corruption is a method that adopters of Political Economy of Inequality – the plutocrats – use to stay safe and to prosper.

So, the opposite economy i.e. the Political Economy of Equality is the only way to curb corruption.

Kejriwal and his forum, the so-called Anna team, do not subscribe to Political Economy of Equality.

So, we suspect, they are just a combine that acts to divert mass awakening against corruption by promoting an environment that does not encourage evolution of Political Economy of Equality as the pivot of Indian progress.

Passive resistance to corruption is no resistance; because no corruption is passively practiced. It is aggressively practiced by self-seekers and therefore, its eradication entirely depends on aggressive attack on factors of corruption. The so-called Anna team and its so-called Gandhian way is not for aggressive attack and hence, is, in reality, against eradication of corruption.

The corrupt fellows that have ruined India have been enhancing credibility of this shrewd combine, so that the masses of India, who are waking up against maladies the country is suffering from, can be misled by this team to accept corruption as the substitute to corruption in the same way the people had accepted the Janata conglomerate as substitute to the Congress government, misled by Jayaprakash Narayan in the 1970s.

It would be wrong not to remember that when sporadic but aggressive protests against economic inequalities and exploitation were in the rise and the people suffocated due to corruption in every sphere of administration were in massive numbers joining the protests, Anna Hazare, with a Gandhi cap, was all on a sudden projected by corporate media as the new Gandhi capable of freeing the country of corruption and the most corrupt team so far to have taken over power, led by Dr. Manmohan Singh, had rushed to Anna in a way that only enhanced his credibility in public eyes exactly as Indira Gandhi had enhanced JP’s credibility by accepting him as the greatest political arbitrator, by forcing out of office her party’s Chief Minister of Gujarat Chimanbhai Patel on 9 February 1974 at his instance. But that, JP was not really against corruption manifested when the same Chimanbhai, after being expelled from the Congress on corruption charges, became the chief architect of a government by Janata Morcha that took oath on 18 June 1975. This Janata Morcha was so corrupt that it could not even complete one year in office and on 12 March 1975, its life had ended leading to rebirth of a Congress government in the state.

So, the corrupt government of Manmohan Singh inviting Anna to draft a Bill for the Lokpal of his concept, a group of elite of no unquestionable track records emerging as members of Anna team, the extra-constitutional drafting of the Bill fetching official collaboration through joint sessions of the so-called Anna team with committee of central ministers, the deliberate official delays in consideration thereof to give the Anna team required situations to consolidate its credibility as the real crusader against corruption by insisting on its ready adoption, the rabid right-wingers rallying behind him, denigration of Parliament by a Mumbai mainstream actor from Anna’s hunger-strike podium, Kejriwal’s tirades against MPs, barren reprimands behind his back in the house melting in a ruling of no action against attributing mala fide motive to Parliament and willful attempt to denigrate its dignity in public eyes, another member of the Anna team – Kiran Bedi – supporting and justifying Kejriwal even after the Speaker’s ruling, are a few samples of instances that have been used to enhance credibility of the so-called Anna movement, just to create a situation where people will like to rely more and more upon Anna in the present phase of their awakening so that in the consequence, the real beneficiaries of the current system stay safe, as the so-called JP movement had ensured, sans any change in political economy that has helped them build up their private empires in the Republic of India.

So, the unpunished tirade of abuse hurled at the Parliament of India by Anna team is a part of the game that plutocrats are shrewdly playing, and nothing else.

For every Indian patriot, to whom emancipation of the people matters, this poses a challenge.

It is Time for Indian Patriotic Intelligentsia to Wake up

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Let it be clear from the beginning that this posting is addressed only to the Indian patriotic intelligentsia. Every member of Indian intelligentsia cannot be a patriot; because therein, there are self-seekers and traitors who have ruined post-independence India. Therefore the word ‘patriotic’ is deliberately used for distinguishing who of Indian intelligentsia can work for the country.

It is time, the Indian patriotic intelligentsia should wake up and save the country from fellows like Baba Ramdev and Anna Hazare who want to hijack common Indians’ awakening against corruption and black-money and all such havoc that the politicians in power, hand-in-glove with salaried officials and private trade-tycoons, have been playing with the masses, exactly as the shrewd self-seekers, under the cover of Jayprakash Narayan, had hijacked the mass awakening of 1974-76 and destroyed it within a mere span of two years of anarchy, facilitating thereby return to power of Ms. Indira Gandhi against whose misrule the people all over the country had joined the students of Gujurat and Bihar before JP vitiated their spontaneous uprising with jargons like party-less democracy and total revolution.

Those two years of anarchy, known to Indian political history as the period of Janata rule, were the years of political opportunism, religious revivalism, anti-welfarism, elitism, nepotism, favoritism, intraparty factionalism, interdepartmental antagonism and all sorts of corruption in every sphere of administration. The Janata Government had to die a premature death for all these syndromes. And, in its death, the mass uprising against misrule had also died.

Why did it happen?

It happened because, the fellows that had hijacked the people’s uprising against Congress misrule and thereby replaced Indira Gandhi’s government, had no political ideology other than what the Congress was practicing. All of them, individually and collectively, were practitioners of the same political economy, the same Economy of Inequality.

The same pattern

Anna Hazare and Ramdev resemble the same pattern. They are the new editions of JP and his collaborators of the 1970s. They have not focussed on the root of corruption; but are posing as fellows who can root out corruption. They have not uttered a single word so far against Economy of Inequality.

Economy of inequality

Economy of inequality is the root of all maladies that India is afflicted with. And it has been affecting India since the days of formation of the Constitution.

The Congress being in majority in the Constituent Assembly and the propertied class comprising its majority therein, had discarded the ideals of freedom movement, the ideals of equality and fraternity and had legitimized the Economy of Inequality in the Constitution.

It was easier for the Congress to perpetuate this inequality as it occupied power when the Republic of India was created on the basis of this Constitution.

The new editions of JP

Consequent upon this, the country has gone astray and corruption – the game, the rich play for fetching profit and property expansion – has spread into every sphere of administration.

As the radical Indians are raising their weapons against this foul play of the rich, causing corresponding awakening in silent majority of Indians, like in 1970s, the new editions of JP and his collaborators – Hazare, Ramdev and the elites – have been trying to hijack the new awakening in a manner that emits concern over corruption, but never stresses on elimination of the anti-national ingredients of economic and social inequality enshrined in the Constitution, even though those ingredients have helped corruption to grow and engulf the country.

That the Constitution of India bears the seeds of maladies the country is now afflicted with, deserves serious attention inasmuch as it was confessed even by its framers.

Maladies located by Laxminarayan Sahu
In the Constituent Assembly

On the third reading of the draft Constitution, renowned representative of Orissa in the Constituent Assembly, Laxminarayan Sahu had made it clear that in framing the Constitution, the Assembly had “deviated from the ideals” it had sat for.

“The ideals on which this Draft Constitution is framed have no manifest relation to the fundamental spirit of India”, he had pointed out.

For the rich people who constituted majority of the Congress that had majority of the seats in the Constituent Assembly, the Government of India Act framed and enforced by the British Government to protect its own interest, i.e. the interest of the exploiters, the property owners, the administrators and elite, was more suitable. Hence they had ensured that the Constitution of free India must carry the pro-rich provisions of that Act of the British rulers and if possible, similar provisions from other countries.

Coming down heavily upon this treachery against the people, Sahu had said, “I feel that this Constitution has become a queer and unwholesome amalgam on account of the varied provisions it has borrowed from the Government of India Act and the other Constitutions of the world, things that cannot be compounded to form a harmonious whole. ……… I can assure you that this …….. would not prove suitable and would break down soon after being brought into operation”

Sahu was shocked by the attempts to provide shock-absorbers of exploitation in the Constitution. “Mr. Kamath has quietly introduced in it the God too. Some people hold that there is no God. The people of India do not want God”, he had thundered.

He regretted that, when the Constitution had imported certain anti-people provisions from the British made Government of India Act, it had omitted the provisions that were somewhat lenient with the people in matters of civil liberties. “People have been so much fettered (by provisions in the constitution) that even the civil liberties enjoyed by them during the British regime would be available to them no more. ……….You will see that on the enforcement of this Constitution very few civil liberties will remain”.

Sahu had emphatically pointed out the contradiction the Constitution was carrying. He had scaldingly criticized the secret agenda of the rich to gag welfare programs. “On the one hand we give opportunity for private profit and on the other, we say that the resources of the Government are limited”, he had said.

No other debater was as clear as he in matter of the contradictions the Constitution was pregnant with. He had said, “India is a country of villages. In complete disregard of the villages we have turned into citizens and ask for rights of citizenship. I would say that we should have ‘village-zen-ship’ rights also. I do not see ‘village-zen-ship’ rights anywhere in this Constitution”.

Therefore, to him, the Constitution was “altogether useless and worthless”. He did not see “anything substantial in it”.

Dr. Ambedkar’s confession

In answering to the third reading of the draft Constitution, with apparent attention to what Sahu had said, before it was adopted, Dr. Ambedkar had also confessed that the Constitution was carrying contradictions, harmful enough to shatter India, unless removed by the people’s representatives in the earliest opportunity.

He had “acknowledged” that there was “complete absence” of equality and fraternity in the Constitution.

On complete absence of equality

On “complete absence” of equality he had said, “On the social plane, we have in India a society based on the principle of graded inequality which means elevation for some and degradation for others. On the economic plane, we have a society in which there are some who have immense wealth as against many who live in abject poverty. On the 26th of January 1950, we are going to enter into a life of contradictions. In politics we will have equality and in social and economic life we will have inequality. In Politics we will be recognizing the principle of one man one vote and one vote one value. In our social and economic life, we shall, by reason of our social and economic structure, continue to deny the principle of one man one value. How long shall we continue to live this life of contradictions ? How long shall we continue to deny equality in our social and economic life ? If we continue to deny it for long, we will do so only by putting our political democracy in peril. We must remove this contradiction at the earliest possible moment or else those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of political democracy which this Assembly has so laboriously built up”.

On complete absence of fraternity

On “complete absence” of fraternity, Ambedkar had said, “Fraternity means a sense of common brotherhood of all Indians—of Indians being one people. It is the principle which gives unity and solidarity to social life. It is a difficult thing to achieve. ……… I remember the days when politically-minded Indians resented the expression ” the people of India “. They preferred the expression ” the Indian nation. ” I am of opinion that in believing that we are a nation, we are cherishing a great delusion. How can people, divided into several thousands of castes, be a nation ? The sooner we realize, that, we are not as yet a nation in the social and psychological sense of the word, the better for us. For then only we shall realize the necessity of becoming a nation and seriously think of ways and means of realizing the goal. The realization of this goal is going to be very difficult—far more difficult than it has been in the United States. The United States has no caste problem. In India there are castes. The castes are anti-national in the first place, because they bring about separation in social life. They are anti-national also because they generate jealousy and antipathy between caste and caste. But we must overcome all these difficulties if we wish to become a nation in reality. For fraternity can be a fact only when there is a nation. Without fraternity, equality and liberty will be no deeper than coats of paint”.

Congress on anti-nation mode

But the ruling Congress is killing what Ambedkar had stood for in the Constituent Assembly.

It has started to destroy whatever semblance of national unity we have had, by promulgating caste based census, which, as per Ambedkar quoted above, would, for all time to come, obstruct fraternity to grow in India.

Dogs of the same breed

Looking into our political scenarios, we see, how the Congress party with its dominating majority had ignored all objections to provisions of inequality in the Constitution in the Constituent Assembly and subsequently, by occupying power in free India under the same Constitution, had made it interminable by running the country under the civil and criminal laws of the British days wherein social and economic inequalities are treated in terms of providence. The dogs of the same breed – the Janata and the BJP – as and when they have occupied power after the spontaneous mass revolution of 1970s was hijacked by the anti-Congress fronts of self-seekers, have contributed their might to this mischief. Economy of inequality thus enforced by all the political parties that have occupied power in the centre so far, has transformed Indian democracy to a plutocracy.

Indian Democracy transformed into Plutocracy

As both the systems – democracy and plutocracy – are run by elected representatives, maximum numbers of Indians – illiterate and ignorant as they are – fail to understand the difference between the two and mistake plutocracy for democracy.

This is how, basking under misconceived sense of equality in voting right, which their democracy under Indian Constitution has granted them, they have foolishly contributed to strengthening of plutocracy, which, under the mask of election, is in reality the rule by the representatives of the rich for benefit of the rich.

The rich generates corruption

And the rich knows no limit in richness as avarice has no limit. Hence, enhancing richness is the only mission of the rich. And, to succeed in this mission, as competitions amongst the rich to reach the targets to become richer or the richest are ever increasing, the process generates corruption.

Unless this phenomenon is understood, how can corruption be fought against? Neither Hazare nor Ramdev has understood this phenomenon. They have never made demands for change of the Constitution to eliminate social and economic inequality. They have never campaigned against Economy of Inequality. Corruption and black-money are issues of Political Economy. Neither of them subscribe to any Political Economy.

The Farce

Even as how fake and farcical is Hazare’s so-called anti-corruption call is focussed in these pages earlier, the way Ramdev has been going on giving Prime Minister Manmohan Singh certificates of non-corruption, makes his call against corruption a bigger farce. If this farce is not stopped, there is every possibility of derailment of the people’s spontaneous awakening against corruption and black-money, as had happened in the 1970s.

Let it not happen.

The last hope

Hence it is required of patriotic intelligentsia of India to wake up to the awakening of Indian masses against corruption and black-money. Till accumulation of private profit is banned by necessary change in the Constitution, accumulation of black money cannot be stopped. Accumulation of private profit cannot be stopped unless accumulation of private property is banned. Accumulation of private property cannot be banned as long as private ownership continues on means of production. So a thorough change in the Constitution is required. In normal course and under guidance of Hazares and Ramdevs it can never happen. The people are to bring forth this change by their own force.

The people of India shall have to force the governments – both central and provincial – to change the Constitution to eliminate Economy of Inequality by banning private property and private ownership on means of production. There are a few who are trying to do it. But they are being branded as law breakers and are being subjected to various methods of torture by the corrupt State, exactly as freedom fighters were being tortured by the exploitive British colonialists.

India’s leftwing politicians are the only ones who could have given the required leadership in this critical juncture. But compromise with the agents of imperialism and Industry in pursuit of power at various stages in post-independence India, has ruined their credibility so severely that, they are no more in a position to guide the present phase of mass awakening against corruption and black-money. Hence, from beyond the beaten track of politics, non-political patriotic intelligentsia is the last hope for guiding the rising mass awakening against corruption and black-money that Economy of Inequality has generated.

The country has gone astray by adopting Economy of Inequality. It can be saved, only if Economy of Equality is adopted.

And hence, the rising mass awakening against corruption and black-money needs be saved from the tricks of Hazares and Ramdevs, whom the corrupt government of Manmohan Singh has already favored with extra-constitutional importance to enable them to divert public attention from the root of corruption to the tip of corruption so that at the base, Economy of Inequality remains unaffected and plutocracy becomes stronger. The support of rabid rightist BJP and RSS to Ramdev in his acrobatics of fasting against corruption and black-money has made it unambiguously clear that, the fellows having vested interest in maintaining the status quo are trying to hijack the spontaneous mass awakening against corruption and black-money exactly as had happened in 1970s.

Indian patriotic intelligentsia should pay urgent attention to this phenomenon and wake up to defeat this design of plutocracy by bringing about a new revolution against Economy of Inequality. Otherwise, this time also the country shall miss the opportunity for emancipation.

The Supreme Court Should Have Used Sen’s Case to Save India from Plutocratic Terrorism

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

The Supreme Court Bench comprising Justice H.S.Bedi and Justice K.C.Prasad will be remembered for having granted bail on April 15, 2011 to Dr. Binayak Sen, the legendary victim of Plutocratic terrorism, who was, by Chhatishgarh government, thrown into rigorous life imprisonment under charges of sedition for alleged possession of Maoist literature as well as for harboring and /or helping them.

Dr. Sen has expressed happiness over the Apex Court’s order; but, after being released he has told PTI, “the case against me is still going on and I have to fight it with all the means at my disposal”.

All the patriots framed up by exploitative State under charges of sedition are not attracting global attention and Supreme Court consideration as Dr. Sen could do. They are, as under-trial criminals: majority in jails and a rare few enlarged on bails, perishing for no fault of theirs.

Dr. Sen’s case is an instance of how easy has it become for administration to clamp sedition charges on persons that have humanitarian sympathy for the suffering masses. They are being branded as or sympathizers of the Maoists to face prosecution under charges of sedition.

Orissa is an enormous storehouse of instances of this mischief.

Even the journalists, who are dutifully reporting on the plight of the people, are being charged with sedition. I give below two sample instances:

One: Keertichandra Sahu, reporter of Anupam Bharat, having exposed the Utkal Alumina Plant of the Aditya Birla group over the havoc it plays on the environment as well as the life of innocent and ignorant tribals and workers kept as casual workers sans any service condition, was arrested on 14 February 2004 by the police at Kashipur of Kalahandi under charges of sedition and since then is perishing under the framed up case.

Two: NGOs such as Sajag and Sahabhagi Vikash Abhiyan had shown, unemployment problem along with the condition of starvation and semi-starvation among the Kamar families was growing day by day. This had prompted two freelancing TV reporters of Nuapada District, Puturam Sunani and Meghanad Kharsel to keep a watch on Nangalghat in Sinapalli Block, as it was a hamlet of Kamar caste people. And in course of time, information reached them that under stark starvation the helpless ones in that hamlet were eating limestone, locally known as jhikiri. Initially unable to believe, they reached Nangalghat on 25.5.2007 and found that the starved people were really eating the stones. They took video recording of one Baru Singh Pahadia while eating stone and sent the same to their respective medias including OTV for further action. OTV telecasted the horrifying scene at 7 P.M. of 31 May 2007. Immediately thereafter, bags of rice were put in the houses of the villagers, job-cards pushed into families, a tube-well was dug overnight and both the reporters were arrested under charges of sedition, as, to the authorities, their reports were designed to destabilize the government. Revenue Minister Man Mohan Samal (as then he was) condemned both of the journalists in rudest possible terms while informing the Orissa Legislative Assembly the next day on June 01, 2007 of the “criminal cases” instituted against them. He had not even hesitated to mislead the House with false and manufactured reports on availability of job to Nangalghat villagers and their, including Baru Singh’s, food stability. The mischief was exposed in these pages. And, soon the Center for Environment and Food Security (CEFS) come out with details of “hunger, poverty and deprivation” prevalent in the region and observed, “the scenario looks worse than Sub-Saharan Africa”. Yet, both the TV reporters had to face prosecution under sedition charges for having shown to the society this terrible fact.

When these are instances of journalists framed up to face charges of sedition because of their reporting on plights of the people, there are journalists in Orissa that are charged for sedition simply because their reports went against certain members of the police force. One example:

Orissa’s highest editional Sambad has its man in Laxman Choudhury at Mohana. He has been subjected to charges of sedition simply because he exposed the nexus between the area Inspector of Police and the marijuana mafia. The Inspector contrived a method to teach him a lesson and accordingly clamped a case of sedition against him on concocted allegation that a packet of Maoist leaflets was seized from a private bus conductor who, he claimed, informed him that the packet was meant for Chaudhury. Later the said Inspector was caught redhanded by the Vigilance Police while receiving his share of profit from the marijuana mafia; but despite repeated requests from Media Unity for Freedom of Press, the false case of sedition that the corrupt Inspector had cooked up against him has not yet been withdrawn.

From the records of agreement between the State Government of Orissa and the mediators during the course of negotiation for release of Malkangiri district collector R Vineel Krishna and junior engineer Pabitra Mohan Majhi from Maoist hostage, it transpires that, as many as 600 illiterate tribals are perishing in prisons under sedition charges, because, misusers of power wanted them prosecuted that way for their supposed links with the Maoists.

In Dr. Sen’s case, Mr. Justice Bedi told the lawyer of the prosecuting State that if it was real that some materials on Maoist ideology were found in his possession, that does not make out a case of sedition.

“We are a democratic country. He may be a sympathizer. That does not make him guilty of sedition”, said the Justice.

His judicial wisdom made him ask the state lawyer, “If Mahatma Gandhi’s autobiography is found in somebody’s place, is he a Gandhian? No case of sedition is made out on the basis of materials in possession unless you show that he was actively helping or harboring them [Maoists].”

And, thus, Dr. Sen’s enlargement on bail was shaped.

But here is how justice failed to fully blossom.

While saying that possession of Maoist materials does not make one a Maoist, the Apex Court should simultaneously have determined if Maoism is an act of sedition.

That could have expedited the end of Dr. Sen’s turmoil as well as of the massive number of Indians perishing under charges of sedition, framed up as Maoists or their supporters / helper /harborers. Even the persons in whose support the Maoists raise their voice, are being projected as Maoists like the tribals / forest-dwellers / landless laborers of Orissa – as the 600 persons mentioned supra – and being tried under charges of sedition. It has become easiest for the exploitative state to project any antagonist to economic inequality / exploitation / corruption / maladministration as Maoist and torture him / her under charges of sedition.

If, for judicial decision on right to liberty, the Constitution of India provides the base, it is pertinent to revisit the Constituent Assembly debates, specifically of the concluding session where Dr. Ambedkar, whom we regard as the creator of the Constitution, had to answer to the last debates, before it was adopted.

In reply to the debates on third reading of the draft Constitution, he had said, “ On 26th January 1950, we are going to enter into a life of contradiction. In politics we will have equality and in social and economic rights we will have inequality. In politics we will be recognizing the principle of one man and one vote, one value. In our social and economic rights we shall by reason of our social and economic structure, continue to deny one man one value…We must remove this contradiction at the earliest possible moment or else those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of political democracy which this Assembly has so laboriously built up”. (Constituent Assembly Debates, Vol.XI, p.979).

Are these words of Dr. Ambedkar’s anxiety and warning capable of being interpreted as expression of sedition? If not, no amount of antagonism expressed against economic and social inequality, even if the antagonists project themselves as Maoists, can be termed as sedition.

And, what is Maoism? It is a political ism opposed to capitalism.

The country can run on only two political economies. It is either political economy of capitalism or political economy of socialism. Prime Minister Man Mohan Singh stands for the former and the Maoists for the later.

Mixed economy propounded and practiced by Nehru has been experienced as a path-paver for peaceful transformation of democracy to plutocracy and a silent killer of socialism in support of capitalism. So, either capitalism or socialism is relevant.

When India, running under capitalism, is experiencing all out corruption in every sphere of administration, has become a land of starvation deaths, has become a land of farmers’ suicide, a land of distress sale of babies by starving mothers, a land of distress sale of paddies by loan-ravaged farmers, a land of unemployment for the unprivileged, a land of inequality in scope of education, a land of inequality in availing healthcare, a land of turmoil for the majority of citizens, a land of parliamentary manipulation, land of cash-for-question parliament, a land of cash-for-confidence vote, a land of nonchalant bureaucracy, a land of no-land-to-landless, a land of displacement of tillers for benefit of private trade operators, a land of religious revivalism and acrimonious communalism, a land of commission agents’ supremacism, a land of State-terror and all sorts of mass-harassing methods and lastly has become a grazing ground of profit-seeking foreigners that have started dictating terms, the people who want India extricated from this mess, will certainly oppose capitalism and hence they will want the country to change its course to political economy of socialism, which also is enshrined in its constitution as its resolve.

Maoism is a sort of expression of determination to lead the country to socialism.

It encourages oppressed people to revolt against the capitalist state so that India can extricate herself from the labyrinth of social and economic inequalities, which, unless done, would, as Dr. Ambedkar apprehended, “blow up the structure of political democracy” that the Constituent Assembly had “so laboriously built up”. (cited supra).

Revolt against a capitalist (exploitative) State is not revolt against the State that the people of India in their Constitution had resolved to have.

Hence Maoism cannot be same as sedition.

The Supreme Court should have appreciated this in putting a complete look into Dr. Sen’s case and saved the country of innumerable litigations over wrong interpretation of Maoism as manner of sedition by the crafty perpetrators of plutocratic terrorism and thereby could have saved the people from perishing under charges of sedition without having ever acted seditious.

But as nice hopes cannot die, one hopes, a day will come, when a Bench of the Supreme Court to come, will cogitate upon this issue and settle the matter for ever.

IF NAXALS ARE FOR COMMUNISM, THEY ARE TO SHUN TERRORISM


Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Mainstream communists, hobnobbing with capitalists, even with the direct agents of the imperialists, have almost forfeited their credibility.

Ever since the impatient ultras ripped apart the Communist Party of India and formed the CPI (M), communism has suffered set back in the country where it could have been the natural refuge for the massive majority of the countrymen. There was time when not only the common man in India was dreaming of emancipation by allying with the communists, but also eminent intellectuals, patriotic poets, authors, artists, professors, jurists and lawyers were priding in supporting the Communists. There was time when despite their lower numbers in legislatures, Communists were the politicians that were rated highest in political credibility.

But eagerness to grab power divided the party. And the same eagerness divided the branched off segment leading to subsequent fragmentation thereof in blatant disregard to the urgent need of Communist unity.

The development has become so chaotic that when mainstream Communists are making compromises to capture or stay in power, ultras are using guns in pursuit of power.

Both the syndromes are killing Communism.

People are no more being educated on why Communism is necessary. No time for this. Cadres are shrinking. Confusion is rising. Communist credibility is receding.

Change of this scenario is necessary for the country.

But the mainstream Communists have fallen so pathetically deep in the labyrinth of power that they will no more be able to extricate themselves unless they identify India as a plutocracy and refuse to participate in elections that only help plutocracy to emerge stronger. By refusing to participate in elections, the Communists can generate a shock wave that would make Indians think afresh about democracy and define their duty towards the motherland as was dreamt of by martyrs and freedom fighters.

Mainstream communists should convince the people that their attempts to save India from plutocracy through their parliamentary participation have failed; because elections in a plutocracy further weaken democracy.

So, in order to save democracy, people must first be educated on and against plutocracy.

Participants in elections cannot convince people about this.

Hence, mainstream Communists should declare to stay away from elections and if they really refuse to stand for or plant candidates in any constituency, a new thinking process shall start to save Indian democracy from plutocracy. If they fail to do this, they should be viewed as equal with the capitalists and entirely rejected.

In fact, the people have started rejecting the mainstream Communists because of their participation in electoral politics. This has helped the ultras such as the Maoists or Naxals to grow in stature as they are perceived as people without selfish motive for power.

But their activities are in no way conducive to Communism.

Killing contractors or corrupt officials or small traders or political sophomores is not Communism.

Because of this mistake, the exploitive State has been projecting them as terrorists, even as they are in such restless run that they are unable to educate the people about how the State is exploitive.

On the other hand, by raising guns against individuals they have failed to raise revolution against the capitalist system. This is evidenced in the fact that there is no revolution against the system in the areas they are active. People have stayed distant from them, even though they know; it is only because of them the pro-rich government makes provisions for their welfare.

These ultras are the last hope for our country. They are the ones that are far from electoral politics. They can maintain their aversion to election under the pro-rich constitution. Therefore, they can raise the revolution against the plutocratic system if they shun killing any human.

They ought to understand that the exploitive State might be engaging hired killers to kill persons in their name just to project them as terrorists. As long as they use guns against any in the areas they are active, there would certainly stay scope for misleading the gullible people to believe that such planted killers are also ultra Communists. Thereby distance between the common man and Communism will continue to grow. The real revolution will fail to rise.

Hence, if the Naxals are for Communism, they should shun terrorism.

IF DEMOCRACY IS TO BE SAVED, BJP IS TO BE HELPED

FACTORS OF POLITICAL FACTOTUMISM MUST BE DEFEATED

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

India is in the battlefield to save her democracy. It can be saved only if Election 2009 rejects political factotumism.

All the political parties except the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the left parties are parties of political factotums.

The non-BJP and non-Left parties have no internal democracy. They of course have their respective party constitutions and on provisions thereof, committees like working committee or political affairs committee etc. But these are only contrived to show that they honor democracy and therewith to hoodwink the election commission and the gullible peoples of this country. In reality, individuals own them. The factotums claiming to be members of any of these parties call their masters or owners as high command; but the media has developed the habit of describing the owner of such a party as supremo. A supremo or the high command appoints any of his or her faithful factotums to any post in the party at any point of time and the person so appointed feels no shame in celebrating the said appointment. K.P.Singhdeo’s proud assertion, after being “appointed” President of Orissa Pradesh Congress Committee, that he is a Sainik of Sonia provides us with an instant instance.

There are only two political ideologies in the world: Capitalism and Socialism. In India, BJP has its real creed in Capitalism (in Indian language, Punjivad), the Left parties in Socialism (Samajvad). Political Science recognizes these two isms as isms of democracy (Ganatantra). Hence we can say, Punjivad and Samajvad, notwithstanding difference in application, are applied form of Ganatantravad (Democratism). But the Congress and its descendants like Trinamul Congress, Rastravadi Congress etc and individual outfits like the Biju Janata Dal of Orissa do not belong to any of these two ideologies. Their common character suggests that they have developed Factotumism, which in Indian language can best be called Golamvad.

Election 2009 has called upon the citizens of India to choose any of the two isms: Democratism and Factotumism. To say if they support Ganatantravad or they support Golamvad.

If India is to be saved, Ganatantravad is to b supported and Golamvad is to be discarded.

In other words, in the present context, if India is to be saved, BJP is to be supported. This is unavoidable for a democrat, as the other practitioners of democracy, the Left Parties, have established that they are too confused to be relied upon.

The allegation of communalism raised against the BJP is not relevant; because every political party in India is communal.

Communalism is display of personal religious preference in public. Any display of religious symbols or manners in public that may not match with the religious practice of everybody in the society is communalism. Why a Manmohan Singh displays his turban in the public? Just to project himself as a Sikh. This is communalism. Why a Navin Patnaik starts electioneering from the citadel of Sri Jagannath? Just to display that he is loyal to the Almighty of Sri Mandira in whom the peoples of Orissa find the unending stream to quench all their religious thirst. Is he not communal? Who of the Communists have opposed public worship of Durga or Kali in Kolkata? Are they secular? Or conversely, are they not communal?

So communalism is not the crux of concern at the moment.

The crux of concern is whether India shall stay a democracy.

India cannot survive as a democracy if political parties afflicted with supremo-syndrome occupy power. The factors and practitioners of factotumism must be kept away from power to ensure that democracy is put in hands of parties that practice democracy in their own organization.

In view of this, Communists having forfeited their credibility by shameless hobnobbing with agents of imperialism, Manmohan Singh yesterday and Navin Patnaik today, the only available practitioner of democracy in India is BJP.

And hence, if democracy is to be saved, in Election 2009, BJP is to be helped and helped by all the progressive people so that post-elections, it may morally distance itself from Arun Shouries and Pramod Mahajans and discard the plutocratic tenets that the Congress party under Sonia Gandhi with Manmohan Singh as the Prime Minister has crippled the country with.