Replacement of R with D is a wrong against Oriya Language

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

D and R_ situational use
Replacement of R by D in the English spelling of Orissa’s name and language by a law is a wrong that adversely affects its archaic uniqueness.

After consistent stress in these pages of ORISSA MATTERS on necessity of preservation of classicism of Oriya language, a section of Oriya authors and scholars have started speaking for recognition of Oriya as a classical language.

The Government of India has recognized Telugu as a classical language in 2008. But Linguistic Survey of India has recognized Oriya as a richer language than Telugu. To quote it, “The Oriya language can boast of a rich vocabulary in which respect neither Bengali nor Hindi nor Telugu can vie with it. The richness of the vocabulary is the index by which the vastness of a vernacular can be gauged” (Vol.IV).

“Oriya has preserved a great many archaic features in both grammar and pronunciation” has said famous linguist Prof. Suniti Kumar Chatterjee in I.H.Q. Vol.XXIII, 1947.p.337.

Replacement of R by D has ruined this “archaic feature”.

As Chatterjee has noted, Oriya is an ancient language of India that has “preserved a great many archaic features” and, as Linguistic Survey of India has determined, it is so vast in vocabulary that Telugu cannot vie with it.

If Telugu became a classical language in 2008, why Oriya is left behind?

This is because, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, whose mother tongue is not Oriya and who has no knowledge about the “high antiquity” quality of Oriya language, which is the cardinal condition for recognition of a language as classical, had by then started playing the mischief against this quality of the language.

Instead of demanding for recognition of Oriya language as a classical language of India, Naveen had made his followers in the Assembly adopt a Resolution on 28th August, 2008 to change the name of Orissa to Odisha oblivious of how adversely that was to affect the “high antiquity” quality of Oriya language. So, instead of Oriya language, Telugu earned the status of classical language.

Naveen, who has killed the soul of Orissa by forcing its people into displacement to handover their lands and living environment to the non-Oriya – even foreign – industrial houses, was in dire need of something to show the people that he is not anti-Oriya. The alteration of Orissa’s name was contrived to help him in this regard. On this mischievous measure metamorphosing into a law with supportive constitutional amendment, Naveen was so relaxed that official holiday was declared to celebrate it as a victory and the entire administrative machinery was misused to project him as the greatest epitome of Oriya nationalism by squandering away, on the occasion, the State exchequer in propaganda and fireworks.

It is a shame that the supporters of the “alteration” who feel “proud” over the change of the English spelling of Orissa and Oriya to Odisha and Odia, in the name of Oriya nationalism, are not ashamed of the very fact that their mother tongue has lost its primacy as the official language in Orissa in the administration of Naveen Patnaik, even though the State’s Official Language Act 1954 that had made use of Oriya language compulsory in official works, is 15 years senior to Official Language Act framed by the Union Government for India and their motherland is also the first amongst all the States of India to have been formed as a province on the basis of its language.

However, it is to be noted that some of my friends are of the opinion that the letter constituting the crux of my discussion has no two situational shapes; but the two shapes are of two different letters acting as two different phonemes.

The set of Oriya alphabets depicted by old Oriya dictionaries, given below, is capable of making the position clear.
oriya alphabets

The greatest ever encyclopedic lexicon of Oriya language, ‘Purnnachandra Ordia Bhashakosha’, in distinguishing the two different situational uses of the concerned letter says, it is “the 13th consonant and the third letter of the “Ta’ series (cerebral), corresponding to the‘d’ sound. When it occurs at the beginning of Oria words it is pronounced as in day and when at the end or middle of a word, it is pronounced as rd in hird”.D We find ‘rd’ evolving into ‘r’ in writings of the leaders of Utkal Sammilani to whom we owe resurrection of our motherland that was deliberately and diplomatically divided into four separate limbs by the British because of its fear for the “disposition” of the inhabitants of this brave land, which, its area authorities were sure, “will always present formidable obstacles to suppression either by military or police” (Report of W. Forrester to Robert Ker, Dt. 9.9.1918).

The Law to change Orissa to Odisha and Oriya to Odia is a legal mischief to do away with this distinction and hence is a bad law that no Oriya, who loves the richness of his ancient vocabulary and respects the “high antiquity” quality of his beloved mother tongue, can ever obey.

For us, it would continue to be a matter of pride to disobey the Law that replaces R with D in international spelling of the names of our motherland and language: Orissa and Oriya.

President Mukherjee could make his son a Member of Parliament, but has he given him this upbringing?

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Abhijit Mukherjee is in the Parliament of India because his father Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, a faithful backer of late Indira Gandhi’s family, was rewarded with the post of the President.

Before becoming the President Mr. Mukherjee was known for his astute tackling of intricate issues that was afflicting the government he was serving as a minister time and again, as people of India, like as on today, were perishing under price rise of essential commodities, rise in volume of wretchedness, rise in starvation deaths, rise in distress sale of agricultural products, rise in massiveness of unemployment, rise in black money, rise in number of coffers in foreign banks, rise in corruption, rise in frustration amongst the people in the grassroots that Manmohan Singh’s pro-American policies were generating. Some of his activities were also very pleasing to US of America. So, there was no better person than him available to the ruling Congress and its supporters for replacing Ms. Pratibha Patil with.

It is therefore more shocking that this astute politician’s son has not learned how not to offend the women any further when political economy of rape has strengthened the offenders so much that even the Prime Minister had to take long eight days to open his mouth in the matter of the moving bus gang rape in South Delhi that has, since December 16, kept the country down headed.

Perhaps the President had not found enough time to give his son a good upbringing.

A Comment from an esteemed visitor and my Reply

I have received a comment on my continuing opposition to change of the English spelling of my motherland and mother tongue from an esteemed reader Sri Deba Prasad Parija. I could have replied to him on the dashboard itself. But, as I feel that it would be better if the debate continues, I deem it proper to post my reply on the major area of my page. So, here it is.

Sri Parija has written:

So we should change our pronunciation as the foreigners pronounce? If not then what wrong to correct the mispronunciation. I am sorry to tell some time we try to show our knowledge. Why we bother how Britishers call us, we have got them out and now time to correct our names. You may accept or not but 99.999999…%Odia has approved it even before the Bill was passed. Bande Utkal Janani.

My reply is:

Dear Sri Parija,
Thanks for the time given to the article.

You have perhaps not gone into the articles linked to this article and therefore, wrongfully attributed Orissa or Oriya to pronunciation by foreigners.

D and R_ situational use

From “Ordia” as in Purnachandra Bhashakosha to “Oriya” as developed by founding fathers of our resurrected State, our own pronunciation of D used in second and onward position in an Oriya word has evolved into the shape of this transliteration, when Oriya had attracted foreigners’ attention and our founding fathers – Kulabruddha Madhusudan Das et al – had the need to project Orissa before the foreign community.

Orissa and Oriya are the names in which our founding fathers had decided our motherland and mother tongue to be mentioned in English.

And, their decision was based on their pride in the archaic uniqueness of our language, that they had wanted the world to know.

The Kera-Oriya Naveen Patnaik, who, despite being in power for so many years, has not learned our language as yet, and his sycophants in the cabinet and the Assembly, and packs of habitual order carriers in bureaucracy and fellows in Parliament that do not know anything of the uniqueness of Oriya language have played this mischief against our mother tongue and heritage.

If, according to you, “99.999999…% of our people has approved” this mischief, it is necessary for history to take that so many people have been reduced to such pusillanimous condition within a decade of demoralizing misrule, that they – recognized from the times of the Epics to the British time as the bravest people in India – have lost their courage to go against the whimsical and capricious decisions of the Government.

But had the spelling change been ever subjected to plebiscite? Where from you got the statistics that 99.999999…% of our people have approved the spelling change “even before the Bill was passed”? Be honest. Be honest in contributing to living history, if you can.

In all my articles on this subject in these pages I have shown the distinction of D that forms the crux of this issue. For ready reference, I am placing this picture –

D in 2 different forms
Mark the two shapes of the single Oriya alphabet.

The archaic magnificence of Oriya language lies in this alphabet. When the letter is used in the first position of a word the first shape is used as in DARA.

D in the beginning of a wordD in the middleWhen the letter is used after the first alphabet in a word, its second shape with the dot underneath is used as in MADAKA.

D in 2 different use
To understand the distinction, mark the word DABADABA. Here the word has 2 uses of D. There is no dot under D, which is used at the beginning of the word. But there is a dot under D which is used as the third letter in the word.

The uniqueness of Oriya language lies in this. The single alphabet D appears in two forms: D in the first position of a word and D with dot underneath in subsequent positions. Therefore, the alphabet in second position has a dot underneath as in the name of our motherland and in the name of our mother tongue.D with dot underneath in our state namedot underneath as in the name of our mother tongue

This deference in situational shape of the single alphabet D, had given birth to use of R in place of D in the second or any later position in a word, as our founding fathers had preferred to show the world our distinction.

The change that the Kera-Oriya Naveen Patnaik has brought out in English spelling of the name of our motherland and mother tongue is against the archaic magnificence and classical distinction of our language over and above being an offense against our founding fathers.

The concerned law is a bad law and needs rejection with utmost contempt by everybody to whom Oriya’s linguistic beauty and archaic magnificence are matters of pride.
Kind Regards,
Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Orissa shall not become Odisha

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

I appreciate the deep love for the motherland that I mark in some of my friends when they appeal me to adopt Odisha in place of Orissa, specifically as the constitution has been amended to this effect and accordingly to change the name of orissamatters.com to odishamatters.com. Sri Pramod Chandra Pattanaik, my nephew, a highly patriotic intellectual and a retired IAS officer, whom I love and rely upon, represents this class of friends. I therefore, think it proper to post my views again in the matter.

A margin note in our Home page declares as to why shall we not adopt ‘Odisha’ in place of Orissa. There is a link therein that finally spells out as to why we will not change the English spelling of the name of our motherland and mother tongue despite the constitutional amendment. If any law asks a child to change the spelling of the name of his/her mother, it is proper to ignore that law; we maintain.

When Orissa’s Kera Oriya Chief Minister initiated this mischief, I had appealed him and his ministers not to adopt the proposal in the Cabinet as it would go against archaic uniqueness of Oriya language and damage its classical character. Stage by stage, in every stage, ORISSA MATTERS had argued as to why the proposed change was unnecessary, unwanted, uncalled for and injurious to uniqueness of Oriya language.

In the final stage, when the Parliament was to finally take up the issue, we, as a sentinel of Orissa, had also elaborated as to why this proposal should be rejected. But as the stupid politicians have no real concern for the motherland, the Constitution got amended. As my reaction thereto has been linked to the margin note on our Main page, I think, our views before its adoption, may help my friends getting the crux of the issue.

In answering as to why Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, whose aversion to Oriya is so deep that despite being in power for so many years he has not learned the language, is so very adamant to change the spelling of its name, I had, on June 11, 2008, written,

“Perhaps, after pushing Orissa into the labyrinth of chaos, he is in very much want of ways to hoodwink the people. So, he wants to create a confusing aura of Oriya nationalism in the guise of spelling of the name of the State and to use it as a camouflage to get people off their guard during elections that are not far away.

But why some others, specifically amongst e-mailers, are raising the chorus for change of Orissa into Odisha?

Perhaps, they may change on perusal of this posting or on further research at their respective levels. But if one is unable to understand the intricacies of Oriya language, it would be better for him or she to appreciate that motherland Orissa has many names like Odra, Udra, Uddiyana, Oddiyana, Utkal, Kalinga, Kosala, Tosala, Orissa, Udisa, Udishya etc. Call in any of these names, only she will thereby be addressed. There is no necessity to change or drop any of them.

Lord Vishu has a thousand names. So also Devi Durga. So also many of major Deities. So also mother Earth. If we have the liberty to call any of them in any of their names, we should have no problem in retaining every name of our motherland including Orissa.

What is that to us if Bombay became Mumbai or Calcutta became Kolkata or Madras became Chennai? Why should we belittle ourselves to be affected by that? Our motherland has many names with glowing history of heritage behind all of them. We have a place of pride under the Sun as an ancient nation of matchless creative people who are second to none in uprightness and valour.

If we have any reason to feel dejected and want to be extricated from that, we are not to imitate name changers of Bombay or Calcutta or Madras; we are to reject the name changers of Orissa, who have contrived this mischief to divert public attention from the damage they have done to this splendid soil”.

The entire article may be perused here.

Read with the article linked to the margin note in the home page of ORISSA MATTERS, this article, I believe, may make the background of why we continue to write Orissa and Oriya instead of Odisha and Odia clear to my friends.

I repeat, if any law is created to force a child to change the spelling of the name of his/her mother, that law deserves to be disobeyed with utmost contempt.

Neither Capital Punishment nor Castration can help: Political Economy of Capitalism must be rejected to rid the Country of Rape

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Instead of acting emotional, we must rise to reject the political economy of rape, if we seriously want to rid the country of the heinous crime that is spreading at par with strengthening of capitalism in India.

If the last decade in India was a decade of ever more vigorous implementation of capitalism with Manmohan Singh as Prime Minister, the same was a decade of continuously increasing instances of rape.

According to rape statistics of India released by the Union Home Ministry, there were 23582 instances of rape in India in 2011. This shows that in every 23 minutes there was a rape in the minimum in India in 2011. The UN rape statistics that focuses on India’s instances of rape year after year, shows that, when 18233 rapes were registered in 2004, the number increased to 18359 in 2005; to 19348 in 2006; to 20373 in 2007; to 21467 in 2008; to 21937 in 2009 and to 22172 in 2010, which, according to India Government’s report cited supra, increased to 23582 in 2011. So, rape in India has increased at par with increase in the volumes of implementation of capitalism by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. These are data of rapes registered by the Police only. But in reality much more rapes have taken place, as, social taboos in India do not encourage all rape victims reporting the information to Police. Almost all of the crimes of incest where elderly male members rape minor females or elderly females rape younger men in their respective families or in employment under them are usually not reported.

But from the reported data noted above, it is clear that rape has direct link with spread of capitalism.

Capitalism generates a sense of defeat in every individual.

Capitalism is political economy of inequality that constantly forces every individual into a sense of defeat.

It is easy to imagine that the wretched suffers from sense of defeat; yet it is true that the richest also suffers from the same sense of defeat.

Howsoever rich may be a person, he or she continues to feel that there are still more riches to acquire. This limitless desire for the number one position in wealth accumulation, a position that remains always vacant to entice individuals to compete with each other to become the richest, generates a constant sense of defeat in everybody.

But human beings are animals that never like to be defeated.

So, except the ones, who have the inherent or acquired ability to stay away from the traps of capitalism, every other individual contrives ways to overcome the sense of defeat that capitalism – the political economy of inequality – continuously and constantly generates. Rape is one such way.

Rape gives a feeling of victory to the rapist who, thereby, howsoever temporarily, overcomes his/her sense of defeat.

Sense of defeat, as discussed above, is generated and spread by capitalism and the ones who adopt capitalism are grabbed more definitely by the sense of defeat that they try to overcome always as secretly but determinedly as possible.

There is nothing to be surprised if they resort to rape.

If Dominique Strauss-Kahn, then the President of International Monetary Fund, was arrested for raping an American hotel maid through oral sex, Princess Diana of U.K. was attracting attention for her affairs with her former riding instructor James Hewitt and others.
These instances if infidelities are instances of pervert satisfaction due to instant victory over sense of defeat that capitalistic way of life continues to generate.

Rapists – male or female – are not necessarily prurient persons; but are runners after pervert satisfaction that consummation of rape gives them through artificial feeling of victory. This is the crux of political economy of rape.

India is under the grip of this political economy. Rape, therefore, cannot be stopped unless the political economy that generates rape is discarded.

True, the entire country has waked up against rape following national media publicity given to the brutal rape of a young woman of 23 in a moving bus in New Delhi on December 17. The crime is so horrific that the entire country is praying for the victim’s life while majority of thinking minds is demanding immediate amendment in criminal laws to provide for the rapist’s punishment with death sentence or castration.

But it would lead to further confusion, no solution.

As anybody – male or female – can, under pressure of capitalistic sense of defeat, seek pervert satisfaction of overcoming the feeling of defeat by way of rape, whom to hang and whom to castrate?

The crime of rape, caused more under mental condition than for physical need, cannot be eliminated as a phenomenon, unless the cause of this condition – capitalism – is discarded in its entirety.

That capitalism compels the country to protect the lives of rapists is a pointer to this.

In India, capital punishment for rape is not new. Indian Courts have punished rapists with death sentences in many instances. But majority of death sentences against the rapists has gone inconsequential in India under the grip of capitalism.

We may look at two recent instances.

Two of the rapists – Satish and Bantu of UP –who were given capital punishment for having raped and murdered two baby girls of 6 and 5 years of age in two separate incidents, were saved from the gallows by the President Ms. Pratibha Patil. By using her Presidential prerogative, she commuted the death sentences against both of them to life imprisonment in the months of May and June, 2012 respectively, even though she herself was a woman and the victims of both the convicted criminals were baby girls. Those who are very vociferously demanding for death sentence to the rapists had never condemned Patil’s misuse of mercy to save the above convicted criminals from the gallows and even now, they are not demanding for review thereof by the new President and for rejection of the mercy granted to them with retrospective effect.

So, in this country of political anarchy and of Presidents elected on the basis of loyalty to the boss of the ruling party, who are not answerable to any for misuse of Presidential prerogative, capital punishment to rapists is more likely to end in Presidential clemency than in execution.

On the other hand, castration is also not the solution. Rape is not an act of sexual assault by a male on a female alone. Female also rapes a female in acts of tribadism. More horrific is rape of younger men by elder women in families or environments under their control. History of incest sex is full of such instances. Surgical castration is of no utility against such female rapists. Chemical castration, wherever used in the world, has not stopped the phenomenon.

It transpires from a study on 242 rapists incarcerated in Tihar jail that 70% of them are “repeat offenders”, which proves that, through rape, they derive a gratification that they hanker for, tormented by constant feeling of defeat and deficiency in the capitalist system.

On the other hand, capitalism makes majority of the population malnourished. In the capitalist regime of Manmohan Singh, to quote the study conducted by Citizen’s Alliance against Hunger and Malnutrition (HANGaMA) launched by Prime Minister Singh himself, 43 % of India’s children below 5 are severely malnourished. Malnutrition is more common in India than the Sub-Saharan Africa, says UNESCO, according to which, 46% of all Indian children below the age of 3 are too small for their age, 47% are underweight and at least 16% are wasted. This makes us understand how severely malnourished must be the parents of these children. Capitalism practiced by Manmohan Singh has reduced India this state of malnourishment.

Malnourishment makes human bodies vulnerable to various microbes. Victims of microbes run for shortest routes to escape their agony. That leads to crime against the weaker ones, as thereby only; a psychological gratification is attainable, despite the physical inanition capitalism pushes them into. And, for this gratification, the stronger amongst the exploited rapes the weaker ones of his category. Rape is thus a crime that capitalism generates.
So, unless capitalism is destroyed, rape cannot be eliminated, whatever be the provisions under Law.

The elite media are diverting attention of the general public from the real cause of rape to mere post-rape punishment in order to protect capitalism from being exposed as the creator of the climate of rape. And, the elite class is also misleading the society in this matter. This will not solve the problem.

The problem of rape can be solved only if educated youth rise against capitalism and lead the people to nullify the political economy of rape.

We ought to understand that neither capital punishment nor castration can help: Political Economy of Capitalism needs be rejected to rid the Country of Rape.

And, the sooner we understand this, the better.

Orissa DGP may look at Cantonment P.S. to know how his Inspector Works

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Unless the Inspector-in-Charge agrees, no complaint can even enter into the Diary of the Police Station, says the Officer, who had received a complaint on 3 December 2012 in Cuttack’s Cantonment P.S. from Surendra Behera, an employee of ‘The Samaja’, founded by Utkalmani Gopabandhu Das, but allegedly fraudulently occupied by the Servants of the People Society. The IIC has not yet agreed to take cognizance of the complaint. So, despite the complaint legally filed in writing by the workman against a person who subjected him to criminal intimidation and wrongful confinement and another who abetted the crime, the complaint which should have been immediately registered as first information, has been kept out of attention.

The SoPS is in a quagmire of internecine battle between two groups of its members. The genuine fraction is led by its President Onkar Chand with Prof. K.C.Tripathi as acting President and the rival fraction by Manubhai Patel, which, despite brandishing an election in support of its claim to office, has not yet been able to establish the required legitimacy in the eyes of Law.

The IIC is aware of the mischief the Patel fraction is playing. In deciding Criminal Misc. case No. 569/12, U/s 144(2) Cr.P.C. instituted by the IIC of the cantonment P.S. Cuttack, the ADCP-cum-Executive Magistrate had to make mention that “coercive actions taken by the management may accentuate the tension prevailing inside the campus which may lead to wide spread chaos and can lead to risk of life and property”.

On the basis of the report of the IIC, the Court had further expressed apprehension that “highhanded attitude” of the occupiers of the Samaja may provoke stoppage of the paper’s circulation.

So, the IIC of Cantonment P.S. on whose report the Magistrate had taken cognizance of the case mentioned above, is aware of the “highhanded attitude” and “coercive action” of the occupiers of The Samaja who are yet to establish their legitimacy in representing SoPS.

One of such “highhanded” and “coercive action” is transfer and suspension of Devi Prasanna Nayak, President of the Trade Union of the employees of The Samaja.

The workforce could have gone on strike in protest against the illegality resorted to against Sri Nayak and the publication of the paper, as apprehended by the IIC as well as Magistrate, could have stopped.

But Sri Nayak, a totally disciplined, dedicated and well educated journalist, whose love, reverence and devotion to Utkalmani Pandit Gopabandhu Das is absolute, has done his best to ensure that the publication of The Samaja not stop, despite provocations.

Yet, the occupiers of The Samaja are continuing to harass Sri Nayak, because he is not willing to disobey the known authorities of SoPS, President Onkar Chand and acting President Prof. K.C.Tripathi.

They have cooked up a case of disobedience against him and have appointed a man as Inquiry Officer to make out the case against him.

This IO forced Sri Behera in a closed room in the Samaja office on 3 December 2012 to sign on dotted line on a backdated letter and kept him wrongfully confined in the room while requiring him to sign a document he was then preparing. Behera refused to comply with the wrong order and escaped from the confinement and reported to the Cantonment P.S. forthwith, seeking protection, as he was intimidated with threat to his service.

The IIC is refusing to register the information or admit it even into station diary.

This is not a solitary instance. The FIR filed by Sourav Sahu against persons that constitute the Patel fraction is gathering dust in the P.S. since 19 July 2011 despite directions of the Orissa High Court to the Police to inquire into allegations of corruption and misappropriations of the funds of the Samaja and to “proceed with the case in accordance with Law”.

nomenclature 1In the High Court case, the Director General of Police was a member of the Opposite Party. So, he knows that the Police Station had not acted against the practitioners of alleged corruption and misappropriation of funds of The Samaja.

As O.P. No.1, he had got the High Court direction dated 2 May 2011.

nomenclature 2Despite that, when no action was taken against the accused persons, Sri Sahu moved the High Court again, seeking a direction for implementation of the Court’s May 2, 2011 orders.
The DGP was also made the O.P. in this case.

And, on 14 July 2011, the High Court issued orders to immediately implement the earlier order of May 2, 2011.

Being the O.P., the DGP also received the order wherein the Deputy Commissioner of Police, Cuttack was directed to ensure that action is taken without delay.

The IIC of Cantonment P.S. was to take action. But he is yet sleeping over the issue.

Is it not time for the DGP to look at the Cantonment P.S. of Cuttack and see whether or not the corrupt occupiers of ‘The Samaja’ have gained over the IIC; and if not, why is he sleeping?

Youth Red Cross Counselors told of the importance of Volunteerism

The youth wing of Orissa State Branch of Indian Red Cross Society imparted training to its untrained counselors in a special camp held from 12 to 14 December in its headquarters at Bhubaneswar

The program was inaugurated on December 12 by MLA Amar Prasad Satpathy in the presence of Director Higher Education Prof.(Dr.) Satyakam Mishra and Honorary Secretary, Indian Red Cross Society, Orissa State Branch Dr.Mangala Prasad Mohanty. Around 50 Youth Red Cross Counselors from 17 districts across Odisha participated.

During these three days training camp the counselors were imparted training on Disaster Preparedness and Disaster Risk Reduction, First Aid, Road safety, Blood Science, Motivation for organizing blood grouping and blood donation, HIV/AIDS, Youth leadership Volunteerism along with the history of Red Cross Movement, Development, Fundamental Principles of Youth Red Cross, etc.

in the y.rc eventThe Valedictory function of the training program was organized on December 14 in the Red Cross Bhavan, Bhubaneswar. Deputy Secretary of Higher Education department Dr.U.N.Sahoo, noted Journalist Mr.Prasanta Pattnaik joined as Guests of Honor.

Honorary Secretary, IRCS-OSB Dr.Mangala Prasad Mohanty, in welcoming the guests and participants, highlighted the vital role played by YRC Counselors’ on grooming the volunteers as good human beings. Dr. Sahoo stressed on the importance of volunteerism in the current society when Sri Pattnaik appreciated the activities of Youth Red Cross and advised the Counselors to motivate the volunteers to be dedicated and determined to serve the nation.

Dr. Sarita Supkar Youth Red Cross Officer coordinated the training program and thanked the guests and participates.