TIGIRIA SAMMAN CONFERRED ON ILLUSTRIOUS SONS OF THE SOIL

(Pictorial input from Harekrushna Pattanayak, Tigiria)

Tigiria Samskuti Parisad, hereinafter called the Parisad, founded by former Member of Parliament representing Orissa in the Rajyasbha, Subas Mohanty and young intellectuals of Tigiria, honored three of the illustrious sons of the soil on 28 December 2011 with Pranab Kishore Pattanayak in the chair.

Eminent persons from all parts of the Ex-State witnessed Tigiria Sammana presented to Dr. Debi Prasanna Pattanayak for being an author and linguist of international repute, to Sri Amulya Ratna Nanda IAS (Rtd) for being a distinguished head of administration in various departments and ministries in State as well as Central level and to Sri Lalit Mohan Pattanayak for being a guiding light in sports didactics, honored by the President of India for best of contributions to the Scouts movement in Orissa.

Eminent Dramatist, Advocate Suryanarayan Mohanty read out the citations to each of them as chief of orissamatters.com Sri Subhas Chandra Pattanayak presented the awards.

TIGIRIA DESERVES RECOGNITION AS BIRTHPLACE OF ODISSI

In presenting the Samman, Sri Pattanayak, by birth a Tigirian, recalled the glorious past of this ex-State and its matchless contributions to culture of Orissa. One of its contributions was the dance form that has developed into Odissi, he said.

Dwelling on the darkest phase of Orissa’a history when Sri Mandira of Puri had to suffer absence of the deities for 12 years, which, according to Pt. Kedar Nath Mohapatra in Khurudha Itihas, had begun on May 16, 1692, as on that day, the Gajapati (King Emperor of Orissa) had to concede defeat and allow the invading Muslims to take away the Jagannatha Trinity by desecrating the Ratna Vedi (The Lord’s podium) under orders of Aurangzeb, Sri Pattanayak said that in reality the Mogul General had taken away only duplicate images of the deities, willfully kept to deceive the invaders. The real images were kept hidden in Bimala’s backyard from where, according to Madala Panji, they were taken away into an unknown place. Madala Panji says, nobody knew whereto they went; but because of that, all rituals in Sri Mandira had stopped.

Recalling the scenario, Sri Pattanayak claimed that Shankarshan Tunga Mandhata, then the King of Tigiria, had, under a plan finalized with the Gajapati, secretly carried the images by trained elephants from the compound of Bimala up to Mahanadi and then in boats into his State, in recognition whereof the Gajapati had conferred on him the rank of Bada Pariccha, the second highest rank – below the Gajapati and above the Rajguru – in the deity’s protocol, with hereditary right, a position no other king of Orissa is ever bestowed upon with.

After twelve years, suffering heavy loss in pilgrimage tax as pilgrims had stopped visiting Puri due to non-existence of the deities in Sri Mandira, the Mogul Emperor commissioned new images of Jagannath Trinity in the Ratna Vedi and thus the original Trinity could not go back to Puri from Tigiria, he said.

This unexpected stay of Sri Jagannatha – called Prasanna Mani and Prasanna Purusottama Dev because of He having been pleased to stay in this small principality – not only made Tigiria the most densely peopled amongst all the princely States, but also gave rise to unprecedented cultural activities in Tigiria.

During the resultant renaissance, Prince Jadunath @ Jadumani Tung Rai Singh amalgamated Alasa Nrutya of coastal Orissa with Tunga Nrutya, the martial folk dance promoted by his family and known by his family name, as to him this must have seemed a must for maintaining agility and complete physical fitness of his subjects as they were to have been kept ready to protect the Trinity from enemy attacks at anytime, when the techniques of war including training of war animals as well as development and use of advanced weaponry was provided with in his father Gopinath Tunga’s unique work on warfare, ‘Veera Sarvaswa’, he said.

This new form of dance, that Jadunath created by amalgamating Alasa and Tunga Nrutyas, was having no name, but was in practice in Tigiria.

Jadunath had codified the process of the dance in a scripture he had authored under the caption ‘Abhinaya Darpana Prakasha’, which according to Pandit Kedar Nath Mohapatra in Descriptive Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts of Orissa, was in vogue in Orissa as the grammar of the dance form now known as Odissi. But despite presence of this scripture, Odissi exponents are in dark about scriptural base of the dance, the classical status whereof they use to their benefit.

Kavichandra Kalicharan Pattanayak, whose singleminded endeavor finally fetched the national recognition of Odissi as a classical dance, had translated Abhinaya Darpana Prakasha into English with illuminating footnotes. Orissa Directorate of Culture had taken away all his manuscripts after his death for proper maintenance to facilitate their referral use. But sadly the same is no more available to scholars. This wrong must be corrected and Abhinaya Darpana Prakash be recognized as the scripture of Odissi and Tigiria its birthplace, said Sri Pattanayak, over and above many other aspects of Tigiria’s contribution to Orissan culture he dwelt upon.

The Best of Awards Ever Received

In response to the felicitation, Dr. Debi Prasanna Pattanayak said that he has been bestowed upon with various awards in the national and international level. But Tigiria Samman given to him by the soil of his birth, is certainly the best of awards ever received. He fondly recalled his childhood days and narrated how this land was a land of universal brotherhood. Those days are always desired, he said.

Sri Amulya Ratna Nanda recalled the romance of learning that teachers and classmates had generated, as he remembered Tigiria of his student days. Working life might have made him stay away, but the birthplace has remained always attractive. Therefore, Tigiria Samman would remain for him most cherished for ever, he said.

Sri Lalit Mohan Pattanayak recalled how unreserved cooperation of the people of Tigiria had helped him make his contributions to the world of sports in the region and inspired him to expand his interest into the scouts movement. The President Award that he got for the outstanding marks he made in Scouts was like a dream come true, but if, he said, there was anything to feel proud in that, he shared that pride with his villagers, because here in Tigiria, his priorities were shaped. He said that the youngsters must chase dreams of their own choice with social relevance so that a better world to live in would emerge. To him, no award was greater than the honor his birthplace gave him.

In his Presidential speech, Pranab Kishore Pattanayak informed that the Sanskruti Parisad would go on honoring illustrious children of Tigiria in the soil of their birthplace every year from now on.

Pujya Puja (honoring the worthy) is a major objective of the Parisad, said Advocate Bikram Keshari Dash, Secretary, in his report.

Advocate Surya Narayan Mohanty acted as the coordinator.

Amongst the eminent persons from different parts of Tigiria, present in the auditorium were: Bikram Pratap Singhdeo (2nd son of the King of Tigiria), Gopinath Dash (Retired Chief Engineer), Gobind Chandra Sahu (Retired Head Master), Naba Kishore Mishra, Gagan Bihari Pattanayak, Bijay Mohanty, Ramakant Panda, Durga Charan Das and Sushil Kumar Nanda. Advocate Pranakrushna Dash and Advocate Fani Bhusan Rath from Athgarh were also present.

Eligible for High School graduation, but financially disadvantaged eight students were given gift packets containing money towards their examination fees by Sri Pranakrishna Choudhury, Secretary of John Augustus Prison and Social Services, Athgarh, in course of the meeting. Sri Choudhury in a short speech apprised the audience of humane manners of Augustus.

The Parisad is a brainchild of former Rajyasabha member Subas Mohanty who witnessed the entire proceeding from the dais.

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To Relations and Family Friends Asharani Becomes Omnipresent as Twelve Day Long Funeral Rites Come to an End

(Pictorial Inputs from Laxmi Prasad Pattanayak, Amulyaratna Das and Nigamananda Dash)

Funeral rites of Asharani Pattanayak ended on the twelfth day of her transformation into omnipresence on 27 December after obsequies at her native place Tigiria, when the tenth and eleventh day rites were performed at Bhubaneswar, where she passed away on the 16th.

Her eldest son Subhas Chandra Pattanayak performed the last rites. The family members and close relations numbering more than a hundred of both the genders spanning four generations attended Tutha (oblation ceremony) at a public waterbody at Bhubaneswar chosen for the purpose and offered sesame sprinkled water in libation known as Tila Tarpana on the tenth day of the rites on 25 December.

Before this ceremonial libation took place, all the participants irrespective of gender got their nails trimmed. The sons and nephews of Asharani clean-shaved their heads and beards and other male relations trimmed the hairs on their heads and shaved. The only exception was Subhas Chandra Pattanayak himself, who just tonsured because of certain medical advice.

Symbolic of eternity

Trimming of nails never stops the growth of nails, but instead, it always is followed by instant growth thereof. Similarly, trimming or shaving of hairs and beards generates new growth thereof. So, cutting of nails and trimming or shaving of hairs and beards or tonsuring are symbolic of continuous growth after end.

This is same with the sesame seeds. A sesame seed generates thousands of seeds when sown even on dry lands and contain oil that strengthens the nerve system and act as a refreshing agent. Therefore use of sesame seeds on the tenth day of passing away of a dear one is symbolic of renewable stamina and growth after end.

The tenth day is symbolic of the ten directions – the eight points of the compass and the two points above the head and below the feet of a person – whereinto, after cremation, the body, metamorphosing into elements, spreads and becomes omnipresent.

So, on the tenth day, during day time – as the Sun, synonym of Buddha the benefactor of all and proponent of death as a phase of life, must be then staying in the sky – the obsequial offering of sesame-sprinkled water in libation are made in honor of the departed dear one.

This particular rite, thus, is symbolic of eternity and therefore, most refreshing after the shock of bereavement, notwithstanding misguiding scriptural rituals coined by vested interest elements at various stages of evolution of an exploitive system.

Celebration of omnipresence

On the eleventh day on 26 December, about five hundred relations and family friends attended the funeral feast at Bhubaneswar and more than that at Tigiria on the twelfth day on 27 December in celebration of Asharani’s transformation into omnipresence. They very fondly recollected the affectionate personality that she was and most of them discussed how concerned was she for the well-being of everybody that was coming in contact with her.

Her passion for reading and learning as well as her devotion to traditions well known to relations, a solemn congregation of educated persons belonging and related to Brahmin villages (symbolic of centers of learning in ancient times) of Tigiria was conveyed at the residence of Sri Subhas Chandra Pattanayak at Bhubaneswar on December 26. Pandit Bhagaban Acharya, retired Deputy General Manager (Telephone Revenue) of Government of India, well known exponent of the Vedas in the region, led the congregation comprising Padmanav Mishra, Biranchi Narayan Mishra, Sridhar Mishra, Sarat Kumar Panda, Rama Shankar Mishra and Uma Shankar Mishra. Pandit Acharya recited and interpreted Vedic hymns to show how cycle of life goes on uninterrupted despite death and how death helps evaluation of life. Rama Shankar cited scriptures in this regard too.

Sri Malaya Kumar Pattanayak, Asharani’s son-in-law through niece Nirmala Pattanayak, gifted copies of Srimad Bhagavat Gita with containers to the Pandits on the occasion.

Prof. Biswaranjan, celebrated educationist, author, orator and editor of Khabara; Author and Columnist Prof. Jayanta Kumar Biswal; Poet Prof. Hara Prasad Parichha Patnaik; Author and Columnist Dr. Bibudharanjan; former member of Orissa State Public Service Commission, Hemant Kumar Das; Veterinary Scientist Kailash Chandra Pattanaik; Col. Mahi Pratap Mohanty; Secretary of Orissa Environment Society Prof. Sundar Narayan Patra; Former Engineer-in-Chief-cum-Secretary of Works, Er. Piyusakanti Quanungo; former Deputy Labor Commissioner marked for action against exploitive employers, Sura Narayan Patra; Karmayogi Sri Laxmidhar Mohapatra; Dr. Manoranjan Das; Prof. Nirmal Parija; Prof. Jugal Kishore Mishra; Eminent meteorologist and founder of Misra Technique Dr. Asok Misra; educationist Kiranabala Pattanayak; Prof. Yotsnarani Pattanayak; former Director of GRIDCO Er. Bijay Kumar Mohanty; present Director of GRIDCO Er. Alekh Mallick; Health administrator Dr. Nirmala Mallick; Prof. Asok Kumar Mohanty; Endocrinologist Prof. Dr. Binay Kumar Mohanty; former Chief Engineer and Power Consultant Er. Nagen Mohapatra; former Director of Orissa State Forensic Laboratory Dr. Basanta Kumar Das; Prof. Dr. Amiya Kumar Mohanty; Former Chief of Government Electrical Department Er. Rajkishore Sahoo; Historian Major Dr. Kumudini Barai; Author Asit Mohanty; Film Editor Deven Mishra; Senior Advocate Sarat Kumar Panda; Documentary Producer Padmanav Mishra; former AIFS (P&T) officer Bhagabana Acharya; former IFS officer Pratap Chandra Pattanayak; former IAS officer Pramod Chandra Pattanayak; Prof. Supriti Mohanty; eminent Homeopath Dr. Dinakrushna Nanda; eminent Textile Technologist Ratindranath Kanungo; Sanskrit scholar Dr. Pramila Mishra; Irrigation expert Er. Prafulla Pati; author Dr.Bijayalaxmi Mohanty; eminent Arboriculturist Damodar Pattanayak; author Gobinda Bhuyan; Prof. Priyambada Mohanty were a few amongst those who fondly recollected and bid adieu to Asharani in the evening of the eleventh day.

Prof. Dr. Rabindranath Kanungo, Dr. Shubhashish Sircar, Sri Tathagata Satpathy, eminent Journalist Sri Prasanta Patnaik, eminent Journalist Barendrakrushna Dhal, Editor of Samadrusti Sri Sudhir Pattanaik, Editor of Orissabarta Sri Manoj Kant Dash, Ms. Mohima Bose, Prof. J. N. Dash (Dash Benhur), Prof. Mrinal Chatterjee, Er. Lalit Patnaik, Sri Ajay Raut, eminent Journalist Soumyajit Pattnaik, Film Director and columnist Kapilas Bhuyan, Prof. Shailendra Narayan Tripathy, Sri Uma Ballav Rath etc were amongst those who could not attend the rituals but paid obituary oblations through condolence messages. Close friends and relations like Narayan Patra, Mrs. Smrutirekha and Mr. Jatindranath Kanungo paid obituary respects in person.

Grand son-in-law of Asharani, Sri Ajay Mohapatra organized the funeral functions at Bhubaneswar on December 26 whereas her eldest son Subhas with co-operation from her other sons – Suresh, Naresh, Harekrushna and Ramakrushna, nephew Paresh, sons-in-law Lalit Mohan Pattanaik, Rabi Narayan Pattanayak, Sudhanshu Das, Bijay Pattanayak and daughters Bijayalaxmi Das, Prativa Pattanayak, Sanjukta Das, Susama Manjari Pattanayak and Kanaka Manjari Pattanayak conducted the funeral feast at Tigiria on December 27. Her youngest daughter Bijayalaxmi, who had attended to her on her hospital bed day and night during the entire period of hospitalization offered Prasada from a temple to about a hundred of poor leprosy patients residing in Jagannath Palli, a Kusthashram (Leprosy colony) in Mancheshwar area of Bhubaneswar. Her eldest daughter Kanaka Manjari and grand daughter Nibedita also did similar offerings.

Active Participants

Maa Anuradha Bose, Laxmidhar Mohapatra, Asok Misra, Lalit Mohan Pattanayak, Sudhansu Kumar Das, Bijay Kumar Pattanayak, Manoranjan Das, Bikash Pattanayak, Jayakrishna Pattanayak, Sudhansu Mohanty, Baikuntha Bihari Pattanayak, Dillip Pattanayak, Udayanath Pattanayak, Priyanath Pattanayak, Dhiren Das, Bijay Kumar Raut, Banchhanidhi Pattanayak, Sushil Kumar Samantaroy, Pramod Kumar Pattanayak, Damodar Pattanaik, Karnenduraja Pattanayak, Pulin Bihari Mohanty, Prasanna Kumar Pattanayak, Ananta Kumar Das, Mihir Pattanayak, Swarup Pattanayak, Asok Kumar Pattanayak, Subrat Kumar Das, Shubhendu Kumar Das, Purnima Pattanayak, Bishwamohan Goswami Mahapatra, Col. Mahi Pratap Mohanty, Chitta Ranjan Pattanayak, Nibaran Mohanty, Rabi Narayan Pattanayak, Smruti Ranjan Das, Sribatsa Mohanty, Kalpana Roy, Sudhansu Mohanty, Manoj Kumar Das, Nila Madhab Mohanty, Shobhabati Dei, Dhaneshwara Pattanayak representing Purnima Pattanayak, Biraja Prasad Pattanayak, Debendranath Mohanty, Amulya Ratna Das, Amulya Kumar Tunga Samanta, Bishwamohan (Bishu) Pattanayak, Rabi Narayan Pattanayak, Hadibandhu Singh Samanta, Prashanta Kumar Das, Prasanta Kumar Pattanayak, Gagan Bihari Pattanaik, Hemanta Kumar Das, Ratindranath Kanungo, Shishir Ranjan Mohanty, Ratikanta Das, Chittaranjan Das, Pradyumna Kumar Pattanayak, Jagat Mohan Pattanayak, Piyusha Kanti Quanungo, Prof. Namita Pattanayak, Pradipta Kumar Pattanayak, Prof. Bishwaranjan, Malaya Kumar Pattanayak, Bibhuti Bhusan Pattanayak, Prafulla Kumar Pattanayak, Janaki Ballav Pattanayak, Naba Kishore Pattanayak, Major Dr. Kumudini Borai, Asoka Kumar Mohanty, Nirmal Parija, Dr. Basanta Kumar Das, Chinmay Chiranjibi Das, Indramani Mahalik, Goura Kishore Pattanayak, Ajay Kumar Mohanty, Dr. Binay Kumar Mohanty, Dillip Singh, Bijay Kumar Mohanty, Shashi Bhusan Mohanty, Sundar narayan Patra, Pratap Chandra Pattanayak, Bira Kishore Mishra, Gagan Bihari Pattanayak, Suryanarayan Mohanty, Pranab Kishore Pattanayak, Ramesh Chandra Tunga Samanta amongst others were conspicuous by their active participation in the function.

Loving villagers offered Kirtan as a mark of their respect for her at the end of the twelve day long rites.

A souvenir on Asharani, captioned Dahana Daha, was brought out on the occasion.

Odissi gone into Guinness Records Despite Filth Created by Orissa Government

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak with pictorial input from Aradhana Misra

Orissa Government has pathetically failed in preserving, protecting and projecting the true history of Odissi dance, which, with 555 artists performing for 28 minutes at a stretch at the Kalinga Stadium of Bhubaneswar, on 23rd December, has gone into Guinness Book of World Records.

A dance is a classical dance, because of its creation by and adherence to specific scriptural codes. The scriptural codes of Odissi are provided for in Abhinaya Darpana Prakasha authored by Jadunath Rai Singh, then the prince of Tigiria belonging to Tunga dynasty, which, the famous scholar Pt. Kedarnath Mohapatra, in Descriptive Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts of Orissa prefers to describe as “the Grammar of Odissi dance”.

To keep warriors of his State physically fit and agile for protection of the Jagannatha trinity that his grand father Sankarshana Chamupatisigh Mandhata – the King of Tigiria – had, under a plan prepared by him and the Gajapati Emperor of Orissa, secretly transported into his principality from the backyard of Goddess Bimala in the night of 16 May 1692 by misguiding the Moghul commander take away a duplicate set of images from the temple podium of the Lord (as per Pt. Mohapatra in Khurudha Itihasa), Prince Jadunath had amalgamated Alasa Nrutya prevalent in coastal temple systems and the martial dance called Tunga Nrutya developed by his own predecessors. And for the new form of dance thus created, though not named by him, he had prescribed the codes in Abhinaya Darpana Prakasha, the scripture he authored as referred to above.

Centuries after his death, the unnamed dance form metamorphosed into Odissi.

So, it is Jadunath Tunga Rai Singh, who alone should be recognized as the father of Odissi dance. Yet, he is not honored as the real creator of this classical dance or provider of its scriptural codes.

On the other hand, it is Kabichandra Kali Charan Pattanayak whose single minded campaign carrying his dedication to and concentration in revival of the dance system has earned the classical status for Odissi. He was the real man behind recognition of this system as a classical dance. The Odissi practitioners now-a-days do not remember this man, who, despite subterfuge resorted to by envious elements, had obtained for the dance the recognition of its classicality.

But sadly, a few famous artists like late Kelucharan Mohapatra and Kumkum Mohanty, taking advantage of the political Government’s sophomoric approach to culture of the State, have, in their own way and through cronies, exploited different forums and occasions to project themselves as creators of the dance form.

The Odissi Dance Festival that commenced with the Kalinga Stadium event and is scheduled to continue till December 30 in different halls at Bhubaneswar, wherein a USA based organization is collaborating, had the occasion even to accept without any grumble that it is Kelu babu, from whom the dance came into form.

This happens when a political Government remains addressed to benefits of the ruling party than to benefit of the State.

The political government of Orissa is so very averse to cultural environment of the State that it had made the mega event take place in obnoxiously filthy an atmosphere.

A conscious subscriber, Ms. Aradhana Misra, has sent us pictures of the Odissi dancers while performing for the purpose as well as of the filthy environment where they were forced to perform before the observers from Guinness Book of World Records.

All the seats of Kalinga Stadium – that had costed the State Exchequer Rs.103 crores, according to a functionary thereof – are littered by bird droppings with no attempt ever made to clean them up as a result of which the filth is standing for years on the chairs and on the floors and between the rows and wherever the eyes go.

It is claimed that an amount of Rs.10 crores is spent on costumes for the dancers on this occasion. In the prevalent environment of scams, whether or not the said amount is really spent on costumes is a different matter; but it is sure, had a portion thereof been drafted for cleaning the filth, the guinness records could have come in a befitting condition.

We congratulate the artists, because of whom, Odissi has created a landmark in the world records. But, we should be failing in our duty if we do not say: Odissi has gone into Guinness Records despite the filth created by Orissa Government.

Except resizing, the pictures used in this report are absolutely unedited for records.

Lokpal Bill: The Hoodwinking Art Contrived to Smash Mass Awakening against Corruption and Maladministration

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Mrs. Sonia Gandhi’s close friend Ottavio Quattroche, whose black connection had blackened Rajiv Gandhi so filthily that the “Mr.Clean” Prime Minister had to get out of office under the stink of Bofors kickbacks, could not be punished, because the CBI withdrew its case against him with Mrs. Gandhi ruling the roost as the godmother of Manmohan Singh government. The Lokpal Bill drafted by the same government that runs under the control of the same Mrs. Gandhi, keeps the CBI out of purview of the Lokpal as if police officials would turn paragons of virtue instantly on being posted to this bureau by the political government!

Is it how corruption is to end?

Conditional inclusion of the Prime Minister is also of no utility in elimination of corruption.

Firstly, any condition riding a Law against corruption is a curtain legislatively contrived to provide a shrewd protection to the corrupt and secondly, corruption is congenital to the environment of capitalism, which the right viruses in politics bring about.

So, as long as the country stays under the grip of capitalism, no Prime Minister can end corruption and no amount of interference by a Lokpal can cause a change.

Prime Ministers may come and Prime Ministers may go, but corruption shall go on for ever till political economy of “inequality” as diagnosed by Dr. Ambedkar in his concluding speech on Constitution in the constituent Assembly of India, continues to keep the country engulfed.

Economy of inequality that post independence India has been forced to adopt by propertied politicians (as confessed by the President even in the Constituent Assembly) provides the mafia with the scope to loot public exchequer and accumulate personal wealth by any means, one of which is corruption as exemplified in the matter of Bofors kickback. The country could not punish the culprit in this first mega scam, because of CBI,manned by personnel, loyal like dogs to fellows in power, did not act diligently and ultimately killed the case.

Ever since Manmohan Singh’s arrival and rise in political horizon of India, the country has fallen in the labyrinth of scams and scandals involving lakhs of crores of rupees that has given birth to a class of neo-rich opportunists, who have no concern for the common man but have total concentration on multiplication of their own properties and creation and expansion of their private empires where a well paid executive layer serves as shock absorbers to keep steady the vehicles of exploitation of India.

These fellows execute their plans by bribing the politicians in power and officials in decision making positions as has come to light through CAG audits and JPC investigations and media exposures.

Harsad Mehta to Nira Radia, the period of India’s obnoxious economic offenses has seen the country ruined to its root by commission agents, lobbyists, body-entertainers, bribe givers and a section of media managers who act in nexus with the pet politicians or to net in politicians to be pet, in service of the capitalists – indigenous and foreign – ever since right viruses have infested the Government.

The scenario has not changed despite change in mandate. If Congress ministry under Narasingh Rao gave birth to Harsad mehta, BJP ministry under Atal Bihari Vajpayee pampered Ketan Parekh and no swindler is seen who is not prospering in the present regime of Manmohan Singh.

This is despite presence of rigorous laws, which, the Lokpal, if constituted, would “recommend” for implementation only.

For such a body, sadly, the attention of common man and administration is being encroached upon. Right viruses in politics, notwithstanding which party they belong to, are in their treacherous best to keep attention of the exploited masses engaged in this barren exercise, so that, collective consciousness would stay stymied away from examining if end of the political economy of inequality is the need of the day.

Be it aborted, rejected in the Parliament or adopted, the Lokpal bill is nothing but a hoodwinking art set to smash the new mass awakening against corruption and maladministration.

ATBN Advocates’ Association Celebrates Foundation Day

(Photos from Laxmi Prasad Pattanayak)

Advocates from the four Ex-States – Athgarh, Tigiria, Baramba and Narsingpur (ATBN) – belonging to Athgarh Sub-Division in the District of Cuttack, celebrated today the 17th foundation day of ATBN Advocates’ Association in the NALCO guest house auditorium at Bhubaneswar with F.B.Rath, its President, in chair.

Sarat Kumar Panda, President of Bhubaneswar Chapter of the Association, while welcoming and introducing the event, delivered the keynote address.

Advocates: Lalit Kumar Biswal, President of Narasingpur Bar Association, Surjyanarayana Mishra, President of Baramba Bar Association, Bikram Keshari Das, President of Tigiria Bar Association and Adwaita Charan Panda, senior advocate representing Athgarh Bar Association in absence of the President thereof gave views of their respective Bar Associations, when Sadayalaxmi Pattanayak, a Tigirian practicing in Orissa High Court, Jambeswara Das of Kandarpur, Athgarh, who heads the Cuttack Civil Bar Association and Banoj Kumar Pattanayak of Baramba, a High Court practitioner as well as Member of Orissa State Bar Council also addressed the conference.

The senior-most lawyer of Athgarh sub-division – Dhanurdhara Raut – was felicitated on this occasion. In his reply to the felicitation, he gave hint to now extinct Athgarh District created after independence.He recalled how Subhas Chandra Pattanayak of Tigiria, Pratap Chandra Pattanayak of Baramba and he together had initiated steps for its revival and urged upon the members of the Association to take up the issue.

Hemanta Kumar Das, eminent financial administrator and former member of Orissa Public Service Commission, addressing as Chief Guest, observed that in post independence India positive economic development has reduced poverty, but feeling of poverty generated generally by consumerism and specifically by neighbors’ envy has spread. This contradiction has been contributing to rising unrest in the country.

He eventually came to the current mass movement against corruption as led by Anna Hazare and even as he opined that Anna deserves support for his voice against corruption, the obstinacy he displays in the matter of constitution and scope of Jan Lokpal is counter productive inasmuch as no Prime Minister can function if every now and then he is to be dragged to a Lokpal. He emphasized on thus-far-and-no-more norm in agitations against administration, if a responsible democracy is to be built up and retained. He called upon the lawyers not to forget commitment to country in prosecuting and defending the under-trial persons in pursuit of financial gain and fame.

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak of orissamatters.com, who was the chief speaker, stressed on legal steps to revive the lost district of Narasingpur that was one of the eight districts created with Princely States after they merged with Orissa giving the State its present form. He gave vivid details of how the district was created and lost because of lust for power of a person, who taking advantage of being a minister in the interim government despite pre-merger public rejection at Athgarh and being influential because of grip on the highest circulated daily of the day published from Cuttack town, had caused obliteration of the Narasinghpur district by using the Government to reduced it to a subdivision under the district of Cuttack, so that, from his residence he can pull the strings through the Collector of Cuttack. It is time to revive the district as the people thereof have been drastically discriminated against when the rest of the seven districts created with the merged ex-states are in existence and are getting profuse amount of district development funds whereas annexed to a highly developed district like Cuttack, the most undeveloped four ex-states have been perishing due to lack of due development funding, he pointed out.

At the beginning of the meeting, the Association had paid silent standing respects to the mother of Sri Pattanayak, passed away on 16 December, along with obituary respects paid to member advocates living no more since its previous meeting.

In expressing deep gratitude for the kind gesture, Pattanayak described, how she had to endure unbearable terminal illness for several months with no hope of survival on the strength of medical science. He then urged upon the legal community to cogitate as to why should there not develop legal provisions , even through case-laws, to ensure final journey into peace with dignity for terminally ill, incurable and entirely atrophied old citizens instead of subjecting them to tormenting and barren treatments, squeezed ultimately into paranteral feed and bottled oxygen.

Emphasizing on evolution of humane face of law and elimination of judicial blunders that encourage wrongful prosecution, he cited the case of Mili Panda, who, despite quashing of cognizance against her in a lower court by Orissa High Court, is perishing in prisons under various pretexts. Hatred generated towards activism against exploitation is helping hijackers of public exchequer in accumulating massive wealth when maximum majority of Indians are being forced to thrive on distress sale of anything they have, including agro-products and offspring. The legal community, therefore, should consciously work for protection of pro-people elements from the dragnet of law misused in the guise of maintenance of law and order, he said.

He found similarity between the current anti-corruption drive by Anna Hazare and the one of 1977 led by J.P.Narain and observed that this drive would lead to no remedy exactly as the movement steered by JP had failed, because there is no agenda in it to change the country’s political economy from pro-rich to pro-society, from capitalism to socialsm. If right to equality is what is to be ensured by Law, then lawyers must act against political economy of inequality, he underlined.

Dev Narayan Pattanayak, Secretary of the Association proposed vote of thanks and the participants were given a lively musical treat.

Unuttered Yet Unanswered A Question of Late Asharani Pattanayak

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

My mother Asharani, the last daughter-in-law of Ex-State Tigiria’s last Rautroy (hereditary chief of the royal army till the State merged with India), the revered Late Jagabandhu Rautroy Pattanayak and wife of late Nishanatha Pattanayak, who despite being a member of a Mahatrana privileged family (hereditarily privileged to possess property without paying any royalty to the King), had given all the support for the Prajamandal Andolana (freedom movement of the inhabitants of Princely States), has breathed her last on the Hospital bed in the evening of 16 December 2011 at the age of 91. She succumbed to Gastric Adenocarcinoma, that had, by the time of diagnosis, after many weeks wasted in Kalinga Hospital without any relevant investigation, had spread into an incurable stage.

She was motherliness incarnate. She was simplicity incarnate. Aristocratic in mentality, she was most compassionate in reality.

All my childhood friends and all the children of our Sahi (neighborhood) were seeing in her the most concerned and affectionate mother that their experience could prompt them to comprehend and my childhood teachers who were coming to our house to teach me were also having the same feeling, as my revered teacher Sri Bira Kishore Mishra has told me several times.

She was a mother to all the labors that were working in our agricultural fields and engaged in household works. Never had it happened that a poor person had wanted any help from her, but was denied. As I remember my days in Tigiria, if a beggar was seemingly starving, she was not only giving alms, but also feeding him/her with utmost concern, care and affection.

Plants and animals in our compound and surrounding were one with her being always. The kindness and emotion with which they were being treated can be of seldom similarity elsewhere.

But she was of a typical Gadjati (paradigmatically highlander) personality that had, by birth, made her absolutely fearless and completely free of hypocrisy, and therefore, in her expression of appreciation or disapproval of any matter, she was honest, specific and sharp.

She was an early riser and a tireless user of time till retiring for the night. She had had no schooling, because the village Ganjara she was born to, (you may know of Ganjara from my poem first published in ‘Eureka‘ and compiled in my book on the anvil, ‘Ketebele Kemiti) had no school. A traditional Abadhan (Alphabet teacher) belonging to the astrologer caste had taught her up to the ability of reading Jagannatha Das’s Oriya Bhagavata and Sutra (formula) of basic arithmetic enough to keep accounts of domestic expenditures. But she had developed an enviable reading habit and whenever not busy in work in the home or garden, she was busy in reading poems, stories and Purans. Reading language newspapers every morning and watching Oriya news channels in every evening was one of her hobbies. But the highest of happiness she was having was in giving return gifts for every favor done to her by anybody at anytime. Even in Hospital bed, she had not given up this practice. Before she had become too shrunk to utter words, she had wanted me to give some lemons from our garden to a Doctor that had treated her quite kindly and had asked a nursing sister as to which fruit she likes most and knowing of her preference for mangos, she has given instruction to me and to my brothers to give her the best of mangoes from our garden, when the season comes.

Such and much more was my mother Asharani.

She gave a very brave fight against the pernicious disease. And, she endured the menacing pains sans any remission. Lest we in the family fall deep into worries, she was keeping her eyes closed while silently trying to suppress the tormenting aches that cancer was giving her. And, till her last moment, the dreaded disease that ate away her body, had failed to diminish her composure.

The Doctors knew that they cannot cure her. It was known that medical science cannot save her life. Yet, she was not led to peace, as the Laws of our land do not allow a terminally ill and incurable patient to die with dignity.

Her brooding about why this happens and her unuttered reaction that her tired glances were sending into my fingers had made me cry out on the screen of my iPhone on the corridors of the Hospital, in a state almost of abstraction.

I think to share one of such cries with you, because I feel, no terminally ill person of my mother’s age and condition should be compelled to suffer so severely for so many days till death terminates her breathe, when medical science pronouncedly fails to ensure a cure.

So, here is the poem – the reflection of my mother’s silent brooding – for you to cogitate her unuttered question and to speak out your mind, if you like, on whether or not there should be a Law to lead any incurable and terminally ill senior citizen to peace with dignity. The words may be mine, but mingling must be in them, the helpless cries of all the children bereft of the beloved parents in similar situations.

Let us rise above dogmas relating to life, in interest of dignity of life and on the basis of absolute love for the ones we love the most.

Here is the unuttered question:

WHY?

You know you are not able to tackle my ailment
My limbs are age-eaten,
My veins are dry.
Yet for the drips you need a way!

For parenteral feed you have pierced all my veins;
Needles have ushered in thrombosis in them.
Yet you go on making more punctures ignoring my pain.
Do I not deserve to sleep in peace
Without the needles exploring
my veins in vain?

I have lived my life for ninety years
And contributed my might to the society of ours.

I have neither wished any ill to any nor harmed any in life,
A simple citizen I always am, a content housewife.

I do not know if my atrophy is caused by age
Or by the country in rich-man’s bondage,
Or by the country’s lack of concern for common man,
Or by the spurious medicines available under prescription.

All I know is I am ill beyond your curing capacity;
My question is:
Have I no right to be led into peace with dignity?

Why is it?
Why?

Swargadwara Must First Be Freed From Biju Patnaik’s Posthumous Encroachment

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Posthumously Biju Patnaik has emerged a greater danger to Orissa than when he was alive. Not only almost all the welfare programs and mass concerned institutes are being named/renamed after him, but also public places are being arbitrarily used to erect his statues for keeping the political sky of Orissa shrouded under his shadow for the benefit of his son, who heads a government of sycophants in the State.

Even the greatest of burning grounds of Orissa -Swargadwara – to which Oriyas pour in with dead bodies of dear ones to cremate or with eagerness to stay at Puri towards the last part of life only to have the privilege of getting cremated here, which, they believe, would sure help them have salvation or with commitment to Oriya tradition of paying respect to this holy crematorium as and when they visit Sri Jagannath, has been spoilt with erection of his tomb on its chest for the same nefarious political purpose.

People of Orissa had refused him a fresh mandate, severely affected as they were by scams, scandals and corruption in every sphere of administration when he was the chief minister and so, he had to breathe his last divested of power. The people have now taken up a campaign to free the Swargadwar from his posthumous encroachment.

Even as the Swargadwara land scam has landed in the High Court where the State Government is trying to save its skin, a combine called Jagannatha Sena has started demanding demolition of the tomb, erected unlawfully on this socio-spiritual property of the people of Orissa since ancient days.

First protest against the wrong design

For me, this development is a matter of satisfaction; because I was the first to censure this unlawful erection in my animadversion on Biju Patnaik in these pages on 9 August 2006, which was, till now, the only protest against the wrong done to this famous soil for political and selfish purposes of Panaik’s family and factotums that have managed to occupy power in Orissa taking advantage of the provincial unit of the Congress party gone spoilt under shortsightedness of its so-called national high command.

Apprehension

But, there is apprehension that the litigation before the High Court may lead to legitimization of massive misappropriation of majority portion of this most cherished cremation ground of Orissa on the shore of Mahodadhi (wrongfully renamed Bay of Bengal by the British that had established their headquarters in Bengal after occupying the land).

It is so apprehended; because, the case is now coined over a mere one acre of land whereas according to available information, its expanse originally was more than 30 Acres. If this information escapes the attention the High Court and adjudication remains limited to the relief sought for, this splendid crematorium would stay shrunk for ever.

Originally serving the followers of Buddha, Swargadwara was by manipulation grabbed by a follower of Vedic exponent Shankaracharya, namely Shankara Madhusudan Tirthaswamy, through ‘marfatdari’ (caretaking), in 1889 as, by then, Buddhist Sanghas in Orissa had almost been obliterated. Yet, the land was retained under lordship of Sri Jagannatha as ‘Amrutamanohi’ property.

If the High Court does not look beyond the preferred litigation and keeps itself limited to the dispute over the one Acre, handed over deliberately and mischievously to Puri Municipality in 1985, the original Swargadwara cannot be retrieved from the trespassers that have grabbed the land by manipulative means. The transfer of this small amount of land to the Municipality in 1985 was certainly a shrewd attempt to whitewash the crime and burry below the carpet for ever the illegal occupation of 30 times more land of Swargadwar by the land-grabbers after the same was left under ‘marfatdari’ of Tirthaswamy named supra. This illegality need be quashed with retrospective effect. And, for this, “better late than never” should be the dictum to guide the judicial wisdom.

Judiciary, which is the last refuge of cheated people of Orissa, ought to appreciate that the mischief the Government is playing in this matter is devastative.

Official mischief

In the first official response to public protests against shrinking of Swargadwara, the State Revenue Secretary asserted that the Swargadwara was never in existence. When the general public vehemently protested against this notorious lie, administration amended its version to say that the place the people call Swargadwara, was created in 1985, by way of allotment of 900 decimals of land to the Puri Municipality for crematorium purpose and later, through addition of another 100 decimals thereto on acquisition from private sources, for the same purpose. Out of this 1000 decimals (one acre), the government says, some persons have taken lease from the Municipality of certain portions and thus there is no encroachment.

The details of this, veracity thereof and legality, one expects, would be looked into by the court.

But for us, it is now pertinent to see why Swargadwara needs be freed from Biju’s posthumous encroachment.

Swargadwara: Its history and uniqueness

Before that it is necessary to understand Swargadwar and its uniqueness and why for ages it has stayed so close to the hearts of the people of Orissa.

The uniqueness of Swargadwara is discernible in its geographical location on the sea shore of Puri.

The wind flowing from Mahodadhi (the sea) over Swargadwara almost always moves in the direction of the Jagannatha temple where flutters atop it the flag of Buddha called ‘Patitapavana Bana’. The flag is so named, because Purusottama Buddha, the best amongst the sons of the soil of Orissa (The Real Birthplace of Buddha by Chakradhar Mohapatra, Grantha Mandir, Cuttack) was revered as Patita Pavana (emancipator of the downtrodden).

People believe, life after death, transported from a pyre at Swargadwar by the wind from the sea (Mahodadhi) mingles with the fluttering of the Patitapavana Bana on the Nilachakra of the Jagannatha temple and gets lifted thereby up into the Gagana (sky), conceived as Buddha in Vajrayana.

The greatest amongst the sons of Orissa for all time to come (Purusottama, meaning the ‘best amongst men’), Gurudev Buddha was propitiated as “Sarvavyapinam Gaganopam” by Indrabhuti, the founder of Vajrayana, who then was also the leader of the tribal Udiyana known by the name of Udradesha/Udissa/Orissa, when he coined the epithet ‘Jagannatha‘ for Buddha (Sri Jaya Devanka Baisi Pahacha: Subhas Chandra Pattanayak: Bharata Bharati, Cuttack) .

Jnanasiddhi, the scripture he gave to Vajrayana begins with the following verse:

“Pranipatya Jagannatham Sarvajina-vararchitam,
Sarva Buddhamayam sarvavyapinam gaganopamam,
Sarvadam-sarvasatoyah sarvajna varavararjinam
Bhaktyaham sarva bhavena vaksye tat sadhanam param”.

So Gurudev Buddha is “Sarvavyapi Gagana (all pervading sky) and the Sarvavyapi Gagana is Sarva Buddhamaya (in its entirety full of Buddha) as per Jnanasiddhi where Buddha is propitiated as Jagannatha.

Therefore, here, consigned to fire, when on the pyre the dead person’s body melts into elements, life after death gets transported to the waves of Patitapavana Bana atop Jagannatha temple by the wind that blows over Swargadwara from the Mahodadhi (sea) and thereby gets still higher transformation into the high sky, Oriyas believed, life after death gets enlivened by reaching the beloved emancipator, Gurudev Buddha, who, as noted above, is the sky himself.

This was in essence Swargadwara’s uniqueness in ancient days when Jagannatha was the beloved Purusottama Buddha of Orissa, not Sri Krushna of Dwaraka or Vishnu of Vedic pantheon.

Swargadwara was the greatest renewer of people’s faith in Buddha and remembrancer of his omnipresence in the Sky notwithstanding his presence in the worshiped form of Sri Jagannatha in Purusottama Kshetra, Puri.

Evil design of Vedic chauvinists

Swargadwara is a victim of evil deign of Vedic chauvinists.

From the days of Asoka to mediaeval times, history of Orissa is a history of attack on this Buddhist land by the Vedic chauvinists coming from outside Orissa and transformation of Orissa from a Buddhist place to a Hindu region.

Rev. J. Long in his famous essay captioned ‘Notes and Queries Suggested by a Visit to Orissa in January 1859’ gives a description of how “in AD 311 a king’s daughter had concealed the sacred tooth relics of Buddha in her hair and sailed out to Ceylon, which was then becoming a place of refuge to the Buddhists from the Brahmins’ rage” (Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1859, No.III, Vol.XXVIIII,pp.185-87). The Brahmins’ rage was so sharp that a sect of butchers was created by the name of Pasupat Saiva and a non-Oriya King of Ganga dynasty was rewarding the members of this sect with gold coins when any of the said sect was beheading a Buddhist monk.

In Iswara Das’s Chaitanya Bhagavat we find how the King Ananga Bhima Dev being assisted by the Vidic chauvinists had butchered 32 Buddhist monks. In the same epic of Iswara Das, description also of 84 Siddhacharyas going underground after annihilation of 668 Buddhist monks by a King of Keshari dynasty is available in chapter 148 whereas Ekamra Purana gives an account of how a top royal functionary famous as Yama (perhaps for his pleasure in killing others), who had founded the Yameswar temple, had gifted a well sculptured abode adjoining it to a Pasupatacharya known for cruel killing of the Buddhists.

Very recent salvage of as much as 18 tons of silver bricks from Ramanuja’s M.R. @ Emar Math of Puri has generated interest in finding out as to why this massive store of silver was kept hidden in the Math. Research shows that not only silver, but also massive quantity of gold was stockpiled in this Math which has no trace available now though no records are available on use thereof. As for example, on the basis of records researcher Dr. Surendra Kumar Mishra has indicated that in the 15th century (when Vedic chauvinist were most actively campaigning to convert Sri Jagannath from Purusottama Buddha to Krushna of Hindu religion), the patriarch king of Ahichhatra in the heartland of Vedic activism (modern Bareli of Uttara Pradesh) had donated 750 mounds (about 300 kilograms) of gold to Emar Math as well as gold of the same amount to the sixteen villages of caste supremacists and avowed antagonists of Buddhism, notoriously styled as Shasanas (literally meaning the sixteen seats of administration). It is now necessary to investigate into treasure troves kept secret in other Maths; but it cannot be denied, in view of events noted above, that Vedic chauvinists from outside Orissa were bribing Brahmins and Matts with massive silver and gold to destroy Buddhism in its land of origin.

And, under this design, all the Vedic chauvinists and proponents of Brahminism from Samkaracharya to Nimbarka and Ramanuja had camped at Puri and had succeeded in causing confusion in the minds of the gullible public.

The Vedic chauvinists being dedicated to empire building were determined to destroy everything Buddhist, because Buddhist order was the order of democracy, of Sangha against autocracy, of integration against segregation. Sri Jagannatha as Buddha was the only hurdle on their way in India.

This is why the Brahmins – the beneficiaries of Veda and the Royals – the political opponents of democracy, had become one in transforming Jagannatha from Buddha to Vishnu and Swargadwara from a crematorium addressed to Buddha to a burning ground linked to Vishnu.

Instance in epic

This mischief is discernible in the epic ‘Daru Brahma Gita’ of Jagannatha Das of early sixteenth century.

The legend espoused in this epic is about cremation of Srikrushna in Swargadwara of Puri where his body, not completely reduced to ashes, metamorphosed into the image of Jagannatha.

According to this narration, when Srikrishna was killed by Jara Savara, the Pandavas were his only living relations, who were entitled to cremate his body. Under advice of Sahadev, they brought the body to Swargadwara of Srikshetra Puri and put on a pyre prepared of sandalwood procured from Nilasundar forest. But fire could not consume his body except the hands and the feet; because he was to be worshiped as Buddha in the shape of a torso. Following a directive from the sky, they threw the unburnt torso of Krushna into the sea, where, while floating, it was seen by Savar Biswabasu. The Savara consecrated the torso under the banyan tree near Rohini Kunda.

This is the story of evolution of Srikrushna as Jagannatha according to Darubrahma Gita.

That, the story is a shrewd attempt to implant Srikrushna on Buddha, who in torso form, sculptured on matriarch component of Buddhism, was being worshiped as Jagannatha, needs no elaboration.

The story is clearly aimed at misleading the people to believe that the torso worshipped under Bouddha Tantra as Jagannatha, was so shaped, because Srikushna wanted to be worshiped as Buddha sans hands and feet.

The banyan tree where Buddha was meditating, which is famous in Orissa as Kalpabata, is also projected in this episode to make out authenticity for the account given by Das.

And to add strength to this concocted story, blatant lies like the Pandavas deciding to cremate Krushna of Dwaraka in Swargadwara of Puri and the fire failing to consume his body except hands and feet, and unknown voice from the sky directing the Pandavas to throw the unburnt torso into the sea, and the said unburnt torso retuning to the sea shore to be collected by the Savara for consecration under the banyan tree near Rohini Kunda were resorted to sans qualms. In the process of coining the misleading story, Das however forgot that Rohini Kunda was created after addition of Balabhadra and Subhadra to Sri Mandira system, not before that. So,the narration of the torso of Sri Krushna being brought to the banyan tree near Rohini Kunda by the Savara to be worshipped as Jagannatha cannot but be a false, frivolous and fabricated story.

Evidence on ancientness of Swargadwara

For the purpose of our present discussion, the above narration of Daru Brahma Gita is of no relevance, except that it says also of the ancientness of Swargadwar in existence before writing of this epic in early sixteenth century.

If this mention of Swargadwara as a crematorium in a sixteenth century epic fails to convince about its age, let us look at the Gazette of India on Puri District published on 15 August 1977. It records:

“The swargadwara, or the gateway to heaven, is in the sandy beach towards the south-western corner of the town. It is said to be the place where God at the invitation of King Indradyumna came down to consecrate His sacred images. A dip in the sea near it is believed to secure heavenly bliss. When men die, such a place would be the most acceptable for an easy transition to heaven, and hence it has been selected as the cremation or burning ghat for the dead. The beach near Swargadwara is always crowded in the morning and evening. It is largely frequented by bathers, specifically in the month of Kartika. On the full-moon of Kartika (October – November) thousands of people come here to bathe and the concourse is said to number at times from forty to fifty thousand persons”. (page 790)

So, ancientness of Swargadwara as a crematorium of national and celestial importance in the days of the epics, before Jagannatha was transformed from Buddha to Krushna, is also admitted in the modern historical records like the official Gazette of India in 1977.

Now the Issue

What happened to that Swargadwara, which was in existence till at least 1977, the year when Biju Patnaik emerged as a national leader using Jayaprakash Narayan’s movement to his advantage and became a central Minister with his party – the Janata Dal – grabbing power in Orissa?

The present government, led by his son, must answer this question, specifically as its claim puts the life of Swargadwara to allocation of 900 decimals of land for the purpose to the Municipality in 1985.

Land-grabbers were hand-in-glove with Biju Patnaik, then in power, to take to their possession the lucrative sea shore of Puri. And Biju was obliging them. It was so scandalous that eminent MLAs and MPs of his party had raised strong objections thereto, besides party forums , in the media and on the floor of the Assembly. Even a frontbencher colleague of Biju, Tathagat Satapathy having castigated the government on this score in his debates in the Assembly, had put his disapproval in a signed editorial of the well circulated Dharitri that he edits. This is on records.

Therefore it is now essential to officially or judicially locate the expanse of Swargadwara prior to grabbing of power by Biju in 1977, as its existence up to that particular year is admitted in the official gazette cited supra. It was, as put under Tirthaswamy’s marfatdari in 1889, at least of 30 acres.

The entire land is to be retrieved

The so-called allocation to the Puri Municipality in 1985 – when the Municipality was in the hands of Biju followers – was designed to keep beyond purview the illegal change of land records, if any, in favor of trespassers or palm-greasers that, through corruption, have taken away the Swargadwara land.

So, it would be proper for the Court – in consonance with its inherent powers pivoting judicial activism – to trace out the lost lands of Swargadwara by looking into pre-1985 history of this unique crematorium.

All the occupations on this land, prior to and after 1985, need be nullified as the marfatdar (caretaker) had no right to hand over to anyone even an iota of the land kept under his care and the political government in a secular system has no right and legitimacy to tamper with the most cherished crematorium, belonging by origin to Sri Jagannatha and to ancient culture of Orissa.

To make it possible, demolition of the Biju tomb that has shrunk even the existing Swargadwara is an unavoidable must. Unless, the national crematorium is freed from Biju’s posthumous encroachment, other encroachments cannot be legally removed.

It is a happy development that people under the banner of Jagannatha Sena have started a mass campaign for demolition of the Biju tomb. It was illegally erected, admittedly on Swargadwara land, when the land was leased out to Puri Municipality and the Municipality was in the grip of Biju sycophants.

Notwithstanding how this organization looks at Jagannatha, its endeavor to free Swargadwara from Biju’s posthumous encroachment certainly deserves all support.