Bhubaneswar Bureau

Bhubaneswar, Jan.28

Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, established in 1962 is second in seniority amongst all such Universities in India, but it is second to none in mismanagement and malfeasances.

A glaring instance is denudation of its central library. So many Vice-chancellors and Registrars have come and gone but none so far had felt the necessity of looking at it. For the first time in its four decades old history, the incumbent duo, the Vice-chancellor Sri Sahadev Sahoo and the Registrar Sri Pramod Chandra Pattanayak caused a verification of its stock of books. It transpired that 25,500 rare books of referral value were missing. The library having 70,000 titles in its stock register, the denudation is around 35%.

The library has 11 subject-matter-specialist librarians under supervision and control of a Chief Librarian. The teachers and students are entitled to burrow books over and above the books they burrow from their respective departmental libraries. Clearance certificate from the library is a pre-requisite to issuance of last pay certificate to persons under transfer, pension payment order to the superannuated and degree certificates to successful students. How then so vast numbers of books could miss without being reported?

The librarians are unable to name the missing titles. There is no record of their respective price. No trace of the authors. No record of the publishers and suppliers. But 25,500 books are not traceable in the library racks. No record of their movement, if any, is available. No body is able to say as to whom and when these books were issued, if at all.

The OUAT central library procures books mainly for research utility. Departmental libraries have their own stocks of course-books. These are books in the area of science. And, books on science, specifically those having referral importance, are heavily priced. If average cost per book, in absence of corresponding purchase register, is taken to be Rs.400/-, it indicates that more than a crore of rupees has been misappropriated in the guise of purchasing these books. This crime has been continuing for years after years. And, to keep it going, physical verification of the library had always been kept out of the job chart.

Now when the felony has been uncovered, the syndicate that has done it must not be allowed to escape. There is no need of any suggestion in this matter as the present V.C., besides his excellence in Indian Administrative Service, is a scholar himself to whom a library is the heart of knowledge.


OM Bureau


Security being basically a matter of law and order, operators of private security agencies must not be allowed any more to run without being answerable to the State, the Director General of Orissa Police opines.

Lack of any law in this respect has helped mushrooming of security agencies in the private sector wherein more than 25000 persons are currently employed. As many as 350 agencies, registered mostly under the Companies Act are spread all over the State, the majority of whom sporting nearly 200 different titles operate from the State headquarters town of Bhubaneswar and the Police headquarters town of Cuttack. When the Constitution of India has given guarantee to every citizen to take up any avocation of his choice, and therefore there is no illegality in any body registering a company to operate a security agency, it is often seen that under cover of uniforms many a numbers of such security personnel have resorted to breech of law and have played havoc with security of the public. In course of its regular business, the Police have come to know of the nexus between some of such agencies and criminal gangs in the State. Even history-sheeters have found their shelters in some of such agencies and continuing their criminal activities under the guise of their agency uniforms. As many as 17 criminal cases against private security guards and their agencies being on records, the situation is ripe for having a leash on the constitution and conduct of the private security agencies.

The DGP is of the opinion that the State should enact a law granting the police appropriate power to monitor the private security agencies specifically in the area of their personnel. They should be subjected to affiliation with the Police as it is the State organ that alone is responsible at the root for security of the citizenry and for law and order of the State.


Subhas Chandra Pattanayak


Free, fair and bold comments against injustice and crime are essentially required to stop them and as such, greatest service to people, thus declares Sri Narayana Patra, a pensioner of Orissa Government in the cover of his unique serial work captioned criticism. Categorizing his work as intellectuals Digest, Sri Patra claims that it deals only with big issues of life and liberty. He spends about half of the money he gets as monthly pension on this work. On a bi-cycle and seldom on a moped unworthy of road, he moves from place to place, meets person after persons to circulate Xeroxed copies of Criticism that he compiles and publishes every month. He doesnt charge any price for the service; but he insists that contents thereof be read and cogitated.

Sri Patra has been serializing the issues raised by him. Issue No.275 may be taken as an instance of how fearlessly he raises a point that perniciously affects our system but perilously accommodated by the society. There are two marble plates on two different places of the building that houses the Court of the sub-ordinate Judge and Assistant Sessions Judge at Talcher. The first plate depicts that the Court was inaugurated by Sri Ranganath Mishra, Chief Justice of Orissa High Court (as he then was) on 30th day of September, 1982; and the 2nd plate depicts that the Court building was opened by the same Sri Mishra when he was Chief Justice of India on the 25th day of December, 1990. No body in the State has ever bothered over these two plates depicting the two events. But, for Patra, this is a point to be cogitated. For the inauguration of the Court, the visit of the Chief Justice of a State High Court may be understandable, but was it so much necessary that the Chief Justice of India was to travel on huge government expenses to his home State to open the court building of a sub-ordinate judge? he questions. He wants the society to dig out the details of the engagements of the CJI on the 2nd day or the phase of his tour covering that day so that it could be determined as to whether or not the Talcher event was used as a fetcher of official T.A. and D.A. even as he was transacting his private works. If the Judges/ Chief Justice of the Supreme Court visit home State to attend private works by arranging official engagements, should people be blamed for raising accusing fingers to the integrity and honesty of such judges? he wonders. To him, even though in the judicial sector, extravagant and avoidable expenditure is a crime against the country that is reeling under neck-deep debts.

When a junior member of the State Secretariat staff, Sri Patra was marked for his courage to criticize promulgation of emergency in the Country and had exhausted all his savings from salary in authoring and publishing highly documented materials against the dark design under the nickname of Furufura. Under this nickname, he had authored earlier in 1970 and 1972 respectively two revealing books on the threat to Indian democracy from the pseudo socialists, the first titled Samajvad Orof Ekachhatravad and the second, Samajvad Hin Ekachhatravad. Much before Sri Jayaprakash Narain thought of leading his famous movement against the central misrule, Patra was the only one in whole of the country who had come up with a clarion call to save democracy from the evil design of the sycophants of Mrs.Indira Gandhi. His book, Ganatantra Banchao (save democracy), published on the 1st October 1973, was the best available documented material from which the later opponents of emergency had derived sufficient intellectual support. Born to a lower middle class family, Patra, working as a low-paid government servant as he was, preferred to work incognito and hence, the pro-democracy and anti-emergency activists could not know who really was Furufura, author of the aforesaid books. The post-emergency political climate gave birth and berth to innumerable idiots in the political arena of the country but, Patra, the real father of conscious battle against the forces of emergency remained beyond every bodys knowledge and continued as a low-paid government servant in the Secretariat. After his retirement on super-annuation, he is now writing in his own name: Narayan Patra.

Age has written its mandate on his body. But his mind has remained ever sharp against injustice. Frail but fearless, he personifies the consciousness of his soil. Whoever is able to peruse Criticism, is able to know as to what extent a man can burn himself in order to light up the road to a true democracy.(SCP)


Subhas Chandra Pattanayak


The State Government resolved to day to encourage commercialization of higher education in Orissa. It shall provide prime land with all infrastructures in concessional rate to private operators and allow them absolute independence in fixing up their fees and charges.

Mr. Bhagavat Prasad Mohanty, when he was the Higher Education Minister, was used as the first machine of private industry for paving the way towards this goal. At his behest, the government college teachers were acquainted for the first time with the possibility of private funding in higher education in a seminar on the subject at S.C.S.College, Puri. The Cabinet resolution of to day stems from that endeavor.

Informing the public of the Governments decision after the cabinet meeting, Chief Secretary P.K.Mohanty disclosed that an Act to allow establishment of private Universities in the State would soon be promulgated. The proposed private universities would be self-financed and autonomous and work in accordance with the U.G.C. guidelines. The State Government shall have no control over them excepting granting permission to start. Inspection of their activities, even though touted at the moment to be the States responsibility, is an area where the governments bare confusion is a matter to see. What shall the government do on such inspections when it has utterly failed to fix up responsibility on any of its own paid officers for proven transgression of official ethics and for mismanagement of public funds and public sector undertakings? So, the boasting of reserving to itself the right to inspect the private universities as and when they start their operation is nothing but a design to hoodwink the public at the moment.

The entire design is against the interest of the State. The law, when framed, shall restrict Orissas academic interest to 25% of the scope the private universities should be offering. It shall give a guarantee that minimum 75% of the seats under the private universities would be reserved for students from out side Orissa.

Thus shall begin commercialization of education in the State.(SCP)


Subhas Chandra Pattanayak


The State Government has decided to appoint veterinary doctors on contractual basis on consolidated salary. Vets who have qualified for the job through interviews are opposing this. It has posed a threat to animal husbandry and farmers by jeopardizing the veterinary environment. If on application of mind, it is a conspiracy against the simple people of Orissa. If not, it is an instance of how mindlessly the administration is running.

Industry and commerce do not support the common man in Orissa. Animals are the principal source of his sustenance. His life depends totally on animal resources and fishery.

Had there been any industrial importance given to the animal sector, Orissa would have excelled in economy. But, it has never happened. The State has not yet even thought of an official policy on animal resources and fishery. As a result, notwithstanding the highest concentration of cultivators in its soil, the largest coastal belt, abundance of rivers, reservoirs and lakes, and presence of commercial as well as co-operative banks in every bloc, the consumers of Orissa depend almost entirely on supply of fishery and poultry as well as dairy products from the Telugu cultivators.

Non-Oriya officers in the funding institutes as well as in Orissa Administration, particularly those born in Andhra, have never encouraged any Oriya cultivator to pursue fortune in the above sector. Farmers of Bijipur had once told this reporter how their appeal to the then chief of NABARD, who was in tour in the area, for funds for dairy and poultry was turned down without application of mind. The Andhra Chief Minister was marked for his prompt presence and personal involvement in road cleaning in Orissa immediately after the super-cyclone of 1999 that had earned him high acclaim from all quarters at that time. But his aim was not to assist the people of Orissa, which was proved by his demands for refund of the money his government had spent on the work. His motive behind his endeavor was clearly overloaded by anxiousness to restore the Andhra market in Orissa. If animal resources improve in Orissa, it is Andhra that would face problems in marketing its products. Therefore, there is a conspiracy to keep Oriya farmers away from the avocation of fishery, poultry and dairy. An instance that may throw light on this probability is the case of Sri Naresh Chandra Pattanayak of Tigiria in the district of Cuttack. His house stands on a big patch of land of his own family. It has a water pond overhead and a huge dug-well fitted with a jet pump. The soil is fertile and fit for cultivating green fodder for cattle. It is, in opinion of experts, the best patch of land in the locality for operation of a multi-purpose farming that would include fishery, poultry and dairy. Sri Pattanayak has a family to feed but is not employed. He depends totally on traditional cultivation of paddy and vegetables that doesnt grant him adequate sustenance. He was keenly interested in using his patch of land for poultry and dairy. But availability of proper veterinary services in the area discouraged him in pursuing that vocation. Many, many men like Naresh are perishing in Orissa in spite of having the land and the urge to pursue their fortune in dairy and poultry simply because veterinary doctors worth the salt are not available in their respective areas and this specific situation has handed over Orissas consumers to the market-seekers of Andhra.

It is in this context the Orissa Governments latest decision to keep qualified veterinary doctors devoid of job stability deserves attention. Nowhere in the State the veterinary hospitals are well equipped. The doctors are not well paid. They do not have adequate avenues of promotion. They are not given any opportunity to re-orient themselves with the latest knowledge in their field in course of service. There is a marked lack of incentive in the sector. When the position is so bleak, the State Government has decided to recruit vets on contract. The same doctors who were called for an interview and were selected for posts carrying a time scale of pay; have to be devoid of that and to face job insecurity as their services shall be contractual and salary consolidated.

They may be bound to accept this insulting offer notwithstanding their initial resentment; because most of them have borrowed money for pursuing their study and shall have to repay the amount immediately on refusing to accept the job. But, would it ensure their involvement and dedication to the job?

If the government refuses to heed to their appeal, the Vets who shall accept the appointment shall no doubt suffer. But in reality, the animal resources of Orissa shall suffer, the farmers shall suffer and suffering shall be the consumers of the State. This avoidable mischief is being played either because of a tactful conspiracy from the neighboring State of Andhra which would benefit from a weak veterinary network in Orissa or because, the policy framers in Orissa are unable to foresee the adverse impact of their action on the animal resources segment of the State.(SCP)


Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Melaka is a popular word in Oriya. It means compatibility or reconciling. Members of Oriya nation usually arrange marriages of their daughters and sons by making a melaka of their respective horoscopes to foresee as to how far they would be compatible if married. If melaka is perfect, it is said, MELAKA PADICHHI RAJA JOTAKA, meaning, if married, the couple will be most compatible. So to the Oriyas, the word ‘Melaka’ means compatibility that helps to grow by reconciling and on the basis of cooperation.

It is thrilling to note that 2 degrees north of the equator between Singapore to its south and Kuala Lumpur to its north, there exists a picturesque and historical place called Melaka. It was perhaps the Citadel of Orissa’s forgotten prince Hamvira. It was so named because its founder had conceived it to be a center of reconciling for merchants from various parts of the globe using it as a rest point while sailing the seas and to use it for exchange of merchandises in harmony.

Researchers say that it was founded in the 15th century by Parameswar, who was recognized and honored by the Chinese Emperor as the King of this land. By naming his land as Melaka, he has clearly indicated that he was an Oriya by origin. I guess, he was Parameswara Hamvira.
A legend linked to foundation of Melaka also speaks of Oriya tradition. In Orissa, tradition of establishment of Capitals by many a Prince in the past was associated with weaker animals overpowering stronger ones and then co-existing. History of almost all the Garjats (Ex-Princely States) of Orissa has such a story to say. My own State Tigiria had shifted its Capital to the present town called Nizgarh from the old Capital called Puruna Tigiria as the King had seen a dove overpowering a hawk on the spot in the new place. A similar story is linked to establishment of Melaka. It is tale of the hunting dogs being overpowered by a mouse deer. The story has been adopted by the Government as the official version of origin of Melaka, as it means it is where even the weak can triumph over the strong. How similar to Oriya tradition!
But who is this Parameswar? Is he the illustrious eldest son of Gajapati Kapilendra Dev of Orissa, Hamvira, obliterated from history under Brahminical conspiracies? Probably.

Though there is difference in year of occurrence, both the events: Hamvira�s disappearance from Orissa and establishment of Melaka belong to the same century. We can ignore the difference, as annals those days were not meticulously noted.

Noted historian Prof. K.C.Panigrahi laments, “This valiant son of Kapilendra had taken a great part in building up an empire for his father, but he appears as a tragic figure in Orissan history”.

It may be noted that Kapilendra, an ordinary cultivator, had raised a mass revolution against caste apartheid to which the non-Oriya king of Orissa in collaboration with the non-Oriya Brahmins had subjected the toiling people and had succeeded to snatch away the throne from the said king.

In order to terminate the exploitative tenets of Brahminism, he had obliterated caste consideration in partaking ‘Prasad’ of Sri Jagannath and encouraged propagation of the Deity as Lard Buddha.

He had adopted Buddhism in its applied sense and therefore declared his clan to be Sun clan as that was the clan name of Buddha. He had hit hard at the root of Brahminism by eliminating caste apartheid, by promulgating that there should be no caste discrimination in places of worship and no caste preference in promotion to higher ranks in the Army.

In order to save people from scriptural exploitation, he had dismissed Sanskrit as official language and promulgated Oriya in its place. He had encouraged writings in Oriya language and depiction of Buddha as Sri Jagannatha in Oriya literature. Dedicating the State to Sri Jagannatha he had declared himself as a servant of Him and made this decision permanent and non-revocable.

In all these matters, his eldest son Hamvira was his most loyal and obedient associate.

Therefore, when Kapilendra became too old to handle the reign, the Brahmins had tried to revive their hegemony with the help of Mangula Rai, a son begotten to him through a Brahmin woman. Keeping Kapilendra under arrest in a southern fort of his empire, they declared him the new emperor. And, made a propaganda that under orders of Sri Jagannatha, emperor Kapilendra discarded Hamvira and preferred Mangula to take over reigns of the empire. According to Sri Jagannatha’s wishes, Mangla Rai was to be called as Purusottama Dev, they informed. Latter to convince the people of Orissa that there was no mischief in this, legend of Manika Gauduni was concocted.

This Purusottama is known to history as a great patron of Brahminism and the destroyer of Buddhist principles that his father Kapilendra had introduced to administration.

Prof. Panigrahi, in a sense agrees to this inference, when in ‘History of Orissa’ he says, “through machinations he (Hamvira) was deprived of inheriting any part of his father’s empire. But, this led to a war of succession in which Hamvira was defeated and was forced to seek the help of the Bahamani Sultan”, he says. And he also says, “even when he was in the camp of the sultan, he sent secret messages to Purusottama to assist him to maintain his position at Kondapalli and to conquer the territories which had been lost to the Sultan”.

Prof. Panigrahi’s notes seem self-contradictory. If Hamvira had led a war against Purusottama, why should have he besought the latter’s help even while staying in the Sultan’s camp?

Prof. Panigrahi has rightly said that Hamvira was ‘valiant’ and it is he who had helped his father build up the empire when there is “absolutely no evidence that Purusottama had ever taken part in any of the wars”. So, it is not acceptable that Hamvira had raised a war of succession against Purusottama. Had he wanted, he could have attacked and defeated the design that had dethroned Kapilendra and debarred him from legitimate succession.

But, perhaps, love for his father could not allow him to indulge in fratricide.

Disgusted, he perhaps left his motherland with his equally able son Kumar Kapileswar Mahapatra in search of avenues elsewhere and landed in the Malayasian straits, whereto his loyal subjects from Orissa (known then as Kalinga) had earlier discovered the route. And therefore, perhaps, there is no trace of Hamvira and Kapileswar in Orissa, even in India, after Purusottam’s emergence as Orissa’s Gajapati emperor.

Most probably, Hamvira had assumed the epithet of Parameswara.

It is a peculiarity with Oriya national character to think big and to become big.

Hence, Orissa’s sea is Mahodadhi, meaning biggest amongst the seas; Orissa’s river is Mahanadi, meaning biggest amongst the rivers; Orissa’s national deity is Jagannatha, meaning the biggest Master of the Universe; His temple is Bad Deula, meaning the biggest amongst the temples, His road is Bada danda, meaning biggest amongst the roads!

Mark Kapilendra. He was a mere cultivator of no clan heritage. But after occupying power, he wanted him to be known as Suryabamshi or of the Sun clan, the Sun (Buddha in Orissa) being the most revered.

Many kings of Orissa had assumed epithets suggesting their highest positions; such as Mahameghabahan, Mahamandaleswara, Parama Maheswara, Parama Bhagavata etc.

On this tradition, Hamvira might have assumed the epithet of Parameswara. His cultural aversion to Brahminism might have taken him first to Bahamani Sultan when in India and ultimately to the fold of Islam as it is recognized by history that Parameswara became Iskandar Shah and his son, known as Sri Maharaj, became Sultan Mohammed Shah.

It is noteworthy that the founder royal of Melaka was inspecting the land sitting on a Tanjung that was carried by his subjects. Tanjung means seat of power. Orissa’s Gajapati Maharaj visits Sri Jagannatha’s Temple or Car even today sitting on a special chair called Tanjan. This similarity between these two words makes it abundantly clear that King Parameswara, who had founded Melaka was none but the Prince from Orissa.

It may be noted that Tanjung Keling, meaning Indian cape in Melaka is so named because merchants from Kalinga had established it.

“Keling is derived from Kalinga, the name of a place in India where the early Indian trader to Melaka came from. Now the word is considered as a very crude way of referring to a person of the Indian race. And this is why the place is known as Tanjung Keling meaning Indian Cape”, says Dennis DeWitt of Melaka in his family website.

It is time, Orissa’s Universities or Government should support projects to find out who the founder king of Melaka, Parameswara really was. Perhaps, thereby, details of what happened to Hamvira after Purusottama Dev took over the reigns of Orissa as well as the last days of Kapilendra Dev, the first Oriya commoner to have become our emperor by freeing our Motherland from non-Oriya rulers and the first ever ruler to have promulgated our mother tongue as language of administration and the first emperor to have made our spiritual and military organizations free from caste influence, could come to light.